Links

This is a collection of 1394 tagged web links.

Covid: Is there a limit to how much worse variants can get?

It is clear we are now dealing with a virus that spreads far more easily - probably more than twice as easily - as the version that emerged in Wuhan at the end of 2019. The Alpha variant, first identified in Kent, UK, performed a large jump in its ability to transmit.

Israel ex-top spy reveals Mossad operations against Iran

The outgoing head of the Israeli spy agency Mossad has given a revelatory interview about the country's operations against Iran. Yossi Cohen gave details about the theft of Iran's nuclear archive.

China's Zhurong Mars rover takes a selfie

Wish you were here! China's Zhurong rover has sent back a batch of new images from Mars - including a "selfie".

In 6 minuten van Antwerpen naar Brussel: Vlaanderen onderzoekt de hyperloop, wat is het en hoe werkt het?

Vlaanderen onderzoekt of het haalbaar is een hyperloop te bouwen, een modern transportmiddel dat snelheden tot 1.000 kilometer per uur kan halen. Voorstanders denken dat de hyperloop onze manier van verplaatsen drastisch gaat veranderen, critici zijn minder enthousiast.

The sounds that make us calmer

Nearly a century ago, acclaimed British cellist Beatrice Harrison performed one of the BBC's first live outside broadcasts, from her own garden in Oxted, Surrey.

Why long Covid will be a long haul

When Melissa Heightman set up the UK's first post-Covid-19 clinic at University College London Hospitals (UCLH) in May 2020, she expected that the bulk of her time would be filled helping patients recover from the after-effects of spending many weeks on a ventilator.

More swearing but parents want children protected

People are increasingly likely to use strong swearing in their everyday life, says research from the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC). The body, which gives age ratings to films, says about a third of people in the UK are more likely to use strong swear words than five years ago.

'Miraculous' mosquito hack cuts dengue by 77%

Dengue fever cases have been cut by 77% in a "groundbreaking" trial that manipulates the mosquitoes that spread it, say scientists. They used mosquitoes infected with "miraculous" bacteria that reduce the insect's ability to spread dengue.

One Fastly customer triggered internet meltdown

Fastly, the cloud-computing company responsible for the issues, said the bug had been triggered when one of its customers had changed their settings. The outage has raised questions about relying on a handful of companies to run the vast infrastructure that underpins the internet.

The US socialite who gave it all up to become a Carmelite nun

A 92-year-old nun, who took a vow of silence, solitude and poverty, has died at the monastery where she lived for the past three decades - however the full story of Sister Mary Joseph's life is far from traditional.

Elderly nun faces 40 years for stealing to support gambling

An elderly California nun will plead guilty to stealing from the Catholic school where she worked for decades in order to support her gambling, according to US prosecutors.

Love

Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection and to the simplest pleasure.

How the pandemic has changed our sex lives

Before the pandemic, many couples lived like “two ships passing in the night”, says Houston, Texas-based sex therapist Emily Jamea. Previously overscheduled with out-of-home commitments, some partners found that pandemic-related lockdowns offered a much-needed respite.

Remember, Apple AirTags and ‘Find My’ app only work because of a vast, largely covert tracking network

Apple recently launched the latest version of its operating system, iOS 14.5, which features the much-anticipated app tracking transparency function, bolstering the tech giant’s privacy credentials. But iOS 14.5 also introduced support for the new Apple AirTag, which risks doing the opposite.

Apple updates AirTags after stalking fears

Apple has released a software update for AirTags following concerns they could be used to track people secretly. AirTags were released in April and were promoted as a way for people to keep track of their belongings.

The 'megascale' structures that humans could one day build

In 1603, a Jesuit priest invented a machine for lifting the entire planet with only ropes and gears. Christoph Grienberger oversaw all mathematical works written by Jesuit authors, a role akin to an editor at a modern scientific journal.

Mighty Jupiter moon Ganymede pictured in close-up

The American space agency's Juno probe has returned some close-in views of Ganymede - one of Jupiter's four Galilean moons and the largest natural satellite in the Solar System. The imagery was acquired from a distance of about 1,000km.

Bitcoin: El Salvador makes cryptocurrency legal tender

El Salvador has become the first country in the world to officially classify Bitcoin as legal currency. Congress approved President Nayib Bukele's proposal to embrace the cryptocurrency, with 62 out of 84 possible votes on Tuesday night.

The 'Zoom towns' luring remote workers to rural enclaves

Los Angeles native Shanelle Sherlin always wanted to live close to nature in a place where, as a triathlete, she could run, bike and swim away from city noise.

China elephants: Wandering herd take well deserved rest

The herd was seen resting near a village in Xiyang township after heavy rain slowed down its travels. The animals have been trekking the country for about 15 months in an extraordinary 500km (300-mile) trip away from their natural habitat.

Websites begin to work again after major breakage

The UK government website - gov.uk - was also down as were the Financial Times, the Guardian and the New York Times. Cloud computing provider Fastly, which underpins a lot of major websites, said it was behind the problems.

Apple employees rally against office working plan

Apple employees have launched a campaign to push back against Tim Cook's plans for a widespread return to the office, according to reports. It follows an all-staff memo last week in which the Apple boss said workers should be in the office at least three days a week by September.

Why presenteeism wins out over productivity

It's almost hard to imagine a time in which people spent at least 40 hours a week in a physical office (and often even longer to impress the boss).

Bdelloid rotifer survives 24,000 years frozen in Siberia

image copyrightPA MediaA microscopic multi-celled organism has returned to life after being frozen for 24,000 years in Siberia, according to new research.Scientists dug up the animal known as a bdelloid rotifer from the Alayeza River in the Russian Arctic.

Leonardo da Vinci feud: The 'earlier' Mona Lisa mystery

A painting of the Mona Lisa hangs above a fireplace in a London flat in the 1960s. Is this picture not only by Leonardo da Vinci, but also an earlier version of the world famous portrait that hangs in the Louvre Museum in Paris?

Jeff Bezos and brother to fly to space in Blue Origin flight

The Amazon founder Jeff Bezos has said he will fly to space with his brother on the first human flight launched by his space company, Blue Origin. In an Instagram post, Mr Bezos said space flight was something he had wanted to do "all my life".

First new Alzheimer treatment in 20 years approved

The first new treatment for Alzheimer's disease for nearly 20 years has been approved by regulators in the United States, paving the way for its use in the UK. Aducanumab targets the underlying cause of Alzheimer's, the most common form of dementia, rather than its symptoms.

Why Kim Jong-un is waging war on slang, jeans and foreign films

North Korea has recently introduced a sweeping new law which seeks to stamp out any kind of foreign influence - harshly punishing anyone caught with foreign films, clothing or even using slang. But why?

Covid: Twitter suspends Naomi Wolf after tweeting anti-vaccine misinformation

American author Naomi Wolf has been suspended from Twitter after spreading vaccine misinformation. Dr Wolf, well known for her acclaimed third-wave feminist book The Beauty Myth, posted a wide-range of unfounded theories about vaccines.

South Africa's language spoken in 45 'clicks'

On the outskirts of Upington, in South Africa's Northern Cape, there lives a queen. The queen is elderly and when she dies it may not just be she who is gone, but an entire realm. Katrina Esau is 88. Her community crowned her Queen of the Western Nǁnǂe (ǂKhomani) San in 2015.

US military UFO report 'does not confirm or rule out alien activity'

image copyrightGetty ImagesA US government report on sightings of unidentified flying objects (UFOs) found no evidence of alien activity but does not rule it out, officials have told US media.The review of 120 incidents is expected to conclude that US technology was not involved in most cases.

Nigeria's proposed new name: The United African Republic

What is someone from the United African Republic called? Uranium or Urea? The answer is keeping many Nigerians awake as they chew over a proposal to change the name of the country.

Is there life floating in the clouds of Venus?

It's an extraordinary possibility - the idea that living organisms are floating in the clouds of Planet Venus. But this is what astronomers are now considering after detecting a gas in the atmosphere they can't explain.

The hydrogen revolution in the skies

As the plane rose from the runway for what was to prove a smooth and uneventful flight, the team breathed a sigh of relief.

Why Japan can't shake sexism

A day after former Tokyo Olympics boss Yoshiro Mori made global headlines with his sexist comments, Momoko Nojo, 23, helped start a petition calling for action against him.

Biosecurity warning over loosely-regulated virus labs

We have now seen what an out-of-control virus can do to our overpopulated, highly interconnected planet. Some 166 million people have been infected in just 18 months. Officially the death toll from Covid-19 is 3.

China allows couples to have three children

China has announced that it will allow couples to have up to three children, after census data showed a steep decline in birth rates. China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy in 2016, replacing it with a two-child limit which has failed to lead to a sustained upsurge in births.

The woman who walked around the world

"Why?" It's a simple question, and one that people ask Angela Maxwell frequently. Yet until recently, the American struggled to answer why, exactly, she upended a perfectly fine life in pursuit of a big dream. But for Maxwell, "why" is a question worth answering.

The gender biases that shape our brains

My daughter is obsessed with all things girly and pink. She gravitated to pink flowery dresses that are typically marketed for girls before she even turned two. When she was three and we saw a group of children playing football, I suggested she could join in when she was a bit older.

Canada mourns as remains of 215 children found at indigenous school

image copyrightReutersA mass grave containing the remains of 215 children has been found in Canada at a former residential school set up to assimilate indigenous people.The children were students at the Kamloops Indian Residential School in British Columbia that closed in 1978.

St Michael's Mount in Cornwall seeks live-in castle officer

If you love sea views and can live without pizza deliveries then a unique job opportunity could be for you. The historic island of St Michael's Mount, off the coast of Cornwall, is looking for a new castle officer.

Tarjan's strongly connected components algorithm

Tarjan's algorithm is an algorithm in graph theory for finding the strongly connected components of a directed graph. It runs in linear time, matching the time bound for alternative methods including Kosaraju's algorithm and the path-based strong component algorithm.

New dark matter map reveals cosmic mystery

An international team of researchers has created the largest and most detailed map of the distribution of so-called dark matter in the Universe. The results are a surprise because they show that it is slightly smoother and more spread out than the current best theories predict.

Harambe: Gorilla photo to be sold as an NFT five years after he was shot dead

image copyrightJeff McCurryA photo of the gorilla Harambe is being auctioned off as a non-fungible token (NFT) to mark five years since he was killed.The western lowland gorilla was shot dead at Cincinnati Zoo after a three-year-old boy fell into his enclosure.

Sri Lanka: Burning ship coats beaches in oil and debris

Oil and debris from a container ship on fire off the coast of Sri Lanka have coated beaches on its west coast. Images of the beach in Negombo, a popular tourist destination, have generated outrage in the country.

Germany officially recognises colonial-era Namibia genocide

Germany has officially acknowledged committing genocide during its colonial occupation of Namibia, and announced financial aid worth more than €1.1bn (£940m; $1.34bn). German colonisers killed tens of thousands of Herero and Nama people there in early 20th Century massacres.

Why it’s so hard to work with a creative genius

In the early series of US corporate drama Mad Men, the maverick creative frequently saves the day with his astonishing flashes of inspiration for original campaigns.

Could humans have contaminated Mars with life?

Trundling across the surface of Mars as you read this is a remarkable machine. Perseverance – the car-sized rover that safely touched down on the Martian surface on 18 February this year – might only have a top speed of less than 0.

This Was Pavel Kashin’s Final Jump – And It Killed Him

Pavel Kashin was attempting to do a backflip on a 16-story building when he lost his footing. When a parkour daredevil loses his balance on top of a tall building and has a brush with death, it’s a terrifying moment. When it happened to Pavel Kashin, it was fatal.

The fastest ways aviation could cut emissions

Aircrafts use an incredible amount of fuel. A Boeing 747-400 jumbo jet carries 63,000 gallons (240,000 litres) of jet fuel, equal to about a 10th of an Olympic sized swimming pool, and burns through it at a rate of 4 litres (0.9 gallons) per second.

Are we heading towards a summer of sex?

After more than a year of social isolation during the pandemic, the sentiment may perfectly encapsulate the purported vibe of the coming months – a period in which people are swapping masks for a different kind of protection. Welcome to summer 2021: the summer of sex.

French films show far too much smoking, campaigners say

French cinema is still addicted to showing smoking on screen, as a new study reveals the practice features in nearly all the country's films. Smoking gets 2.6 minutes of screen time on average per film - the equivalent of six adverts, the French League Against Cancer found.

Covid: Biden orders intelligence report on virus origin

US President Joe Biden has ordered intelligence agencies to investigate the emergence of Covid-19, amid growing controversy about the virus's origins. In a statement, Mr Biden asked US intelligence groups to "redouble their efforts" and report to him within 90 days.

Mast Upgrade: UK experiment could sweep aside fusion hurdle

Initial results from a UK experiment could help clear a hurdle to achieving commercial power based on nuclear fusion, experts say. The researchers believe they now have a way to remove the excess heat produced by fusion reactions.

Covid: Russia starts vaccinating animals

Russia has started vaccinating animals against coronavirus, officials say. In March, Russia announced it had registered what it said was the world's first animal-specific jab.

Iran bans cryptocurrency mining for four months after blackouts

Iran has announced a four-month ban on the energy-consuming mining of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin after cities suffered unplanned blackouts. President Hassan Rouhani told a cabinet meeting the main cause of the blackouts was a drought that had affected hydro-electric power generation.

Statues to get protection from 'baying mobs'

The government is planning new laws to protect statues in England from being removed "on a whim or at the behest of a baying mob", Communities Secretary Robert Jenrick has said. Writing in the Sunday Telegraph, he said generations-old monuments should be "considered thoughtfully".

The benefits of having many lovers

To mark the end of a turbulent year, we are bringing back some of our finest stories for BBC Future’s “Best of 2020” collection. Discover more of our picks here. “What does exclusivity mean to you?” asks Amy Hart, a contestant on UK reality TV show Love Island in 2019.

How self-control can actually unleash your dark side

As we head into 2021, Worklife is running our best, most insightful and most essential stories from 2020. Read our full list of the year’s top stories here. A few years ago, 80 Parisians were given the chance to take part in the pilot of a new gameshow, called La Zone Xtrême.

Baba Ramdev: Doctors furious over yoga guru's insulting Covid remark

Doctors in India have hit out against yoga guru Baba Ramdev over his controversial statements against modern medicine. He recently said that tens of thousands died of Covid after taking modern medicines and mocked patients for trying to get oxygen cylinders.

Gwyneth Paltrow's Goop series on Netflix slammed by NHS chief

Gwyneth Paltrow's new Netflix series poses a "considerable health risk" to the public, NHS England chief executive Simon Stevens has said.

China on Mars: Zhurong rover returns first pictures

China has released the first pictures taken by its Zhurong rover on Mars. The forward view shows the landscape ahead of the robot as it sits on its landing platform; the rear-looking image reveals Zhurong's solar panels.

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The app that lets you pay to control another person's life

How would you feel about being able to pay to control multiple aspects of another person's life? A new app is offering you the chance to do just that.

The Swedish law of wanderlust

Swedish ice-climbing instructor Markus Nyman warms up his students with an off-piste ski tour, snaking past pine trees so thick with powder that locals describe them as "snow ghosts".

Seven countries with big (and small) population problems

We looked at seven countries facing some of the most dramatic population changes and the measures they are taking to combat them.

Fertility rate: 'Jaw-dropping' global crash in children being born

The world is ill-prepared for the global crash in children being born which is set to have a "jaw-dropping" impact on societies, say researchers. Falling fertility rates mean nearly every country could have shrinking populations by the end of the century.

Lourdes: Pilgrims flock to French sanctuary online in their millions

In normal times around 15,000 Christian pilgrims a day would be visiting the Sanctuary of Lourdes at this time of year. But Lourdes, as everywhere, has had to change with the times.

Vesuvius ancient eruption rescuer identified, says expert

Archaeologists in Italy believe they have identified the body of a rescuer killed in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius almost 2,000 years ago. The skeleton of man, originally thought to be an ordinary soldier, was one of around 300 found in the early 1980s.

Forests the size of France regrown since 2000, study suggests

An area of forest the size of France has regrown naturally across the world in the last 20 years, a study suggests. The restored forests have the potential to soak up the equivalent of 5.

Neanderthal remains unearthed in Italian cave

Archaeologists in Italy have discovered the remains of nine Neanderthals who may have been hunted by hyenas, in a prehistoric cave south-east of Rome. The fossilized bones, which include skull fragments and broken jawbones, were found in the Guattari Cave in the coastal town San Felice Circeo.

Why did a Nazi leader crash-land in Scotland?

One of the most bizarre episodes of World War Two unfolded on a farm to the south of Glasgow on 10 May 1941. He was promptly arrested by a pitchfork-wielding local farmer who took him to his farmhouse before alerting the authorities.

Pornography 'desensitising young people'

Most children are exposed to online pornography by their early teenage years, a study warns. About 53% of 11- to 16-year-olds have seen explicit material online, nearly all of whom (94%) had seen it by 14, the Middlesex University study says.

Pornography 'one click away' from young children

Children are stumbling upon pornography online from as young as seven, a report has indicated. The survey, from the British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), suggested three-quarters of parents felt their child would not have seen porn online but more than half had done so.

Father calls for pornography sites to require proof of age

image copyrightBBC newsA father and a student campaigner are seeking a High Court hearing to consider whether the government should tighten youngsters' access to porn.

Jeff Bezos sets date for space sightseeing flight

Amazon.com founder Jeff Bezos is now ready to take people into space. The US entrepreneur's Blue Origin company says it will launch a crew aboard its New Shepard rocket and capsule system on 20 July.

Peloton recalls treadmills after child's death

Peloton has recalled about 125,000 treadmills in the US after the death of a six-year-old child. In addition to the death, Peloton had 72 reports of injuries such as broken bones, cuts and grazes.

Big Dog's Backyard Ultra: The toughest, weirdest race you've never heard of

Think you can run 4.16666 miles in an hour? Probably. How about the hour after that? The legs might be feeling it by now.

Ancient child grave was Africa's earliest funeral

image copyrightFernando FueyoA glimpse of human grief, at the loss of a child 78,000 years ago, has been revealed in the discovery of the oldest burial site in Africa.The Middle Stone Age grave - of a three-year-old child - was found in a cave in Kenya.

Rome Colosseum: Italy unveils plan for new floor with gladiator’s view

The Italian government has approved a plan to furnish Rome's ancient Colosseum with a new floor, giving visitors the chance to stand where gladiators once fought. Culture Minister Dario Franceschini announced the project to build the wooden, retractable floor on Sunday.

New York City police stop using robotic dogs

New York City's police (NYPD) say they will stop using robotic dogs following an outcry over their deployment. The NYPD says it has ended a contract with the Boston Dynamics firm for the remote-controlled Digidogs.

NRA's Wayne LaPierre elephant hunt video sparks outrage

Footage has emerged of the head of the US National Rife Association (NRA) repeatedly shooting an elephant in Botswana, sparking outrage. First published by the New Yorker and The Trace on Tuesday, the 2013 video shows Wayne LaPierre firing at the animal from point-blank range.

Cosmism: Russia's religion for the rocket age

On 28 December 1903, during a particularly harsh Russian winter, a pauper died of pneumonia on a trunk he had rented in a room full of destitute strangers.

Qurt: A Kazakh "cheese of resilience"

As a child in newly independent Kazakhstan, I yearned to snack on candy bars, soft drinks and anything foreign and packaged. Instead, my mother would buy salty, sour snacks that resembled white chocolate truffles, but were in fact hardened balls of sour cheese.

Man charged after Findhorn Foundation eco-community hit by fire

Emergency services - including six fire appliances - were called to the Findhorn Foundation in the early hours of Monday. The foundation said the community centre and main sanctuary were destroyed. No-one was injured.

How the space race changed Soviet art

It stands outside the gates of the Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy, the giant trade-show-meets-amusement-park intended to show off the might of Soviet industry and science. It was built at a time when the USSR was leading the space race.

The man who thought orgasms could save the world

The orgasm, it is generally accepted, is A Good Thing. An intensely pleasurable experience that can promote bonding between partners.

How Russia's cosmonauts trained for space

On 13 April 1961, Soviet newspaper Izvestia’s special correspondent Georgi Ostroumov meets the first man in space. A day after returning to Earth "space pilot" Yuri Gagarin is, reports Ostroumov, "in high spirits, hale and hearty…a wonderful smile illumines his face."

Extinction: Elephants driven to the brink by poaching

The ivory trade, loss of vital habitat and a deeper understanding of elephant biology have all combined to reveal a previously underestimated threat to Africa's elephants.

Facial recognition beats the Covid-mask challenge

Anyone with a smartphone that uses facial recognition will know it does not really work with a mask on. That can be frustrating - but although masks have undoubtedly thwarted the facial-recognition industry, the technology has also adapted.

Facebook v Apple: The ad tracking row heats up

image copyrightGetty ImagesA new feature is being introduced to iPhones and iPads this week which is causing a huge rift between Apple and Facebook.It will allow device users to say no to having their data collected by apps.

Nasa's Ingenuity helicopter makes second Mars flight

The American space agency has completed a second helicopter flight on Mars. The small Ingenuity drone hovered 5m above the ground, tilted and moved laterally 2m, before then reversing and putting itself back down on the spot from which it took off.

Afghanistan War: How can the West fight terrorism after leaving?

US, British and Nato combat forces are leaving Afghanistan this summer. The Taliban are growing stronger by the day while al-Qaeda and Islamic State groups are conducting ever more brazen attacks.

Covid: Smell training recommended for lost sense of smell

Researchers are calling for people struggling to regain their sense of smell after falling ill with Covid-19 to undergo "smell training" rather than being treated with steroids.

Can online sex fill the connection void?

About three months into lockdown in the UK, 26-year-old student Emma signed into a Zoom meeting with a group of people she’d only ever met through online chats.

Kežmarská chata

Kežmarská chata (polsky Schronisko Kieżmarskie) stála na břehu Velkého Bílého plesa v Dolině Bílých ples ve Vysokých Tatrách. Zanikla v roce 1974. Dolina Bílých ples byla vždy navštěvována bylinkáři, myslivci i pytláky.

Zbojnícka chata

Zbojnícka chata je vysokohorská chata s celoročnou prevádzkou v závere Veľkej Studenej doliny v Tatrách. Veľkú Studenú dolinu, ako mnohé iné, v dávnej minulosti navštevovali hľadači pokladov i zlatokopi. O nich sa však nezachovali žiadne záznamy.

Votrubova chata

Votrubova chata, v turistickom žargóne Votrubovka (poľ. Schronisko Votruby, maď. Votrubamenedékház, Wotrubamenedékház, nem. Votrubahütte, Wotrubahütte) bola pôvodne vojenskou stavbou, neskôr chatou v Doline Bielej vody vo Vysokých Tatrách.

Uhorský karpatský spolok

Uhorský karpatský spolok (UKS), (maď. Magyarországi Kárpát-egyesület, nem. Ungarischer Karpathenverein), (po jeho zániku pokračoval v činnosti novozaložený Karpatský spolok nem. Karpathenverein, poľ.

Kežmarská chata

Kežmarská chata (poľ. Schronisko Kieżmarskie) stála na brehu Veľkého Bieleho plesa v Doline Bielych plies vo Vysokých Tatrách. Zanikla v roku 1974. Dolina Bielych plies bola v dávnych časoch navštevovaná bylinkármi, poľovníkmi i pytliakmi.

Chata pod Rysmi

Chata pod Rysmi, známa v obmenách útulňa pod Rysmi, útulňa pod Váhou, chata pod Váhou, útulňa pod sedlom Váhy (poľ. Schronisko pod Waga)[1] je najvyššie položená horská chata v Tatrách i na Slovensku. V prevádzke je iba v letnej sezóne (od 15. júna do 31. októbra).

Prvý chatár Chatu pod Rysmi zásoboval čerstvým mliekom

Nikto sa s ním v horách nemohol stratiť. Preliezol v Tatrách veľa skál a pomáhal tiež zachraňovať životy vo veľhorách. Alojz Krupitzer.

Nasa's rover makes breathable oxygen on Mars

An instrument on Nasa's Perseverance rover on Mars has made oxygen from the planet's carbon dioxide atmosphere. It's the second successful technology demonstration on the mission, which flew a mini-helicopter on Monday.

Hunting rare birds in Pakistan to feed the sex drive of princes

In 1983, two army officers stopped at a car rental office in Pasni, a small coastal town in south-west Pakistan. One of them asked the owner: "Do you have a good car? We have to take an Arab sheikh to Panjgur."

AI: Ghost workers demand to be seen and heard

Artificial intelligence and machine learning exist on the back of a lot of hard work from humans. Alongside the scientists, there are thousands of low-paid workers whose job it is to classify and label data - the lifeblood of such systems.

US killer requests death by firing squad in Nevada

image copyrightGetty ImagesA killer who may become the first person put to death in Nevada in 15 years has requested the use of a firing squad rather than lethal injection.

Matterhorn

The Matterhorn (German: Matterhorn, [ˈmatərˌhɔrn]; Italian: Monte Cervino, [ˈmonte tʃerˈviːno]; French: Mont Cervin, [mɔ̃ sɛʁvɛ̃]) is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the main watershed and border between Switzerland and Italy.

The end of the world's capital of brown coal

I'm standing in the middle of Old Manheim village, but my phone is telling me otherwise. On one side of me I can see the old church, its windows boarded up. On the other, there's the village pub looking similarly abandoned. But Google Maps is adamant this place doesn't exist.

Australian sex education campaign branded 'concerning' by activists

The Australian government has been criticised for a new education campaign designed to teach schoolchildren about consent and sexual assault. The online programme uses metaphors such as eating tacos and smearing milkshake on someone's face to depict disrespect and abuse.

Nasa successfully flies small helicopter on Mars

The American space agency has successfully flown a small helicopter on Mars. The drone, called Ingenuity, was airborne for less than a minute, but Nasa is celebrating what represents the first powered, controlled flight by an aircraft on another world.

20 years in Afghanistan: Was it worth it?

After 20 years in the country, US and British forces are leaving Afghanistan. This month President Biden announced that the remaining 2,500-3,500 US servicemen and women would be gone by September 11th. The UK is doing the same, withdrawing its remaining 750 troops. The date is significant.

Raúl Castro steps down as Cuban Communist Party leader

Raúl Castro says he is resigning as Cuban Communist Party leader, ending his family's six decades in power. Mr Castro, 89, told a party congress that he is handing over the leadership to a younger generation "full of passion and anti-imperialist spirit".

Human cells grown in monkey embryos spark ethical debate

Monkey embryos containing human cells have been made in a laboratory, a study has confirmed. The research, by a US-Chinese team, has sparked fresh debate into the ethics of such experiments.

Yuri Gagarin: the spaceman who came in from the cold

It was the smile that clinched it. The first cadre of Soviet space explorers gathered together numbered 20. Among them were Gherman Titov, still the youngest person to fly in space (aged 26), and Alexei Leonov, the first person to venture out of the safety of a capsule to conduct a spacewalk.

The mystery of how big our Universe really is

Let's start by saying the Universe is big. When we look in any direction, the furthest visible regions of the Universe are estimated to be around 46 billion light years away. That's a diameter of 540 sextillion (or 54 followed by 22 zeros) miles.

France moves to ban short-haul domestic flights

French lawmakers have moved to ban short-haul internal flights where train alternatives exist, in a bid to reduce carbon emissions. Over the weekend, lawmakers voted in favour of a bill to end routes where the same journey could be made by train in under two-and-a-half hours.

New Christ statue in Brazil's Encantado to be taller than Rio's

Christ the Protector in the southern city of Encantado will be 43m (140 ft) high with its pedestal, making it the world's third tallest Jesus statue. The idea came from local politician Adroaldo Conzatti, who died in March with Covid-19.

The 'Iron Man' body armour many of us may soon be wearing

Imagine wearing high-tech body armour that makes you super strong and tireless. Such technology, more specifically called an exoskeleton, sounds like the preserve of the Iron Man series of superhero movies.

31 days of Drupal migrations

For the month of August, 2019, we published a series of blog posts to cover Drupal migrations. It covered basic concepts and different use cases. The posts are available English. We are currently working on translating them to Spanish and French. Many thanks to Agaric.coop, Drupalize.

Planned obsolescence

Producers that pursue this strategy believe that the additional sales revenue it creates more than offsets the additional costs of research and development, and offsets the opportunity costs of repurposing an existing product line.

Apophis asteroid will not hit Earth for 100 years, Nasa says

Earthlings can breathe a sigh of relief after US space agency Nasa confirmed the planet was "safe" from a once-feared asteroid for the next 100 years at least. Nasa had deemed Apophis to be one of the most dangerous asteroids to Earth after its discovery in 2004.

'Lost golden city' found in Egypt reveals lives of ancient pharaohs

The discovery of a 3,000-year-old city that was lost to the sands of Egypt has been hailed as one of the most important archaeological finds since Tutankhamun's tomb. Famed Egyptologist Zahi Hawass announced the discovery of the "lost golden city" near Luxor on Thursday.

Long spaceflights and endurance swimming can 'shrink the heart'

Spending very long periods of time in space has something in common with extreme endurance swimming: both can cause the heart to shrink. That's the conclusion of a study that compared the effects of astronaut Scott Kelly's year in space with a marathon swim by athlete Benoît Lecomte.

Czech Republic vaccines: European court backs mandatory pre-school jabs

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has backed the Czech Republic in its requirement for mandatory pre-school vaccinations. The case was brought by families who were fined or whose children were refused entry to pre-schools because they had not been vaccinated.

Muons: 'Strong' evidence found for a new force of nature

From sticking a magnet on a fridge door to throwing a ball into a basketball hoop, the forces of physics are at play in every moment of our lives. All of the forces we experience every day can be reduced to just four categories: gravity, electromagnetism, the strong force and the weak force.

Greenland election: Melting ice and mining project on the agenda

Greenland heads to the polls on Tuesday in snap elections which could have major consequences for international interests in the Arctic. The vast territory, which belongs to Denmark but is autonomous, lies between North America and Europe and has a population of just 56,000.

Bronze Age slab found in France is oldest 3D map in Europe

The 2m by 1.5m slab (5ft by 6.5ft), first uncovered in 1900, was found again in a cellar in a castle in Brittany, France, in 2014. Archaeologists who studied patterns engraved on the 4,000-year-old stone say they believe the markings are a map of an area in western Brittany.

Dinosaur-killing asteroid strike gave rise to Amazon rainforest

The asteroid impact that killed off the dinosaurs gave birth to our planet's tropical rainforests, a study suggests. Researchers used fossil pollen and leaves from Colombia to investigate how the impact changed South American tropical forests.

Introduction to paragraphs migrations in Drupal

Today we will present an introduction to paragraphs migrations in Drupal. The example consists of migrating paragraphs of one type, then connecting the migrated paragraphs to nodes. A separate image migration is included to demonstrate how they are different.

Migrating Paragraphs in Drupal 8

Paragraphs is a powerful Drupal module that makes gives editors more flexibility in how they design and layout the content of their pages. However, they are special in that they make no sense without a host entity.

Deepfakes porn has serious consequences

In recent weeks there has been an explosion in what has become known as deepfakes: pornographic videos manipulated so that the original actress's face is replaced with somebody else's.

The hidden fingerprint inside your photos

On 3 October 2020, the White House published two photographs of Donald Trump, signing papers and reading briefings. The day before, Trump had announced he had caught the coronavirus and these photos were apparently released to show that he was in rude health.

The world 'traveller' who never left home

Havana may be Cuba's most famous city, but tiny Trinidad is its most enchanting. With its cobblestone streets, pastel-coloured 18th- and 19th-Century palaces, and manicured Baroque plazas, the 500-year-old Unesco-inscribed marvel is one of the finest colonial towns in the Americas.

Coronavirus: Hungary first in EU to approve Russian vaccine

Hungary has become the first country in the European Union to give preliminary approval to the Russian coronavirus vaccine, Sputnik V.

Iceland volcano eruption: Onlookers flock to see Mount Fagradalsfjall

Thousands have flocked to a volcano in Iceland which erupted near the capital, Reykjavik. Lava started to burst through a crack in Mount Fagradalsfjall on Friday evening, in the first eruption of its kind in more than 800 years.

Mars: Vast amount of water may be locked up on planet

It's a longstanding mystery: how Mars lost the water that flowed across its surface billions of years ago. Scientists now think they have an answer: much of it became trapped in the planet's outer layer - its crust.

From The Conversation

2nd March 2021If there is a God, would they be bound by the laws of physics? I still believed in God (I am now an atheist) when I heard the following question at a seminar, first posed by Einstein, and was stunned by its elegance and depth: "If there is a God who created the entire universe and ALL

Chinese miners to remain trapped at least two more weeks

Chinese rescue teams say it might be more than two weeks until they can save a group of miners trapped hundreds of metres underground. From the group of 11 miners authorities made contact with last weekend, one has since died after falling into a coma.

Elephants counted from space for conservation

At first, the satellite images appear to be of grey blobs in a forest of green splotches - but, on closer inspection, those blobs are revealed as elephants wandering through the trees. And scientists are using these images to count African elephants from space.

New light shed on Charles Darwin's 'abominable mystery'

The famous naturalist was haunted by the question of how the first flowering plants evolved. Darwin feared this inexplicable puzzle would undermine his theories of evolution, says Prof Richard Buggs.

How Africa's largest city is staying afloat

Navigating the thronging streets of Lagos, Nigeria, is a challenge at the best of times. But during the rainy seasons, the city's streets can become almost impassable. Home to more than 24 million, Lagos is Nigeria's economic powerhouse, making it a destination for people seeking new opportunities.

Why the future of work might be ‘hybrid’

Since Covid-19 upended our lives, employees around the world have settled into the rhythms of mandatory remote work. Now, as companies try to decide the best way forward for their workers, it’s clear that many employees don’t want to stuff the genie entirely back into the bottle.

Why you’re more creative in coffee shops

Some of the most successful people in history have done their best work in coffee shops.

Assassins: How CCTV gave Kim Jong-nam murder documentary added intrigue

When four years ago film-maker Ryan White heard about the airport assassination of Kim Jong-nam he knew the story was extraordinary but he had no intention of turning it into a film.

Elon Musk's Tesla buys $1.5bn of Bitcoin causing currency to spike

Elon Musk's car firm Tesla has said it bought about $1.5bn (£1.1bn) of the cryptocurrency Bitcoin in January and expects to start accepting it as payment in future. The news caused the price of Bitcoin to jump 17% to $44,220, a record high.

The missing continent it took 375 years to find

It was 1642 and Abel Tasman was on a mission.

The anxieties and apps fuelling the astrology boom

Charm Torres, an astrologer in Toronto, Canada, has seen a surge of interest in her services since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Pigs can play video games with their snouts, scientists find

Pigs can play video games, scientists have found, after putting four fun-loving swine to the test. Four pigs - Hamlet, Omelette, Ebony and Ivory - were trained to use an arcade-style joystick to steer an on-screen cursor into walls.

Ancient hunter-gatherer seashell resonates after 17,000 years

Archaeologists have managed to get near-perfect notes out of a musical instrument that's more than 17,000 years old. It's a conch shell that was found in a hunter-gatherer cave in southern France.

Should women be spelt womxn?

Womxn - to the untrained eye it may look like a typo. But when the Wellcome Collection - a museum and library in London - sent a tweet promoting an event using the word it led to a Twitter backlash from hundreds of women, and an apology from the organisation.

Matterhorn Ultraks

The Matterhorn Ultraks is an international skyrunning competition held for the first time in 1982. It runs every year in Zermatt (Switzerland) in August, race valid for the Skyrunner World Series till 2010.[1]

Is zero an even number?

Superstorm Sandy had many consequences, some easier to foresee than others. Millions experienced floods and power cuts, the New York marathon was cancelled, and pictures of sharks in the city appeared on the internet. Another outcome was to draw attention to the unique position of the number zero.

The 432-year-old manual on social distancing

It was the dead of night in mid-November 1582. A sailor stepped onto the dock at the port of Alghero, Sardinia, and took in the view of the city for the last time. The unfortunate mariner is thought to have arrived from Marseille, 447km (278 miles) across the Mediterranean Sea.

Why you really don’t want to catch Covid-19

All throughout history, people have gone to extraordinary lengths to avoid infections. In the Middle Ages, it was common to douse oneself in “four thieves vinegar” – a concoction of herbs brewed in cider vinegar – before leaving the house, as a way of staving off the plague.

What we know and don't know about Covid-19

Usually, by the time you read about scientific research on a news site like the BBC, it has gone through a period of scrutiny, development and evaluation.

How your sense of smell predicts your overall health

Barrie Smith was diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease in his 50s, but 18 years before he was given his diagnosis, he developed a very strange and permanent symptom. One day he detected "a strong smoky smell, like burning wires", he says. Since then, he has never smelt anything again.

Playing the confidence game at work — the wrong way

Near the end of every school year, junior high school teacher Amy Lou Linder Weems begins a month-long lesson in what she calls “service learning.” She tells her students in Monroe, Louisiana, to pick a social problem that interests them.

'Failing up': Why some climb the ladder despite mediocrity

It’s the lacklustre associate who makes partner despite a poor record, even though you’ve been working around the clock at the same firm without even a glance from the bosses.

Why the 'nice guy' penalty disadvantages all workers

David Wyatt has worked in public relations for more than 20 years, having worked his way up to become a senior vice-president at an Austin, Texas-based firm. He recognises his privileges as a straight white man whose education was paid for.   

Why we procrastinate on the tiniest of tasks

It could be a quick email to a colleague you dislike. Perhaps it’s some menial paperwork; a small tweak to a spreadsheet or an invoice that has to be filed.

Discovering WW1 tunnel of death hidden in France for a century

Not since the 1970s has there been such an important discovery from the Great War in France. In woods on a ridge not far from the city of Reims, the bodies of more than 270 German soldiers have lain for more than a century - after they died the most agonising deaths imaginable.

Psychedelic therapy could 'reset' depressed brain

image copyrightGetty ImagesA powerful hallucinogenic drug known for its part in shamanic rituals is being trialled as a potential cure for depression for the first time.Participants will be given the drug DMT, followed by talking therapy.

Why teenage sleep is so important for mental health

It's late morning and the teenagers in the house are still fast asleep long after you've got up. Should you rush upstairs and pull them out of bed by their feet? It may be tempting, but the answer is probably no.

Roei ‘Jinji’ Sadan: Israeli round-the-world cyclist killed outside home

An adventure athlete who cycled the world and survived falling down a mountain in India has been killed by a bus near his home in northern Israel. Roei Sadan, known affectionately as "Jinji", was 39 years old.

Scientists unlock mysteries of world's oldest 'computer'

image copyrightProf Tony Freeth / UCLA 2,000-year-old device often referred to as the world's oldest "computer" has been recreated by scientists trying to understand how it worked.The Antikythera Mechanism has baffled experts since it was found on a Roman-era shipwreck in Greece in 1901.

China and Russia to build lunar space station

China and Russia have announced plans to build a lunar space station. Russian space agency Roscosmos says it has signed an agreement with China's National Space Administration to develop research facilities on the surface of the moon, in orbit or both.

French nuclear tests contaminated 110,000 in Pacific, says study

France concealed the true impact of its nuclear tests in the Pacific from the 1960s to the 1990s, a study has said. Researchers used declassified French military documents, calculations and testimonies to reconstruct the impact of a number of the tests.

Microsoft-led team retracts quantum 'breakthrough'

The research claimed to have found evidence of an elusive subatomic particle Microsoft suggested could help the development of more powerful computers. But it now says mistakes were made.

In pictures: 3D return for Bamiyan Buddha destroyed by Taliban

The ancient sandstone carvings in Afghanistan's Bamiyan valley were once the world's tallest Buddhas - but they were lost forever when the Taliban blew them up 20 years ago.

WhatsApp users flock to rival message platforms

Message platforms Signal and Telegram have both seen a huge surge in downloads around the world following a controversial change in WhatsApp's terms and conditions.

Nasa's Perseverance rover begins its exploration of Mars

The US space agency's Perseverance rover has wiggled its wheels and undertaken its first Martian drive. It didn't move far - just 6.5m (21ft) in total.

Italian dictionary Trecanni urged to change 'sexist' definition of 'woman'

About 100 high-profile figures have signed a letter to the Treccani Italian dictionary calling on it to change its definition of the word "woman". The campaign argues that derogatory terms such as "puttana" (whore) should be removed from the list of synonyms.

Why we can't stop peeking into other people's lives

We’re browsing photo essays capturing the workdays of overstretched medical staff, consuming news about politicians breaking lockdown and celebrities jetting off to private islands. Some of us peek outside to see which neighbours wear masks to take out the rubbish.

How Kenya is harnessing the immense heat from the Earth

Drive along the dusty dirt road that winds through Kenya's Hell's Gate National park, past the zebra, gazelles and giraffes, and you'll see a plume of steam shooting skyward in the distance.

SpaceX's Starship rocket lands but then explodes

The SpaceX company has managed to land one of its Starship prototypes at the end of a high-altitude test flight. Serial Number 10 (SN10) touched down in Boca Chica, Texas - in contrast to its predecessors SN8 and SN9, which crashed into the ground.

Google promises to drop personalised ad tracking

Google has promised not to develop any new way of tracking individual users for adverts once it phases out its current method. The tech giant is one of the world's largest advertising sellers and also owns the world's most popular web browser, Chrome.

Mars: Nasa's Perseverance rover sends stunning images

Nasa's Perseverance rover landed on Mars at 20:55 GMT on 18 February after almost seven months travelling from Earth. Since then, it has sent back some amazing images from around its landing site, Jezero Crater, a 49km (30-mile) wide impact depression just north of the Red Planet's equator.

Japanese billionaire seeks eight people to fly to Moon

Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa has invited eight members of the public to join him for a trip around the Moon on Elon Musk's SpaceX flight. He said he will pay for the entire journey, so those who come onboard will fly for free.

Longing for the return of the New York moment

image copyrightGetty ImagesI write in celebration of the New York moment: those exhilarating and enchanting experiences and encounters that make New York, New York.

Pompeii: Archaeologists unveil ceremonial chariot discovery

Archaeologists in Italy have unveiled a ceremonial chariot they discovered near the ancient Roman city of Pompeii. The four-wheeled carriage was found near a stable where three horses were uncovered back in 2018.

AI conquers challenge of 1980s platform games

Scientists have come up with a computer program that can master a variety of 1980s exploration games, paving the way for more self-sufficient robots. They created a family of algorithms (software-based instructions for solving a problem) able to complete classic Atari games, such as Pitfall.

How to heal the 'mass trauma' of Covid-19

You are living amid the first global mass trauma event for several decades. It's arguably the first of its kind since World War Two, and likely the first of such severity in your lifetime.

Should we burn or bury waste plastic?

Should we burn waste plastic - or bury it? Since China refused last month to accept any more foreign waste for recycling, the UK is facing a challenge.

Plastic packaging ban 'could harm environment'

Consumer pressure to end plastic packaging in shops could actually be harming the environment, a report says. Firms are swapping to other packaging materials which are potentially even worse for the environment, the cross-party Parliamentary group warns.

A brief history of gender neutral pronouns

Last week Sam Smith came out as non-binary and asked fans to use the pronouns they/them instead of he/him. It caused a debate online - especially after The Associated Press wrote up the story using he pronouns.

Mr Potato Head to lose "Mr" title in gender-neutral rebrand

The classic toy's branding is being "reimagined for the modern consumer", its US maker Hasbro announced on Thursday. From later this year, the toy - launched almost 70 years ago - will be named Potato Head on packaging.

Nothing to hide argument

The nothing to hide argument states that government surveillance programs do not threaten privacy unless they uncover illegal activities, and that if they do uncover illegal activities, the person committing these activities does not have the right to keep them private.

Nasa Mars rover: How Perseverance will hunt for signs of past life

Nasa's Perseverance rover, due to launch to Mars this summer, will search an ancient crater lake for signs of past life. But if biology ever emerged on the Red Planet, how will scientists recognise it? Here, mission scientist Ken Williford explains what they're looking for.

New jets promise to revive supersonic travel

"People have always wanted to travel fast, ever since the first person galloped across the plains on horseback," says Mike Bannister.And he should know. Mr Bannister flew Concorde with British Airways for 22 years.

The Tibetans serving in ‘secretive’ Indian force

For decades, India has recruited Tibetan refugees to a covert unit dedicated to high-altitude combat. But the recent death of a soldier in the force has put the spotlight on this unit, reports the BBC's Aamir Peerzada.

Afghanistan conflict: The families caught in crossfire on Helmand front line

"It was dreadful - the worst ever. Life changed into chaos at once," says Gul Mohammad. The 25-year-old teacher is struggling to recall how he managed to dodge shellfire and save the 25 members of his family from fighting raging once more in Helmand in southern Afghanistan.

The intriguing maps that reveal alternate histories

In these times of turbulence and upheaval, I have often found myself turning to fiction – and particularly to alternate history.

Covid US death toll: Imagining what 500,000 lost lives look like

The US will soon top 500,000 deaths in the Covid-19 pandemic. It will be the latest grim milestone for a country that has by far the highest death toll in the world from the virus.

From The Conversation

Around 600,000 years ago, humanity split in two. One group stayed in Africa, evolving into us. The other struck out overland, into Asia and then Europe, becoming Homo neanderthalensis – the Neanderthals.

Leg-lengthening: The people having surgery to be a bit taller

image copyrightDr S. Robert RozbruchEach year hundreds of people around the world are opting for long, often painful surgery to extend their legs in a bid to make themselves a few inches taller.

The benefits of embracing 'deep time' in a year like 2020

For much of 2020, the world has been trapped in the short-term: glued to 24-hour news cycles, pandemic announcements, or social media culture wars. With the virus and politics drawing almost all attention, it has been difficult to imagine next year – let alone further ahead.

Nasa promises Perseverance Mars rover landing video

The American space agency is expected to release some stunning video of its Perseverance rover landing on Mars. Friday saw Nasa present a single still image of the robot going in to land in Jezero Crater last week.

Woody Allen says doc is 'riddled with falsehoods'

Woody Allen and his wife Soon-Yi Previn have described a new documentary series about the US actor and director as a "hatchet job riddled with falsehoods". The first episode of Allen v Farrow aired on Sunday on HBO.

Bitcoin consumes 'more electricity than Argentina'

Bitcoin uses more electricity annually than the whole of Argentina, analysis by Cambridge University suggests. Cambridge researchers say it consumes around 121.36 terawatt-hours (TWh) a year - and is unlikely to fall unless the value of the currency slumps.

Nasa's Perseverance rover lands on Mars

There's a new robot on the surface of Mars. The American space agency has successfully landed its Perseverance rover in a deep crater near the planet's equator called Jezero.

If Planet Nine exists, why has no one seen it?

The 19th-Century travel writer and businessman – fabulously wealthy, perennially moustachioed, and often found in crisp three-piece suits – had read a book on Mars, and on this basis, decided to become an astronomer. Over the coming decades, he made a number of wild claims.

Nasa Mars rover: Perseverance robot heads for daunting landing

The moment of truth has arrived for the US space agency's Perseverance rover. The six-wheeled robot is fast approaching Mars after a seven-month, 470-million-km journey from Earth for what unquestionably will be the most challenging part of its mission.

Facebook blocks Australian users from viewing or sharing news

Facebook has blocked Australian users from sharing or viewing news content on the platform, causing much alarm over public access to key information. It comes in response to a proposed law which would make tech giants pay for news content on their platforms.

List of epidemics

This article is a list of epidemics of infectious disease. Widespread and chronic complaints such as heart disease and allergy are not included if they are not thought to be infectious.

Coronavirus: Priest providing 'takeaway ashes' for Ash Wednesday

image copyrightClonmany TogetherA priest in the Republic of Ireland has made "takeaway ashes" available for parishioners to administer at home on Ash Wednesday.Fr Brian Brady teamed up with a shop in Clonmany, County Donegal, to provide holy ashes in sauce containers.

Does yoga have a conspiracy theory problem?

Throughout her career as a yoga teacher, Seane Corn has been used to hearing students and colleagues rail against mainstream medicine. She even shares some of their concerns. But when the coronavirus pandemic began in 2020, Seane noticed a change.

Abydos beer factory: Ancient large-scale brewery discovered in Egypt

Archaeologists in Egypt have unearthed what could be the world's oldest known beer factory, dating back about 5,000 years. They found a number of units containing about 40 pots used to heat a mixture of grain and water to make beer.

Europa Clipper: Nasa's ocean world mission gets launch date

Nasa is sending a spacecraft to Jupiter's icy moon Europa, which holds an ocean under its frozen outer shell. Scientists say the moon is one of the best targets in the search for the existence of alien life in our Solar System.

Trail running

Trail running is a sport which consists of running and hiking over trails. In the United Kingdom and Ireland it is called mountain or fell running.

Emirates Mars Mission: Hope spacecraft enters orbit

The United Arab Emirates is celebrating its first mission at Mars. It has put a probe called Hope in orbit around the planet, making it only the fifth spacefaring entity to do so after the US, the Soviet Union, Europe and India.

Texas lawyer, trapped by cat filter on Zoom call, informs judge he is not a cat

The coronavirus has been responsible for a series of video-call stumbles and mishaps, and the phenomenon seemingly reached its zenith this week, when a Texas lawyer appeared before a judge as a cat, after being unable to change a video filter.

Reforestation

Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests and woodlands (forestation) that have been depleted, usually through deforestation.

Endorphins

Endorphins (contracted from "endogenous morphine"[note 1]) are endogenous opioid neuropeptides and peptide hormones in humans and other animals. They are produced by the central nervous system and the pituitary gland.

The insidious attacks on scientific truth

What is truth? You can speak of moral truths and aesthetic truths but I’m not concerned with those here, important as they may be. By truth I shall mean the kind of truth that a commission of inquiry or a jury trial is designed to establish.

Covid: WHO says 'extremely unlikely' virus leaked from lab in China

International experts investigating the origins of Covid-19 have all but dismissed a theory that the virus came from a laboratory in China.

Facebook emotion experiment sparks criticism

Facebook is facing criticism after it emerged it had conducted a psychology experiment on nearly 700,000 users without their knowledge. The test saw Facebook "manipulate" news feeds to control which emotional expressions the users were exposed to.

Computer AI passes Turing test in 'world first'

The test investigates whether people can detect if they are talking to machines or humans. The experiment is based on Alan Turing's question-and-answer game Can Machines Think?

'Kenyan police asked if my husband was a sorcerer'

While Chirindo Chisubi was still mourning her husband, she was shocked by a question asked by the police investigating his death in Kenya's Kilifi County on the Indian Ocean coast. Her husband, Dzuya Chisubi, had been hacked to death over accusations that he practised witchcraft.

Myanmar coup: Internet shutdown as crowds protest against military

Myanmar's military rulers have shut down the country's internet as thousands of people joined the largest rally yet against Monday's coup. In the main city, Yangon, crowds chanted "Military dictator, fail, fail; Democracy, win, win".

Romania baptisms: Six-week-old baby's death sparks calls for change

The death of a six-week-old baby hours after a baptism ceremony in Romania has prompted an Orthodox archbishop to say such rituals will be analysed to avoid further tragedy. The baby had a cardiac arrest after he was immersed three times in holy water.

A new love for medieval-style travel

I felt a surge of emotion and, unexpectedly, shed a tear. For the next few minutes, the throbbing in my feet seemed to evaporate and the bag on my back felt lighter than it had all week. I had just seen the spires of Canterbury Cathedral bristling above the treeline for the first time.

Why cities are not as bad for you as you think

“There is a density level in NYC that is destructive. It has to stop and it has to stop now. NYC must develop an immediate plan to reduce density.” So tweeted Andrew Cuomo, the governor of New York when the state of New York first went into lockdown amid the Covid-19 crisis.

Is eating fish healthy?

Fish has a reputation for being one of the healthiest foods we can eat. But the rising availability of plant-based alternatives, and increasing concerns about seafood’s sustainability and carbon footprint, have led some to question whether we need it in our diets.

Why our pursuit of happiness may be flawed

What do you want from life? You’ve probably had the opportunity and the cause to ask yourself that question recently. Perhaps you want to spend more time with your family, or get a more fulfilling and secure job, or improve your health. But why do you want those things?

Here's what we know sex with Neanderthals was like

Their eyes met across the rugged mountain landscape of prehistoric Romania. He was a Neanderthal, and stark naked apart from a fur cape. He had good posture and pale skin, perhaps reddened slightly with sunburn. Around one of his thick, muscular biceps he wore bracelet of eagle-talons.

Why some bike shares work and others don't

A set of iconic photos from 2017 show brightly coloured fields which, at first glance, look like meadows filled with flowers in full bloom.

Nazi Ravensbrück camp: How ordinary women became SS torturers

"Healthy, female workers between the ages of 20 and 40 wanted for a military site," reads the job advertisement from a 1944 German newspaper. Good wages and free board, accommodation and clothing are promised. What is not mentioned is that the clothing is an SS uniform.

Square Kilometre Array: 'Lift-off' for world's biggest telescope

One of the grand scientific projects of the 21st Century is 'Go!'. The first council meeting of the Square Kilometre Array Observatory has actioned plans that will lead to the biggest telescope on Earth being assembled over the coming decade.

Denmark to build 'first energy island' in North Sea

image copyrightDanish Energy Agency A project to build a giant island providing enough energy for three million households has been given the green light by Denmark's politicians.

Yemen war: US 'to end support' for offensive operations

The US is set to announce an end to its support for offensive operations in Yemen, which has been devastated by a six-year war in which more than 110,000 people are believed to have died. The policy change by the new president, Joe Biden, was announced by his national security adviser on Thursday.

Myanmar coup: UN chief Guterres calls for failure of military takeover

UN Secretary General António Guterres has urged the world community to make sure Monday's coup in Myanmar fails. The reversal of elections is "unacceptable", he said, and coup leaders must be made to understand this is no way to rule the country.

Is high-speed rail travel on a track to nowhere?

It was supposed to be a slick, gleaming piece of transport infrastructure that could shuttle passengers from Singapore to Malaysia's capital Kuala Lumpur in 90 minutes. But at the start of this year, the $17bn (£12.

UK finds more coronavirus cases with 'concerning' mutations

Public Health England is investigating cases of coronavirus with 'worrying' new genetic changes that have been found in some regions of the UK. Tests show they have a mutation, called E484K, that is already seen in the South Africa variant.

Ancient mummies with golden tongues unearthed in Egypt

Archaeologists have unearthed 2,000-year-old mummies with golden tongues placed inside their mouths in northern Egypt, the antiquities ministry says.

Captain Sir Tom Moore: 'National inspiration' dies with Covid-19

Captain Sir Tom Moore has died with coronavirus. The 100-year-old, who raised almost £33m for NHS charities by walking laps of his garden, was admitted to Bedford Hospital on Sunday.

Like a good deal? Maybe a hagglebot can help

Earlier this month, the Olympics for hagglebots was held: the 11th annual competition for artificial intelligence (AI) that has been trained to negotiate.

Why camels are worrying coronavirus hunters

It’s thought that Covid-19 originated in animals before jumping to humans. Now experts are warning that the chances are the next pandemic will, too.

Lobotomy: The brain op described as ‘easier than curing a toothache’

There was a time when people with severe mental illness might be given an operation to sever connections in the brain.

George Clooney helps Eddie Izzard complete 31-day marathon challenge

Comedian Eddie Izzard has completed her 31-day virtual marathon run by raising over £200k for charity. Speaking from her treadmill after Sunday's double marathon, she said she felt "very honoured" by the support.

Amber Room

The Amber Room or Yantarnaya Komnata (Russian: Янтарная комната, German: Bernsteinzimmer, Polish: Bursztynowa komnata) is a world-famous chamber decorated in amber panels backed with gold leaf and mirrors, located in the Catherine Palace of Tsarskoye Selo near Saint Petersburg.

Now and then: Iceland's vanishing glaciers

Iceland's Skaftafellsjokull is a spur from the nation's Vatnajokull ice cap, which is Europe's largest glacier. In 1989, photographer Colin Baxter visited the glacier during a family holiday and took a picture of the frozen landscape.

Ancient Jersey teeth find hints at Neanderthal mixing

Prehistoric teeth unearthed at a site in Jersey reveal signs of interbreeding between Neanderthals and our own species, scientists say. UK experts re-studied 13 teeth found between 1910 and 1911 at La Cotte de St Brelade in the island's south-west.

Nasa's Perseverance rover is bearing down on Mars

The US space agency's Perseverance rover is now just three weeks from arriving at Mars. The distance to the Red Planet is under 5 million km (3 million miles) and that gap is closing at a rate of about 2.5km a second.

Why your face could be set to replace your bank card

Sara Stewart strolls into a small Mexican restaurant in Los Angeles and orders a torta, a type of sandwich. To pay she simply looks at her reflection in a small LCD screen attached to the cashier's counter. Then to add her preferred amount of tip she flashes a quick peace sign at the monitor.

Scientists address myths over large-scale tree planting

Scientists have proposed 10 golden rules for tree-planting, which they say must be a top priority for all nations this decade.

Protecting the last wild lions in Africa

British photographer George Logan documents the "natural beauty, drama and raw ferocity" of wild lions in Africa. Logan has spent the last 10 years photographing lions in Kenya, Ethiopia, Zambia, Malawi, Botswana, Namibia and South Africa.

Torrent downloads and distributions for IP 3.88.201.176

3.88.201.176 is your IP address. Computers connected to a network are assigned a unique number known as IP Address. IP addresses consist of four numbers in the range 0-255 separated by periods (i.e. 193.140.64.252).

Jim Haynes: A man who invited the world over for dinner

Jim Haynes was both an icon and a relic of the Swinging Sixties, an American in Paris who was famous for inviting hundreds of thousands of strangers to dinner at his home. He died this month. Last February, I took my last trip abroad before lockdown closed in on us.

Nasa's Curiosity rover: 3,000 days on Mars

The US space agency (Nasa) is about to put its latest rover, Perseverance, on Mars. But we shouldn't forget that the existing robot, Curiosity, is still there and working well following its landing in equatorial Gale Crater back in 2012.

ideas@sullice.com

Using Drupal For Digital Experiences Part One: User experiences are directed graphs What’s a graph? A graph is not a bar chart. Graphs are made of nodes and edges. Nodes are represented as empty circles and they typically correlate to some concept.

Using Graphical User Interfaces like Cypress' in WSL2

The Window Subsystem for Linux is very powerful. After exploring it for a bit, I wanted to push it even further. Wouldn't it be cool to run GUIs natively inside of Linux, on your computer running Windows? 🤯

The erotic origins of Italy's most famous sweet

Naples has pizza, Rome has cacio e pepe and Sicily has cannoli.

Brexit: End to Gibraltar land border prompts joy and trepidation

The Spanish workers of La Línea de la Concepción are at the ready to celebrate the removal of the Gibraltar border controls. And they have reason to. This small coastal town bordering Gibraltar is one of the poorest in Spain.

WhatsApp and Facebook to share users' data outside Europe and UK

WhatsApp is forcing users to agree to sharing information with Facebook if they want to keep using the service. The company warns users in a pop-up notice that they "need to accept these updates to continue using WhatsApp" - or delete their accounts.

Wikipedia at 20: The encyclopedia in five articles

On 15 January 2001, two American entrepreneurs - Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger - launched an online encyclopedia. It was called Wikipedia. Despite much criticism early on about inaccuracies, it has gone on to be hugely successful.

Electric eels work together to zap prey

More than 200 years after the electric eel inspired the design of the first battery, it has been discovered that they can co-ordinate their "zaps". Researchers working in the Amazon filmed eels gathering in packs to herd prey, then stunning them with a synchronised electric shock.

Blood doping

Blood doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream in order to enhance athletic performance.

Past Covid-19 infection may provide 'months of immunity'

Most people who have had Covid-19 are protected from catching it again for at least five months, a study led by Public Health England shows. Past infection was linked to around a 83% lower risk of getting the virus, compared with those who had never had Covid-19, scientists found.

The password guess worth $240m in bitcoin

We've all been there - brain fog makes us forget our password and after eight frantic attempts, we have just two left.

Belgian king's car hit during riots over death in police custody

Hundreds of people rioted in Brussels on Wednesday night over the death of a 23 year old in police custody at the weekend. Video from the scene shows King Philippe's car being hit by projectiles as it passed through the area.

Trump impeached for 'inciting' US Capitol riot

The US House of Representatives has impeached President Donald Trump for "incitement of insurrection" at last week's Capitol riot. Ten Republicans sided with Democrats to impeach the president by 232-197.

He Created the Web. Now He’s Out to Remake the Digital World.

Tim Berners-Lee wants to put people in control of their personal data. He has technology and a start-up pursuing that goal. Can he succeed? Three decades ago, Tim Berners-Lee devised simple yet powerful standards for locating, linking and presenting multimedia documents online.

James Webb will be the 'launch to watch in 2021'

If the standout rocket launch of 2020 was the flight that took US astronauts back into orbit from American soil, then the major rocket event of 2021 must surely be the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope. The successor to the mighty Hubble observatory is due to go into orbit on 31 October.

Cling film artist 'overwhelmed' by Pershore reaction to murals

Large nature-themed murals have started to pop up in a Worcestershire town, painted on cling film. The impromptu works in Pershore have been created by a graffiti artist who goes by the name of Mr Sce.

China: Make-up wipes ad pulled over victim-blaming claims

A Chinese company has apologised and pulled an advertisement for make-up remover wipes after it sparked outrage for allegedly victim-blaming women. The ad by Purcotton, which has gone viral, shows a woman wiping away her make-up to scare off a male stalker.

Covfefe

Donald Trump on social media#"Covfefe"This page is a soft redirect.

The ancient symbol that spanned millennia

It is perhaps fitting that the ancient ouroboros marks the beginning – and end – of Never Ending Stories, a major exhibition currently showing at Germany’s Kunstmuseum Wolfsburg.

Loop (graph theory)

In graph theory, a loop (also called a self-loop or a "buckle") is an edge that connects a vertex to itself. A simple graph contains no loops. For an undirected graph, the degree of a vertex is equal to the number of adjacent vertices.

Orthorexia nervosa

Orthorexia nervosa /ˌɔːrθəˈrɛksiə nɜːrˈvoʊsə/ (also known as orthorexia) is a proposed eating disorder characterized by an excessive preoccupation with eating healthy food.[1][2][3] The term was introduced in 1997 by American physician Steven Bratman, M.D.

Greener planes of the future... or just pretty plans?

At an undisclosed location Airbus has spent months testing a radical looking plane. At 10ft (3m) wide, it is only small, but it could be the start of something very big in the aerospace industry. It looks like a flying wedge - known in the trade as a blended-wing design.

Donald Trump’s Twitter endgame

It's hard to see that Donald Trump now has a future on Twitter. The president says he hates Big Tech. Yet he has loved using Twitter.

Sex workers say 'defunding Pornhub' puts their livelihoods at risk

Credit card giants Visa, Mastercard and Discover have blocked all payments to Pornhub, after the adult site was accused of being "infested" with child abuse and rape-related videos.

What is Elon Musk's Starship?

Elon Musk is planning to soon launch the prototype of a vehicle that could be a game-changer for space travel. Starship, as it's known, will be a fully reusable transport system capable of carrying up to 100 people to the Red Planet.

Twitter permanently suspends Trump's account

US President Donald Trump has been permanently suspended from Twitter "due to the risk of further incitement of violence", the company says. Twitter said the decision was made "after close review of recent Tweets from the @realDonaldTrump account".

Extraterrestrial life

Extraterrestrial life,[n 1] also called alien life (or, if it is a sentient or relatively complex individual, an "extraterrestrial" or "alien"), is life that occurs outside of Earth and that probably did not originate from Earth.

England’s sleepy ‘Scientology town’

It has been described as Britain’s strangest town and the real-life answer to Twin Peaks. But East Grinstead hardly exudes a sense of dreamlike Lynchian terror.

Elon Musk becomes world's richest person worth $185bn

Elon Musk has become the world's richest person, as his net worth crossed $185bn (£136bn). The Tesla and SpaceX entrepreneur was pushed into the top slot after Tesla's share price increased on Thursday.

Elon Musk's six secrets to business success

Elon Musk has just become the richest person in the world, overtaking Amazon founder Jeff Bezos. The Tesla and SpaceX entrepreneur's net worth has crossed $185bn (£136bn) after an increase in the share price of the electric car company.

Gatsby Wikipedia Fetcher

GatsbyJS plugin with the ability to retrieve various bits of Wikipedia data and reuse them in your site. Wikipedia is the most successful collaborative knowledge base ever achieved on this planet.

gatsby-wikipedia-fetcher

GatsbyJS plugin with the ability to retrieve various bits of Wikipedia data and reuse them in your site. Wikipedia is the most successful collaborative knowledge base ever achieved on this planet.

gatsby-wikipedia-fetcher

GatsbyJS plugin with the ability to retrieve various bits of Wikipedia data and reuse them in your site. Wikipedia is the most successful collaborative knowledge base ever achieved on this planet.

Nasa's Mars rover and the 'seven minutes of terror'

The US space agency (Nasa) has released an animation showing how its one-tonne Perseverance rover will land on Mars on 18 February. The robot is being sent to a crater called Jezero where it will search for evidence of past life. But to undertake this science, it must first touch down softly.

Why the pandemic is causing spikes in break-ups and divorces

After seven years of marriage, 29-year-old Sophie Turner and her husband filed for divorce. They’d never discussed splitting up before the coronavirus crisis, but during the pandemic, their marriage soured.

Why is Hong Kong so superstitious?

On a hot and humid day in Hong Kong, local finance worker Wai Li is visiting Wong Tai Sin, the city’s busiest temple, to use a fortune-telling practice known as kau cim.

Covid-19: New variant 'raises R number by up to 0.7'

The new variant of Covid-19 is "hugely" more transmissible than the virus's previous version, a study has found. It concludes the new variant increases the Reproduction or R number by between 0.4 and 0.7.

From Yale e360

The twin smokestacks of the Moss Landing Power Plant tower over Monterey Bay. Visible for miles along this picturesque stretch of the north Californian coast, the 500-foot-tall (150m) pillars crown what was once California's largest electric power station – a behemoth natural gas-fired generator.

The simple maths error that can lead to bankruptcy

As we head into 2021, Worklife is running our best, most insightful and most essential stories from 2020. Read our full list of the year’s top stories here. Fifteen years ago, the people of Italy experienced a strange kind of mass hysteria known as “53 fever”.

Japan’s forgotten indigenous people

(This year, we published many inspiring and amazing stories that made us fall in love with the world – and this is one our favourites. Click here for the full list).

The world's growing concrete coasts

It’s one of the most impressive feats in modern engineering, and crossing the world’s longest sea bridge – the 55km (34 miles) Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau bridge, which opened in October 2018 at a cost of $20bn (£15.9bn) – certainly has its benefits.

The day the pirates came

For Sudeep Choudhury, work on merchant ships promised adventure and a better life. But a voyage on an oil tanker in West Africa, in dangerous seas far from home, would turn the young graduate's life upside down.

Which cooking oil is the healthiest?

Cooking oils are a kitchen staple. But there’s a lot of conflicting information regarding how healthy each of them are.

The UK’s quest for affordable fusion by 2040

The science of nuclear fusion was proven in the early 1930s, after fusion of hydrogen isotopes was achieved in a laboratory. And we see fusion in action every day. The stars, including our Sun, are giant self-sustaining fusion reactors.

Greece’s disappearing whistled language

Hidden deep in the south-east corner of the Greek island of Evia, above a twisting maze of ravines that tumbles toward the Aegean Sea, the tiny village of Antia clings to the slopes of Mount Ochi.

The last speakers of ancient Sparta

As you enter the mountainous village of Pera Melana in Greece’s southern Peloponnese peninsula, you’re likely to hear the roar of scooters zooming down narrow roads and the chirps of birds stealing ripe fruit from trees.

The tiny forests designed by feng shui

Nestled within a narrow valley of the Meihuashan Nature Reserve in China’s south-eastern Fujian province, the ancient Hakka village of Guizhuping is sheltered from the cold north wind by a sacred forest.

Sister Abhaya: Indian priest and nun jailed for murder of convent sister

image copyrightGetty ImagesA Catholic priest and nun have been sentenced to life in prison for the killing of another member of their convent in India nearly 30 years ago.

K2: 'Savage Mountain' beckons for unprecedented winter climb

Two European mountaineers embark this week on a bitterly cold, week-long trek to reach base camp on the world's second highest mountain, in a bid to achieve something that no human has ever done before.

Covid: Belgium and Netherlands ban flights from UK over variant

image copyrightGetty ImagesA number of European countries have or are considering banning travel from the UK to prevent the spread of a more infectious variant of coronavirus. Both the Netherlands and Belgium have suspended flights. Trains to Belgium have also been banned.

Noli turbare circulos meos!

According to Valerius Maximus, the phrase was uttered by the ancient Greek mathematician and astronomer Archimedes. When the Romans conquered the city of Syracuse after the siege of 214–212 BC, the Roman general Marcus Claudius Marcellus ordered to retrieve Archimedes.

Gravity

Gravity, or gravitation, is a natural phenomenon by which all things with mass are brought toward (or gravitate toward) one another, including objects ranging from electrons and atoms, to planets, stars, and galaxies.

The new 'gold rush' for green lithium

Cornwall, 1864. A hot spring is discovered nearly 450m (1,485ft) below ground in the Wheal Clifford, a copper mine just outside the mining town of Redruth. Glass bottles are immersed to their necks in its bubbling waters, carefully sealed and sent off for testing.

Elon Musk's Starship prototype makes a big impact

US entrepreneur Elon Musk has launched the latest prototype of his Starship vehicle from Texas. Codenamed SN8, the uncrewed rocket lifted away from the Boca Chica R&D facility on what had been billed as a brief flight to 12.5km (41,000ft).

A palm oil alternative could help save rainforests

image copyrightGetty ImagesThere's an ugly truth to the beauty products we slap on our faces and an unsavoury truth to the foods we eat: many are made with palm oil, which is responsible for the rapid deforestation of some of the world's most biodiverse forests, destroying the habitat of already end

The heartbreaking video and the death of a Kurdish-Iranian family

image copyrightFamily handoutA video clip of a Kurdish-Iranian girl who died with her family attempting to cross the English Channel last month highlights their drive for a better life. The clip shows a nine-year-old girl crying and laughing.

Bitcoin hits all-time high rising above $20,000

Bitcoin has hit a new all-time high breaking through $20,000 (£14,800). The volatile virtual currency has gained more than 170% this year amid stock market turmoil.

Covid and vitamin D: 'Not enough evidence' for treatment

There is not enough evidence that vitamin D supplements protect people against Covid-19, an expert panel says. Made up of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Public Health England and the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, it said more research was needed.

Google ad practices under fire in new lawsuit

Ten US states, led by Texas, are suing Google, accusing it of taking illegal steps to preserve its monopoly over the online advertising market. The criticised moves include striking a deal with Facebook to manipulate online advertising auctions, the states said.

In pictures: The beauty of toilets

The dream for photographer Elena Heatherwick was to work for non-governmental organisations (NGOs), documenting lives and seeing the pictures she had made being used to effect change. But commissions like this did not come overnight.

Inside the homes of remarkable artists and writers

If our homes reflect our characters, then the home of an artist is likely to be particularly intriguing.

Pacific castaway Jose Salvador Alvarenga 'mulled suicide'

In an interview to CNN Mexico, Jose Salvador Alvarenga said fear was what stopped him from suicide. The man, who was found in the Marshall Islands, also said he kept his faith that he would get out of the situation.

Cocaine 'ghost boat' washes up in Marshall Islands

Police in the Marshall Islands have found their biggest drug haul ever, in an abandoned boat washed ashore on a small atoll. It's thought the vessel might have drifted across the Pacific Ocean from Latin America, spending possibly months out at sea.

The Eye of Providence: The symbol with a secret meaning?

Conspiracy theories thrive on cryptic symbols and covert visual signs.

Plane in US sprinkles 100 gallons of holy water

Rev Matthew Barzare of St Anne Church in the rural community of Cow Island took up the suggestion of a parishioner to spray 100 gallons (454 litres) of holy water from a plane. His parish is spread over a wide area so Rev Barzare decided a crop dusting plane would be a quick solution.

China's Chang'e-5 mission returns Moon samples

China's Chang'e-5 mission has returned to Earth with the cargo of rock and "soil" it picked up off the Moon. It's more than 40 years since the American Apollo and Soviet Luna missions brought their samples home.

Covid: WHO to investigate virus origins in China's Wuhan

A team of 10 international scientists will travel to the Chinese city of Wuhan next month to investigate the origins of Covid-19, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said.

Earth Photo winners announced

The winning series, photographed by Jonk, includes a coffee shop and theatre in Abkhazia, a hotel in Portugal and a swimming pool in Italy. The work was chosen from more than 2,600 submissions.

Waldemar Haffkine: The vaccine pioneer the world forgot

Working in Paris and India at the turn of the last century, Waldemar Mordecai Haffkine created the world's first vaccines for cholera and plague. Then an accidental mass poisoning derailed his life.

Gay conversion therapy: Hundreds of religious leaders call for ban

More than 370 religious leaders from around the world are calling for a ban on conversion therapy - the attempt to change a person's sexual orientation or gender identity. The signatories to the declaration represent all the world's major faiths and many are known LGBT advocates.

The world's fastest-growing source of food

Emerald-green waters and bobbing catamarans welcome one on the way to Pamban Island, also known as Rameshwaram, a sacred pilgrimage site in the state of Tamil Nadu.

gatsbyjs/gatsby

Blazing fast site generator for React Go beyond static sites: build blogs, ecommerce sites, full-blown apps, and more with Gatsby. Gatsby is a modern framework for blazing fast websites.

Decoupled Drupal: Getting Started with Gatsby and JSON:API

And there we have our site title. Take a look back to src/components/layout.js. You’ll see this exact query (with a little formatting) as the query prop of the <StaticQuery> component at the top. This is the approach we’ll use to build our queries when we start pulling in data from Drupal.

Decoupled Drupal 8 + GatsbyJS: a quickstart guide

If you're not familiar with GatsbyJS, then you owe it to yourself to check it out. It's an up and coming static site generator with React and GraphQL baked in, and it prides itself on being really easy to integrate with common CMS'es like Drupal.

The trend of web performance and the rise of static-site generators, with Gatsby.js, GraphQL and React.js tutorial.

The trend of web performance and the rise of static-site generators, with Gatsby.js, GraphQL and React.js tutorial.

Gatsby and Drupal : Match made in heaven?

Gatsby is a popular static site generator that can communicate with any backend. The front-end landscape has exploded in the last three years. Today you have various libraries/front end frameworks like React, Angular, VueJS. You have tightly coupled full stack frameworks NEXT, NUXT etc.

The last speakers of ancient Sparta

As you enter the mountainous village of Pera Melana in Greece’s southern Peloponnese peninsula, you’re likely to hear the roar of scooters zooming down narrow roads and the chirps of birds stealing ripe fruit from trees.

Covid vaccine: Rumours thrive amid trickle of pandemic facts

With a number of potential vaccines for Covid-19 now imminent, there are increasing concerns that misinformation online could turn some people against being immunized.

The veteran spy plane too valuable to replace

Nearly twice as wide as it is long, the Lockheed U-2 spy plane is one of the most distinctive aircraft in the United States Air Force – and the hardest aircraft to fly, earning itself the nickname “The Dragon Lady”.

Covid vaccines: Will drug companies make bumper profits?

At the start of the pandemic, we were warned: it takes years to develop a vaccine, so don't expect too much too soon. Now, after only 10 months, the injections have begun and the firms behind the front-runners are household names.

Okinawa: The island of almost-eternal youth

On Japan’s Okinawa Island, nicknamed the “island of longevity”, locals refuse to die.

Cookies crumbling as Google phases them out

Google is to restrict the number of advertising cookies on websites accessed via its Chrome browser, in response to calls for greater privacy controls. Cookies are small text files that are used to track users across the web.

We Had the Vaccine the Whole Time

In August 1957, Dr. Joseph Ballinger gave a nurse at a New York hospital the first H2N2-vaccine shot to be administered in the city. You may be surprised to learn that of the trio of long-awaited coronavirus vaccines, the most promising, Moderna’s mRNA-1273, which reported a 94.

Why some Chinese believe a name change could improve luck

One afternoon in April, Mandy Pang’s worst fears came true. She was summoned onto a Zoom with her boss on short notice. Due to the economic downturn from the pandemic, she was being made redundant at her marketing job.  

Hayabusa-2: Pieces of an asteroid found inside space capsule

Scientists have been greeted by the sight of jet black chunks of rock and soil from an asteroid after opening a capsule that returned from deep space a week ago.

Google outage: YouTube, Docs and Gmail knocked offline

Google applications including YouTube, email and Docs have suffered a rare service outage, with users unable to access many of the company's services. The outage started shortly before noon UK time, lasting more than half an hour before services were restored.

Pornhub removes all user-uploaded videos amid legality row

Adult video site Pornhub has removed the majority of videos by suspending all unverified uploads, amid a row over illegal content. Mastercard, one of the world's biggest payment providers, pulled support for the site last week over the scandal.

How modern mathematics emerged from a lost Islamic library

The House of Wisdom sounds a bit like make believe: no trace remains of this ancient library, destroyed in the 13th Century, so we cannot be sure exactly where it was located or what it looked like.

Drupal 8 successes and failures

Thoughts about Drupal 8, Drupal 7, Backdrop, the Drupal Community, DrupalCon's meteoric price increases, DrupalCamps, and the future of the framework/CMS/enterprise experience engine that is Drupal have been bubbling up in the back of my mind for, well, years now.

Did breaking backwards compatibility kill Drupal?

First of all, Drupal is not dead. But I would argue it's not in healthy place relative to competing projects as it was in its heyday, in the early 2010s.

Mia Khalifa: Porn contracts 'prey on vulnerable girls'

Former top porn actress Mia Khalifa has called out pornography companies that "prey on callow young women". The 26-year-old says the corporations "trap women legally in to contracts when they're vulnerable".

Google fined £91m over ad-tracking cookies

Google has been fined 100 million euros (£91m) in France for breaking the country's rules on online advertising trackers known as cookies. It is the largest fine ever issued by the French data privacy watchdog CNIL.

In Trump’s final days, a rush of federal executions

As President Donald Trump's days in the White House wane, his administration is racing through a string of federal executions.

Steve Thompson in group of ex-rugby union internationals to sue for brain damage

Rugby World Cup winner Steve Thompson and seven other former players claim the sport has left them with permanent brain damage - and are in the process of starting a claim against the game's authorities for negligence.

John Lennon: I was there the day he died

Forty years ago, on 8 December 1980, the former Beatle John Lennon was shot dead as he returned to his home at the Dakota apartment building in New York. The BBC's Tom Brook was the first British journalist to report live from the scene.

Kon-Tiki expedition

The Kon-Tiki expedition was a 1947 journey by raft across the Pacific Ocean from South America to the Polynesian islands, led by Norwegian explorer and writer Thor Heyerdahl. The raft was named Kon-Tiki after the Inca sun god, Viracocha, for whom "Kon-Tiki" was said to be an old name.

Tiwanaku

Tiwanaku (Spanish: Tiahuanaco or Tiahuanacu) is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia near Lake Titicaca and one of the largest sites in South America.

Decoupling Drupal is Easier Than You Think

The Mediacurrent team has been championing “Decoupled Drupal” for a number of years and believe that this approach is a good fit for many organizations.

From Static to Real-time: Introducing Incremental Builds in Gatsby Cloud

Today I’m thrilled to announce the release of Incremental Builds on Gatsby Cloud. In January we announced Gatsby Builds, bringing you up to 60x faster builds for Gatsby sites compared to other solutions.

Six Reasons I Chose Gatsby

Spoiler alert: I'm a big fan of Gatsby. I've worked with it multiple times and I'm continually impressed with its power and flexibility. For those who aren't familiar, Gatsby is an open-source static site generator incorporating React and GraphQL.

React (web framework)

React (also known as React.js or ReactJS) is a JavaScript library[3] for building user interfaces. It is maintained by Facebook and a community of individual developers and companies.[4][5][6]

gatsby-source-drupal

Source plugin for pulling data (including images) into Gatsby from Drupal sites. Pulls data from Drupal 8 sites with the Drupal JSONAPI module installed.

Sourcing from Drupal

Why use Drupal + Gatsby together? Using Drupal as a headless CMS with Gatsby is a great way to get an enterprise-quality CMS for free, paired with a great modern development experience and all the benefits of the JAMstack, like performance, scalability, and security.

Gatsby Live Preview

This project is quickly evolving to support live preview capabilities in Gatsby of Drupal content creation and editing. Once that flag is turned on the gatsby plugin is now listening for changes at a specific url. In your gatsby cloud instance you'll need to copy the preview URL.

React vs Angular vs Vue.js — What Is the Best Choice in 2021?

JavaScript frameworks are developing at an extremely fast pace, meaning that today we have frequently updated versions of Angular, React.js and another player on this market - Vue.js. Let’s have a look at the demand represented in Google Trends for the last 5 years.

What is GatsbyJS?

Here’s five blazing-fast questions and answers with Front End Developer, Grayson Hicks, about everyone’s favorite front-end tool right now. Gatsby is a React-based, GraphQL powered, static site generator.

Headless Drupal: Building blazing-fast websites with React/GatsbyJS + Drupal

Gatsby v1 launched in July with the new ability to pull data from anywhere using "source" plugins. In this session we'll discuss building blazing fast static websites using React & Gatsby and Drupal as a headless CMS.

Hayabusa-2: Capsule with asteroid samples in 'perfect' shape

A capsule containing the first significant quantities of rock from an asteroid is in "perfect" shape, according to scientists.The container with material from a space rock called Ryugu parachuted down near Woomera in South Australia on Saturday evening (GMT).

Securing Gatsby with Auth0

TL;DR: In this article, you'll learn how to secure a basic Gatsby static site with Auth0. The finished code for this tutorial is at the gatsby-auth0 repository. I have a confession. Despite my public love of Angular, I have recently also fallen in love with the static site generator GatsbyJS.

Rocks from an asteroid set for delivery to Earth

The Hayabusa-2 probe will release its precious sample cache, which is expected to parachute down to a safe landing in the Australian outback. It grabbed the cosmic treasure trove last year from Ryugu, an asteroid regarded as a particularly primitive relic from the early Solar System.

Gaia 'discovery machine' updates star catalogue

It's been described as the "ultimate book of the heavens" - a catalogue of stars in our Milky Way Galaxy assembled by Europe's Gaia Space Telescope. On Thursday, scientists gave an update on how its survey is progressing.

Norway excavates a Viking longship fit for a king

Pyramids, castles, palaces: symbols of power and status have taken many forms down the ages, and for the Vikings what really counted was the longship. This month Norwegian archaeologists hope to complete their excavation of a rare, buried longship at Gjellestad, an ancient site south-east of Oslo.

Vaccine rumours debunked: Microchips, 'altered DNA' and more

News of a vaccine which prevented 90% of people from getting Covid-19 in clinical trials led to a surge of anti-vaccine rumours on social media.

France Islam: Muslims face state pressure to embrace values

France's Muslim Council is due to meet President Emmanuel Macron this week, to confirm the text of a new "charter of Republican values" for imams in the country to sign.

One of biology's biggest mysteries 'largely solved' by AI

One of biology's biggest mysteries has been solved using artificial intelligence, experts have announced. Predicting how a protein folds into a unique three-dimensional shape has puzzled scientists for half a century.

Euler's identity

Euler's identity is named after the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler. It is considered to be an example of mathematical beauty, perhaps a supreme example as it shows a profound connection between the most fundamental numbers in mathematics.

Benford's law

Benford's law, also called the Newcomb–Benford law, the law of anomalous numbers, or the first-digit law, is an observation about the frequency distribution of leading digits in many real-life sets of numerical data.

Why France may ban discrimination against accents

Imagine a well-known Westminster MP - a party leader - caught in a press scrum and being asked a question which is delivered in a thick Scottish accent. He looks at the journalist in mocking incomprehension, and says: "Sorry I didn't understand a word of that.

Streaming payments 'threaten the future of music,' says Elbow's Guy Garvey

Elbow frontman Guy Garvey says the way artists are paid for audio streams is "threatening the future of music". The musician was giving evidence to a DCMS Committee inquiry into the streaming music market.

Ecocide: Should killing nature be a crime?

In December 2019, at the International Criminal Court in the Hague, Vanuatu’s ambassador to the European Union made a radical suggestion: make the destruction of the environment a crime. Vanuatu is a small island state in the South Pacific, a nation severely threatened by rising sea levels.

From The Conversation

It sounds like science fiction: giant solar power stations floating in space that beam down enormous amounts of energy to Earth. And for a long time, the concept – first developed by the Russian scientist, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, in the 1920s – was mainly an inspiration for writers.

The psychology behind 'revenge bedtime procrastination'

Emma Rao spent almost three years on China’s notorious ‘996 schedule’: working from nine in the morning to nine in the evening, six days a week. Rao, who is originally from Nanjing, moved to financial hub Shanghai about five years ago to work for a multinational pharmaceutical company.

From The MIT Press Reader

Have you ever had trouble thinking of someone’s name? Perhaps you can even see the face of the person in your mind’s eye, and you would immediately recognise the name if a friend suggested it to you. Although this happens frequently with names, it’s the same for any word.

Fülöppite

Fülöppite forms a homologous series with other members of the plagionite group. The structures of these minerals differ by the thickness of a galena sheet which occurs in all of them. Fülöppite has the thinnest such sheet.[4]

Fülöpszállás

Fülöpszállás község Bács-Kiskun megye Kiskőrösi járásában. A település népessége az évszázadok során többször is jelentősen lecsökkent és megváltozott.

Árokszállás

Pinkafőtől 4 km-re nyugatra a régi magyar határ mellett fekszik. A régészeti leletek tanúsága szerint területén már a kőkorszakban is éltek emberek. Később a bronz, majd a vaskorban is folyamatosan lakott volt. A Wechsel-hegység lábánál a római korban is állt település.

World Wide Fund for Nature

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.

WWF vows to 'do more' after human rights abuse reports

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has vowed to "do more" after an internal investigation prompted by human rights abuse reports. The probe comes after a series of articles published last year by BuzzFeed News.

WWF Admits “Sorrow” Over Human Rights Abuses

BuzzFeed News has reporters around the world bringing you trustworthy stories and explosive investigations. To help keep this news free, become a member.

Le WWF s’engage à mieux respecter les droits des populations riveraines des aires protégées

Pour ne rien manquer de l’actualité africaine, inscrivez-vous à la newsletter du « Monde Afrique » depuis ce lien. Chaque samedi à 6 heures, retrouvez une semaine d’actualité et de débats traitée par la rédaction du « Monde Afrique ».

Report clears WWF of complicity in violent abuses by conservation rangers

A long-awaited report into allegations that conservation rangers supported by the World Wildlife Fund committed violent abuses in several countries, including murder, has cleared the organisation’s staff of complicity but criticised it for serious shortcomings in oversight.

'Bin Laden' blames US for global warming

A new message said to be from al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden has blamed global warming on the US and other big industrial nations.The audio tape, broadcast on al-Jazeera TV, urges a boycott of the US dollar "to free humankind from slavery".

Osama Bin Laden 'alive and well'

A top Taleban commander has said in a television interview that Osama Bin Laden and Afghanistan's former Taleban leader Mullah Omar are alive and well. "I am in contact with Mullah Omar and take directions from him," Mullah Akhtar Usmani told Pakistan's privately-run Geo television.

Osama Bin Laden, al-Qaeda leader, dead - Barack Obama

Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden has been killed by US forces in Pakistan, President Barack Obama has said. Bin Laden was shot dead at a compound near Islamabad, in a ground operation based on US intelligence, the first lead for which emerged last August.

Al-Qaeda posts fresh warning from al-Zawahiri to US

Ayman al-Zawahiri, al-Qaeda's number two, has warned that Osama Bin Laden will continue to "terrify" the US from beyond the grave. The statement was posted on Jihadist websites.

Archbishop 'uncomfortable' over Bin Laden unarmed death

Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams says the US killing of unarmed al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden has left "a very uncomfortable feeling". Bin Laden died in a raid on a Pakistani hideout, and the US initially said he was armed but later corrected that.

Armed US 'Bin Laden hunter' is held in Pakistan

An American man who claimed to be on a mission to hunt down Osama Bin Laden has been arrested in northern Pakistan, police say. They said that Gary Brooks Faulkner, 52, was detained in the mountains of Chitral district north of Peshawar.

BA apologises for Bin Laden 'boarding pass' gaffe

British Airways has apologised after a photograph in a staff magazine showed a frequent flyer boarding pass in the name of Osama Bin Laden. The image appeared on the front page of LHR News and was meant to promote the benefits of online check-in.

Bin Laden '9/11 video' broadcast

Arabic TV channel Al-Jazeera has broadcast what it says is unseen footage of Osama Bin Laden meeting some of the 9/11 hijackers. The channel said it showed al-Qaeda leaders "preparing for the attacks and practising their execution".

Bin Laden 'to issue 9/11 video'

Osama Bin Laden is said to be preparing to release a video message to the American people to coincide with the sixth anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. The announcement was made on an Islamist website, where al-Qaeda's media arm frequently posts messages.

Bin Laden among latest Wikileaks Afghan revelations

New details, including reports on Osama Bin Laden dating from 2006, have emerged from 90,000 US military files leaked to the Wikileaks website. Several files track Bin Laden, although the US has said it had received no reliable information on him "in years".

Bin Laden and The IT Crowd: Anatomy of a Twitter hoax

Rumours circulating on Twitter that Osama Bin Laden was a fan of The IT Crowd sitcom were an elaborate new media hoax. Here comedian Graham Linehan explains how he organised the ruse.

Bin Laden book No Easy Day 'contradicts official account'

It has purchased an advance copy of an unauthorised account of the raid, No Easy Day, by a former Navy Seal. The book says Bin Laden was shot dead as soon as he looked out of his bedroom as Seals rushed up the stairs, AP says.

Bin Laden death: 'CIA doctor' accused of treason

Dr Shakil Afridi is accused of running a CIA-sponsored fake vaccine programme in Abbottabad, where Bin Laden was killed, to try to get DNA samples. He was arrested shortly after the 2 May US raid that killed the al-Qaeda chief.

Bin Laden death: Images could pose 'US security risk'

President Barack Obama has said publishing photos of the dead Osama Bin Laden threatens US national security. The al-Qaeda leader was killed by US special forces in northern Pakistan on Monday. His body was buried at sea.

Bin Laden death: Security fears for US Navy Seal team

The US is to tighten security around the elite military unit that killed Osama Bin Laden, US Defence Secretary Robert Gates has said. Mr Gates revealed that the US Navy Seal team had expressed concerns over their safety and that of their families.

Bin Laden death: What did Pakistan know?

The death of al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden near Islamabad has important implications for relations between Pakistan and the US. Pakistan has been the epicentre of the battle against al-Qaeda in its global jihad.

Bin Laden family charged and sentenced in Pakistan

Osama Bin Laden's three widows and two eldest daughters have been charged and sentenced for living in Pakistan illegally, their lawyer has confirmed. They have received a jail term of 45 days in prison and been fined 10,000 rupees ($114; £71) each.

Bin Laden film attacked for 'perpetuating torture myth'

That is according to three US senators who outlined their objections to Zero Dark Thirty in a letter to the head of Sony Pictures Entertainment. Kathryn Bigelow's Oscar-tipped drama, their letter claims, is "perpetuating the myth that torture is effective".

Bin Laden killing: German unease over US reaction

I have to say that my reaction to the death of Osama Bin Laden was unequivocal and loud, though in the interests of impartiality, I shall decline to describe it further.

Bin Laden niece in glamour shots

The niece of Osama Bin Laden has posed for provocative photographs for an American magazine. Wafah Dufour, an aspiring musician and model, is the daughter of the al-Qaeda leader's half-brother Yeslam.

Bin Laden raid: China denies inspecting US helicopter

China has denied a report that Pakistan gave it access to the wreckage of a US "stealth" helicopter used in the covert raid to kill Osama Bin Laden in May. Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence Directorate also denied the reports.

Bin Laden video threatens America

Arabic TV station al-Jazeera has aired a videotape in which Osama Bin Laden threatens fresh attacks on the US. The leader of the al-Qaeda network says the reasons behind the events of 11 September 2001 still exist.

Bin Laden wives and children deported to Saudi Arabia

The three widows and children of Osama Bin Laden have been deported to Saudi Arabia from the Pakistani capital, Islamabad, officials say. It follows a year in Pakistani custody since the death of the al-Qaeda leader.

Bin Laden's Tora Bora escape, just months after 9/11

Only a few months after 9/11, American troops located Osama Bin Laden in the Tora Bora mountains of Afghanistan - so how was he able to evade them?

Bin Laden: Al-Qaeda leader was unarmed when shot - US

Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden was unarmed when he was killed by US troops on Sunday after resisting capture, the White House has said. The CIA said it did not tell Pakistan about the raid in advance over fears it would jeopardise the mission.

Bin Laden: How he haunted the US psyche

The death of Osama Bin Laden prompted jubilation across the US. The emotion was a reflection that not only was he the man behind the 9/11 attacks but also a shadowy figure who for 10 years had haunted the national psyche. His face became one of the most recognisable in the world.

Profile: Seal Team Six

The men who rescued two hostages from captivity in Somalia were part of the same elite special forces unit that killed Osama Bin Laden. Who are they? The Bin Laden raid was years in the planning but took just 40 minutes to execute.

Bin Laden: US now in control of al-Qaeda image

An old, frail-looking man sits slouched on a floor, a television remote control in his hand. He strokes his grey beard and rocks gently as he watches himself on the screen.

Chris Hedges Speaks on Osama bin Laden's Death

BLANKChris Hedges, speaking at a Truthdig fundraising event in Los Angeles on Sunday evening, made these remarks about Osama bin Laden’s death.

CIA 'knows Bin Laden whereabouts'

The head of the US Central Intelligence Agency has said he has an "excellent idea" where Osama Bin Laden is hiding. But CIA director Porter Goss did not say when the world's most wanted man would be caught, nor his location. He told Time magazine there were "weak links" in the US-led war on terror.

CIA's 'fake vaccine drive' to get Bin Laden family DNA

The CIA ran a fake vaccine programme in the Pakistani town of Abbottabad to try to get a DNA sample from the family of Osama Bin Laden, media reports say. The Guardian newspaper says CIA agents recruited a Pakistani doctor there to organise the vaccination drive.

Dead or alive? US indecision over killing Bin Laden

After 9/11, President George W Bush made an apparently simple statement about Osama Bin Laden: "Wanted - Dead or Alive." But the question whether to kill him or capture him was a subject of controversy in Washington for long periods during the 15-year hunt for the al-Qaeda leader.

BBC News - Death of Bin Laden

Features and background Compound from the air When was Osama's hiding place built? Shock and grief Why Pakistanis were left numb by Osama death Long search for Bin Laden Hunt spanned three decades and two continents Obituary: Osama Bin Laden From obscurity to infamy Suburban fortress Bin Laden's com

BBC NEWS | Middle East | Excerpts: Bin Laden video

Arabic TV station al-Jazeera has broadcast excerpts of a videotape of Osama Bin Laden addressing the American people.

BBC NEWS | Middle East | Full text: 'Bin Laden tape'

An audiotape purported to be from Osama Bin Laden has been broadcast by the pan-Arab al-Arabiya and al-Jazeera satellite channels. In the tape the voice offers conditional reconciliation with Europe.

Have we been told the truth about Bin Laden's death?

I have been investigating al-Qaeda and Bin Laden for the BBC for nearly two decades - a quest which has taken me from the caves of Tora Bora to the high-walled Pakistani compound where he met his bloody end. So is there any truth in this latest theory?

Iconic Extrajudicial Execution of Jesus through Osama by US?

Extensive media coverage is to be expected following the execution of "Osama bin Laden" -- supplemented by socio-political analysis of every kind.

Iran president makes 9/11 claims after UN walkout

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has said he believes - as an engineer - the World Trade Center towers could not have been brought down by aircraft.

Is Osama Bin Laden dead or alive?

Osama Bin Laden died eight years ago during the battle for Tora Bora in Afghanistan, either from a US bomb or from a serious kidney disease. Or so the conspiracy theory goes.

Is Osama Bin Laden dead or alive?

Osama Bin Laden died eight years ago during the battle for Tora Bora in Afghanistan, either from a US bomb or from a serious kidney disease. Or so the conspiracy theory goes.

Joe Biden adjusts account of decision to kill Bin Laden

US Vice-President Joe Biden has said he supported carrying out the operation that killed al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden, a change from previous accounts.

Kathryn Bigelow Osama Bin Laden film faces US probe

US officials are investigating if potentially classified information about the killing of Osama Bin Laden was given to a film-maker. Representative Peter King, a New York Republican, said he was "pleased" that the Pentagon and the CIA had responded to a request he made in August.

Lawyer for doctor in Bin Laden case quits over security

The lawyer for a doctor accused of helping the US find Osama Bin Laden has told the BBC that he has quit the case after receiving frequent death threats. Lawyer Samiullah Afridi also cited US pressure on Pakistan for the release of Dr Shakil Afridi as another reason for his decision.

Leon Panetta concern over Bin Laden 'informer' Shikal Afridi

US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta has said he is "very concerned" about a Pakistani doctor arrested for providing intelligence for the US raid that killed Osama Bin Laden last year. Dr Shikal Afridi is accused of running a CIA-run programme in Abbottabad where Bin Laden was killed.

Libya: Gaddafi blames Osama Bin Laden for protests

Libyan leader Col Muammar Gaddafi has told state TV that Osama Bin Laden and his followers are to blame for the protests racking his country.

Marketable Tales of the Exploits of Osama bin Laden

Regrets are now being expressed by the western media -- notably The New York Times as newspaper of record -- concerning their role in misrepresenting the threat of Iraq and its weapons of mass destruction [more | ].

Massive claim for US terror attacks

Relatives of victims of the 11 September attacks have filed a trillion-dollar lawsuit against various parties, accusing them of financing Osama Bin Laden's al-Qaeda terror network and Afghanistan's former Taleban regime.

Memories of Abbottabad, Bin Laden's hideout

The world will remember the Pakistani city of Abbottabad as the place where Osama Bin Laden was finally tracked down, but for the BBC's Mishal Husain it holds many happy memories, from long before al-Qaeda and its leader first emerged.

Obama's Bin Laden coup risks becoming PR defeat

Last weekend, as the operation to strike Osama bin Laden's lair was first postponed, then greenlighted and then finally carried out, President Barack Obama and his administration appeared to have ice running through their veins.

Osama bin Laden

Jump to navigation Jump to search Saudi Arabian terrorist and co-founder of al-Qaeda "bin Laden" and "Osama" redirect here. For the elephant, see Osama bin Laden (elephant). For other uses, see Bin Laden (disambiguation) and Osama (disambiguation). In this Arabic name, the surname is bin Laden.

Osama Bin Laden 'death film' goes viral

Online spammers using fake videos and photos of Osama Bin Laden's death have seen their phishing scam go viral. Since the al-Qaeda leader was shot and killed by American special forces there's been speculation about exactly how he died.

Osama Bin Laden compound demolished in Pakistan

Pakistan has demolished the compound where US forces killed Osama Bin Laden in the north-western city of Abbottabad. Work began late on Saturday. Bulldozers and pneumatic machinery could be heard as the demolition continued.

Osama Bin Laden death: World a 'safer place' - Obama

US President Barack Obama has hailed the death of al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden as a "good day for America," saying the world is now a safer and a better place. Bin Laden was killed in a raid by US special forces on a compound in the Pakistani city of Abbottabad.

Osama Bin Laden's Abbottabad house 'was al-Qaeda hub'

Al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden was in active control of the terror network from his compound in northern Pakistan, US intelligence services now believe. Reversing assessments that Bin Laden lived a nomadic existence, the US now says his Abbottabad house was a command and control centre.

Osama Bin Laden's family tree

As Osama Bin Laden spent years on the run, it appears he kept his family close to him. Although separated and divorced from two wives, three others were living with him in the Abbotabad compound where he died.

Osama Bin Laden: Al-Qaeda releases posthumous message

In the message, he praises the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt and speaks of a "rare historic opportunity" for Muslims to rise up. The 12-minute audio message appeared on a video posted on Islamist websites, and has been translated by the US monitoring group SITE intelligence.

Osama Bin Laden: Legality of killing questioned

After receiving news that a team of US Navy Seals had shot dead Osama Bin Laden at a compound in northern Pakistan, President Barack Obama announced that justice had been done.

Osama Bin Laden: The long hunt for the al-Qaeda leader

The United States sought to capture or kill Osama Bin Laden for more than 15 years before tracking him down to a compound in north-western Pakistan, not far from a large town and the country's military academy.

Osama Bin Laden: The night he came for dinner

What happens when your surprise dinner guest turns out to be the world's most wanted man? A year on from the death of Osama Bin Laden, two men tell how they came to host the then leader of al-Qaeda.

Osama Bin Laden: What happened to his body?

US officials say Osama Bin Laden's body was treated with respect and buried at sea, but some Muslims argue there was no good reason for not burying it on land. Islamic tradition requires the dead to be buried as soon as possible, unless an autopsy is required.

Osama Bin Laden: Why Geronimo?

The code name for the operation to capture Osama Bin Laden is thought to have been Geronimo. Why was it named after one of the best-known Native Americans? Geronimo. The Apache warrior's name conjures up an image of the American Wild West, the world over.

Pakistan 'lost' Bin Laden trail

Pakistani forces had their best chance of capturing Osama Bin Laden last year, but they lost the trail, President Pervez Musharraf has told the BBC. Gen Musharraf said the intelligence services had their strongest indication about the al-Qaeda leader's whereabouts eight to 10 months ago.

Pakistan jails doctor who helped CIA find Bin Laden

Shakil Afridi was charged with treason and tried under the tribal justice system for running a fake vaccination programme to gather information. The US state department said there was "no basis" for the charges, but declined to make a specific comment on the doctor's sentence.

Pakistan library named 'Bin Laden' in Islamic school

An Islamic seminary for women in Pakistan's capital Islamabad has renamed its library after Osama Bin Laden, the former al-Qaeda chief. The Jamia Hafsa Madrassa is linked to the Red Mosque, known for its alleged links with militants.

Peter King queries Bin Laden film White House access

A senior Republican has called for an inquiry into reports the White House fed secrets about the killing of Osama Bin Laden to Hollywood film-makers.

Probe into 'Bin Laden death' leak

President Jacques Chirac has ordered an inquiry into the leak of a French secret service memo claiming that Osama Bin Laden had died. Mr Chirac told reporters he was surprised the memo had been leaked, and refused to comment on the claim itself.

Seymour Hersh: US version of Bin Laden raid is 'full of lies'

The charges are explosive - and cut against a heroic narrative that defined, in part, arguably the greatest foreign policy success of President Barack Obama's first term in office.

Should photos of Bin Laden's corpse be released?

President Barack Obama has announced he will not release photos that show Osama Bin Laden with a bullet hole in his head, but a heated debate in the US about whether they should be publicly shown goes on.

Spanish MP's photo used for Osama Bin Laden poster

A Spanish politician has said he was shocked to find out the FBI had used his photo for a digitally-altered image showing how Osama Bin Laden might look.Gaspar Llamazares said he would no longer feel safe travelling to the US after his hair and parts of his face appeared on a most-wanted poster.

The al-Qaeda job application form

Fed up with your current job? Feel you're not properly challenged? Bored of the 9-5 routine? Al-Qaeda has a job vacancy for you.

The Bin Laden danger in all countries

It might have been wiser for President Obama not to have announced the death of Osama Bin Laden so triumphantly but to have let the news leak out from “official sources” in the Pentagon, or from the Pakistan government, or even from Al Qaeda itself.

The Bin Laden family on the run

The Bin Laden letters released on Thursday provide an insight into the workings of the mind of the slain al-Qaeda chief, but they reveal precious little about his family life during the years in hiding in Pakistan.

The Cost of Bin Laden: $3 Trillion Over 15 Years

As we mark Osama bin Laden's death, what's striking is how much he cost our nation--and how little we've gained from our fight against him. The most expensive public enemy in American history died Sunday from two bullets.

The Magic of Bin Laden

Most people hate and fear Osama Bin Laden. He is accused of being a mass murderer and an enemy of free people. That being said, the man is an amazing magician. He is undeniably, the most talented of all of the illusionists of today and for that matter, any day. Don't believe me? Read on.

The school that says Osama Bin Laden was a hero

A hardline cleric in Pakistan is teaching the ideas of Osama Bin Laden in religious schools for about 5,000 children.

Timeline: The search for Bin Laden

Since the 11 September 2001 attacks, a number of video tapes, audio recordings, faxes and other statements have been attributed to Osama Bin Laden. But although the US has hunted the al-Qaeda leader using satellite tracking systems and sophisticated spying systems, Bin Laden remains at large.

US probes Afghanistan special forces helicopter crash

The US military is trying to confirm whether insurgent fire brought down a helicopter in Afghanistan with the loss of 38 people, most of them Americans. The dead included Navy Seals, Afghan commandos, US Air Force personnel, a dog handler, the Chinook crew and a civilian interpreter.

Bin Laden 'focused on US to the end', papers show

In his final years, Osama Bin Laden urged his followers to remain focused on attacking the US, newly released documents show. US officials have published a trove of files found at his Pakistan hideout the night the al-Qaeda chief was killed.

Osama Bin Laden killing: US Navy Seals row over shooting

Ex-Navy Seal Robert O'Neill, 38, has told the Washington Post in an interview that he fired the fatal shot. This contradicts the account of Matt Bissonnette, another former Seal involved in the raid, in a 2012 book.

US special forces Afghan helicopter downed 'by Taliban'

Thirty US troops, said to be mostly special forces, have been killed, reportedly when a Taliban rocket downed their helicopter in east Afghanistan. Seven Afghan commandos and a civilian interpreter were also on the Chinook, officials say.

Viewpoint: What is Osama Bin Laden's place in history?

The death of Osama Bin Laden has dominated headlines across the world, but how will history remember him? Historian Michael Burleigh gives his view.

Was 'Bin Laden doctor' Shakil Afridi an unsuspecting pawn?

The Pakistani doctor who allegedly used a fake hepatitis B vaccination campaign to obtain DNA samples of Osama Bin Laden's family in Abbottabad a year ago may have become an unsuspecting pawn in the intelligence war between the United States and Pakistan.

What was in Osama Bin Laden's tape collection?

After the US invasion of Afghanistan in 2001, Osama Bin Laden was forced to flee the city of Kandahar, where he had been based since 1997. Several compounds were hastily vacated, including one, opposite the Taliban foreign ministry, where al-Qaeda bigwigs met.

What was life like in the Bin Laden compound?

As media access to the site has widened, more neighbours have divulged details about their interactions with the mysterious inhabitants of the fortified "mansion" in their midst.

What was on Osama Bin Laden's bookshelf?

Osama Bin Laden was a fan of 9/11 conspiracy theories, according to a newly released list of English language books found in his Pakistan hideout. The list was among documents belonging to the former al-Qaeda chief published by the US government this week.

Will Osama Bin Laden continue to haunt the US?

The death of Osama Bin Laden is a key moment in the history of the radical Islamist movement he spearheaded. But could he prove as dangerous dead as he was alive? Osama Bin Laden predicted he would never be captured alive - and that countless others would follow in his footsteps once he was gone.

Zarqawi 'shows Bin Laden loyalty'

A statement has appeared on an internet website used by a militant Islamic group in Iraq, declaring allegiance to al-Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden. The group, Tawhid and Jihad, is led by Jordanian Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.

Wheatfield with Crows

Wheatfield with Crows is a July 1890 painting by Vincent van Gogh. It has been cited by several critics as one of his greatest works.[1][2] It is commonly stated that this was van Gogh's final painting.

The burning scar: Inside the destruction of Asia’s last rainforests

A Korean palm oil giant has been buying up swathes of Asia's largest remaining rainforests. A visual investigation published today suggests fires have been deliberately set on the land. Petrus Kinggo walks through the thick lowland rainforest in the Boven Digoel Regency.

The young Norwegians taking their own country to court over oil

Despite Norway's green credentials, its infamous state wealth is due to its huge oil exports. This week, Norwegian youths are challenging what they describe as a double standard, in court. In the Barents Sea in June, the sun is still shining at 2am.

Turkmenistan leader unveils giant gold dog statue

Turkmenistan's president has bestowed his favourite dog breed with the highest honour - a giant golden statue. Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov unveiled the 19ft (6m) statue of the Alabay dog in the capital Ashgabat on Tuesday.

Tigray crisis: Why there are fears of civil war in Ethiopia

The federal government in Ethiopia has vowed to continue a military offensive in the northern Tigray region despite international calls for restraint.

Elke Roex

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. Elke Roex, née le 29 juin 1974 à Uccle est une femme politique belge flamande, membre du Sp.a.

Elke Roex

Elke Roex (born 29 June 1974) is a Belgian, Flemish politician and member of the Flemish Parliament for the Socialist Party – Different (Dutch: Socialistische Partij – Anders) (SP.A) since 2004 and a member of the City Council of Anderlecht.

Elke Roex

Elke Roex (Ukkel, 29 juni 1974) is een Belgische politica voor de sp.a in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest. Elke Roex is opgegroeid in Anderlecht en woont er nu nog steeds.

Covid vaccine: Pfizer says it's '94% effective in over 65s'

The coronavirus vaccine developed by Pfizer and BioNTech appears to protect 94% of adults over 65 years old. More data released from their ongoing phase three trial suggests it works equally well in people of all ages, races and ethnicities.

Covid: Second lockdown 'will deepen sex work crisis'

The second national lockdown is going to push sex workers "even deeper into crisis", according to a campaign group. The English Collective of Prostitutes (ECP) has called for state support for workers in the coronavirus pandemic.

Charles Darwin’s hunch about early life was probably right

Charles Darwin had some rather good ideas. His most famous is the theory of evolution by natural selection, which explains much of what we know about life on Earth. But he also pondered many other questions.

Capela dos Ossos

The Capela dos Ossos (English: Chapel of Bones) is one of the best known monuments in Évora, Portugal. It is a small interior chapel located next to the entrance of the Church of St. Francis. The Chapel gets its name because the interior walls are covered and decorated with human skulls and bones.

Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love

Bordoni's husband and Paris producer Ray Goetz convinced Porter to give Broadway another try with this show.

The theremin: The strangest instrument ever invented?

The theremin sometimes seems like an instrument from Earth’s future or another world. Its music seems conjured from nothing, notes and tones teased and manipulated by hypnotic movements of hand and fingers through air. Meet the only musical instrument controlled entirely without physical contact.

Moderna: Covid vaccine shows nearly 95% protection

The results come hot on the heels of similar results from Pfizer, and add to growing confidence that vaccines can help end the pandemic. Both companies used a highly innovative and experimental approach to designing their vaccines.

Most statin problems caused by mysterious 'nocebo effect', study suggests

Most of the debilitating effects of statins are not caused by the drug, but by people believing it will make them sick, a UK study suggests. The phenomenon is known as the "nocebo effect" and may account for 90% of the ill health associated with the cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Anthony Judge

Anthony Judge, (Port Said, 21 January 1940) is mainly known for his career at the Union of International Associations (UIA), where he has been Director of Communications and Research, as well as Assistant Secretary-General.

Space cadets taken in by TV hoax

Three contestants have spoken of their disbelief after being fooled into thinking they went into space for the UK reality show Space Cadets. The three believed they had blasted off from a cosmonaut training camp in Russia, but were in fact in a fake spaceship in a warehouse in Suffolk.

Voyage to study plastic 'island'

The second of two research ships bound for a huge "island" of plastic debris in the Pacific Ocean leaves San Francisco today. Ocean currents have pushed the refuse together in an area estimated to be larger than the State of Texas.

Freak waves spotted from space

The shady phenomenon of freak waves as tall as 10 storey buildings has finally been proved, the European Space Agency (Esa) said on Wednesday. Sailors often whisper of monster waves when ships sink mysteriously but, until now, no one quite believed them.

Huge waves eroding British coast

Storm waves over 20m high are getting bigger, more frequent and eroding Britain's Atlantic coast, experts say. The waves rip huge boulders from cliff faces and sweep them up to 50m inland in exposed areas such as Shetland, Orkney and the Western Isles.

Plastic particles found in bottled water

Tests on major brands of bottled water have found that nearly all of them contained tiny particles of plastic. In the largest investigation of its kind, 250 bottles bought in nine different countries were examined.

Friendly Floatees

Friendly Floatees[clarification needed] are plastic bath toys marketed by The First Years, Inc. and made famous by the work of Curtis Ebbesmeyer, an oceanographer who models ocean currents on the basis of flotsam movements.

The Cornish beaches where Lego keeps washing up

A container filled with millions of Lego pieces fell into the sea off Cornwall in 1997. But instead of remaining at the bottom of the ocean, they are still washing up on Cornish beaches today - offering an insight into the mysterious world of oceans and tides.

Thousands of rubber ducks to land on British shores after 15 year journey

The armada of 29,000 plastic yellow ducks, blue turtles and green frogs broke free from a cargo ship 15 years ago. Since then they have travelled 17,000 miles, floating over the site where the Titanic sank, landing in Hawaii and even spending years frozen in an Arctic ice pack.

Drifting rubber duckies chart oceans of plastic

Theirs is an epic tale of resilience and pluck, a seafarer's yarn of high-seas adventure that has seen them brave some of the world's wildest waters in their 11-year odyssey from the Pacific Ocean toward landfall in Europe.

Can the oceans be cleared of floating plastic rubbish?

Scientists are investigating ways of dealing with the millions of tonnes of floating plastic rubbish that is accumulating in our oceans. They are a quirk of ocean currents - a naturally created vortex known as a gyre - where floating rubbish tends to accumulate.

Path of tsunami debris mapped out

Almost a year after the Japanese Tohoku earthquake and mega-tsunami, the Pacific Ocean is still dealing with the consequences of the catastrophe. Most of it headed eastwards, according to modelling work by the Hawaii-based International Pacific Research Center.

Ducks' odyssey nears end

A consignment of thousands of rubber ducks is expected to wash up any day on the coast of New England - after more than a decade at sea.

The Latest News and Pictures from the World of Toys

AVON, Mass. -- July 14, 2003 -- It's a boat, it's a buoy, it's a... RUBBER DUCK?! Beachgoers in New England may be spotting more than shells on the shore this summer. Any day now, a flock of rubber ducks could waddle their way onto area beaches. The ducks have had a long journey.

Duckies now call the ocean their bathtub

Add articles to your saved list and come back to them any time.

Things That Float : Plastic Duckies

Plastic duckies, often referred to as "rubber duckies" in the press, have been floating in the ocean ever since 1992 when they were liberated from a container which was lost from a ship due to high seas. The process is closely monitored by Dr. Curtis Ebbesmeyer.

Boat made of plastic bottles sets sail across Pacific

A boat made of 12,000 plastic bottles has set sail on a voyage from San Francisco to Sydney to spread awareness about pollution in the world's oceans.Environmentalist and banking heir David De Rothschild and a crew set out on the appropriately named Plastiki catamaran.

Study measures Atlantic plastic accumulation

US researchers, writing in Science, suggest the volume of plastic appeared to have peaked in recent years. One reason could be tighter marine pollution rules that prevent vessels dumping their waste at sea.

Gulf Stream 'is not slowing down'

The Gulf Stream does not appear to be slowing down, say US scientists who have used satellites to monitor tell-tale changes in the height of the sea. Confirming work by other scientists using different methodologies, they found dramatic short-term variability but no longer-term trend.

The great teddy bear shipwreck mystery

In 1903, 3,000 teddy bears were sent by ship from Germany to America only for them to disappear. Some claim the bears were the first ever made and would now be the most valuable in the world. So what happened to them?

Great Pacific garbage patch

The Great Pacific garbage patch, also described as the Pacific trash vortex, is a gyre of marine debris particles in the north central Pacific Ocean. It is located roughly from 135°W to 155°W and 35°N to 42°N.

Plastic fibre a 'major pollutant'

Tiny pieces of plastic and man-made fibres are causing contamination of the world's oceans and beaches, the journal Science has reported. Even remote and apparently pristine layers of sand and mud are now composed partly of this microscopic rubbish, broken down from discarded waste.

Rubbish menaces Antarctic species

Around Antarctica, the total amount of debris is low, but the proportion of it due to humans is very high. The continent could be at particular risk from alien species floating in because of a double threat from global warming and a lack of alternative habitats for many of its species.

30,000 trainers floating in the Pacific ocean

Curtis Ebbesmeyer is an oceanographer who tracks currents in the sea by studying what gets washed up where. He's calculated the trainers moved more than 450 miles in a month - up to 18 miles a day.

Deep sea fish 'mystery migration' across Pacific Ocean

Deep sea fish species found in the north Pacific Ocean have mysteriously been caught in the southwest Atlantic, on the other side of the world. It is unclear how the animals, a giant rattail grenadier, pelagic eelpout and deep sea squid, travelled so far.

Trainers bonanza from cargo wreck

Thousands of sports shoes have been washed up on a Dutch island after a ship lost some of its containers in heavy weather. Residents of Terschelling island rushed to get the trainers, but were faced with having to search for shoes that matched in size and design.

Follow that microlight: Birds learn to migrate

And surveying the scene, it is easy to see why. We are in a playing field, in a small village in Austria, close to the Slovenian border.

Covid vaccine: First vaccine offers 90% protection

The first coronavirus vaccine can prevent more than 90% of people from getting Covid-19, a preliminary analysis shows. The developers - Pfizer and BioNTech - described it as a "great day for science and humanity".

Why Germans love getting naked in public

After four years of living in Berlin, I’ve learned to embrace Germany’s anything-goes sprit and more casual approach to nudity than where I grew up in the Midwestern US.

Amélie

Amélie (also known as Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain; French pronunciation: ​[lə fabylø destɛ̃ d‿ameli pulɛ̃]; English: The Fabulous Destiny of Amélie Poulain) is a 2001 French romantic comedy film directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet.

Virgin Hyperloop pod transport tests first passenger journeys

Virgin Hyperloop has trialled its first ever journey with passengers, in the desert of Nevada. The futuristic transport concept involves pods inside vacuum tubes carrying passengers at high speeds.

UK fusion experiment used in hunt for clean energy

Mast Upgrade could clear some of the hurdles to delivering clean, limitless energy for the grid. Fusion differs from fission, the technology used by existing nuclear power plants, because it could release vast amounts of energy with little associated radioactivity.

Karel Kryl

Karel Kryl (12. dubna 1944 Kroměříž – 3. března 1994 Mnichov[1], někdy také mylně uváděn Pasov[2]) byl československý písničkář a básník, hlavní představitel československého protikomunistického protestsongu v letech 1963–1989.

Path-based strong component algorithm

In graph theory, the strongly connected components of a directed graph may be found using an algorithm that uses depth-first search in combination with two stacks, one to keep track of the vertices in the current component and the second to keep track of the current search path.

Time complexity

In computer science, the time complexity is the computational complexity that describes the amount of time it takes to run an algorithm.

Strongly connected component

In the mathematical theory of directed graphs, a graph is said to be strongly connected or diconnected if every vertex is reachable from every other vertex.

Directed graph

In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a directed graph (or digraph) is a graph that is a set of vertices connected by edges, where the edges have a direction associated with them.

Cycle (graph theory)

In graph theory, a cycle is a path of edges and vertices wherein a vertex is reachable from itself. There are several different types of cycles, principally a closed walk and a simple cycle; also, e.g., an element of the cycle space of the graph.

Graph theory

In mathematics, graph theory is the study of graphs, which are mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects. A graph in this context is made up of vertices (also called nodes or points) which are connected by edges (also called links or lines).

Rome obelisk prepares for journey home

Italy has begun dismantling an ancient obelisk in preparation for its return to Ethiopia, following a 60-year dispute. The Axum obelisk, which stands in central Rome, was named after the northern Ethiopian city from where it was looted by invading Italian troops in 1937.

Italian cities to fine 'messy' tourists

Tourists in Florence and Venice have been banned from sitting anywhere they like after officials decided that visitors needed to behave with more decorum around their historical sites. From Saturday, Florence and Venice have started fining people who sit down on the steps in front of their churches.

Fulop History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestors of the bearers of the name Fulop were the ancient Britons that inhabited in the hills and Moors of Wales. This surname was derived from the personal name Philip. This name, which was usually Latinized as Philippus, was originally derived from the Greek name Philippos.

What does the Spanish term 'vacilar' really mean?

It has two more "traditional" meanings I can think of:To doubt, to be undecided, to fluctuate: Juan vaciló antes de elegir la camisa. La llama vacilaba entre el amarillo y el azul. Está completamente perdido: cada vez que llega a un cruce vacila.

Rita Panahi

How did he know this in 1999? Genius. https://t.co/mRGaYlLT5I

Pavol Hudák (básnik)

Mgr. Pavol Hudák (* 7. október 1959, Vranov nad Topľou, † 18. január 2011, Poprad) bol slovenský básnik, novinár a publicista. Narodil sa 7. októbra 1959 v obci Vyšný Žipov (okres Vranov nad Topľou).

Pavol Hudák navždy odišiel do básnického neba

POPRAD. Pavol Hudák skonal v utorok na následky náhlej srdcovej príhody vo svojom popradskom byte. Posledná rozlúčka bude v piatok o 14.00 v evanjelickom kostole v Poprade-Spišskej Sobote. Pavol Hudák bol básnik, novinár a publicista.

Básnik Pominuteľnosti

Pavol Hudák je prvým blízkym priateľom, ktorého som pochoval. Pochoval som už niekoľko členov rodiny, ale kamaráta doteraz žiadneho. Príde mi celkom príznačné, že je to práve on, kto sa na toto prvenstvo podujal.

Should astronauts abandon the space station?

At 6.50am GMT on the morning of 20 November 1998, I was crouching behind a rock in the bitter cold of the Kazakh Steppe clutching a mobile phone to my ear. The snow-dusted ground blended into the grey of the sky.

Czechoslovakia

"Czechoslovak" redirects here. For other uses, see Czechoslovak (disambiguation).

How solitude and isolation can affect your social skills

Neil Ansell became a hermit entirely by accident. Back in the 1980s, he was living in a squat in London with 20 other people. Then someone made him an offer he couldn’t refuse: a cottage in the Welsh mountains, with rent of just £100 ($130) per year.

Secrets of the 'uncrushable' beetle revealed

The diabolical ironclad beetle is one tough critter, as its name might suggest. Equipped with super-tough body armour, the insect can survive being stamped on or even run over by a car.

Viral photo sparks concerns about Indonesia's 'Jurassic Park'

image copyrightSave Komodo NowA photo of a Komodo dragon facing a truck has raised concerns about a "Jurassic Park" attraction being built on an Indonesian island.The multi-million dollar site is part of the government's plans to overhaul tourism in Komodo National Park.

Climate change: You've got cheap data, how about cheap power too?

You're probably reading this on your phone. If not, take it out your pocket and look at it. It's a smartphone, isn't it? Think how often you use it and all the useful things it helps you do. Now, think back. How long since you bought your first smartphone?

Lily Allen: 'Women masturbating in a relationship isn't wrong'

Except Lily Allen isn't talking about being hungry or indeed toast. She's talking about masturbation - and why she thinks women are still judged for enjoying "self-love".

Argo: The true story behind Ben Affleck's Globe-winning film

Ben Affleck's film Argo tells the bizarre story of how in 1980 the CIA - with Canadian help - sprang a group of Americans from Iran after they escaped a US embassy overrun by protestors.

Water on the Moon could sustain a lunar base

Having dropped tantalising hints days ago about an "exciting new discovery about the Moon", the US space agency has revealed conclusive evidence of water on our only natural satellite. This "unambiguous detection of molecular water" will boost Nasa's hopes of establishing a lunar base.

Osiris-Rex: Nasa probe risks losing asteroid sample after door jams

image copyrightReutersA Nasa probe sent to collect rock from an asteroid several hundred million kilometres from Earth has grabbed so much that samples are spilling out.

Why humans have evolved to drink milk

Dairy milk has competition. Alternative “milks” made from plants like soya or almonds are increasingly popular. These alternatives are often vegan-friendly and can be suitable for people who are allergic to milk, or intolerant of it.

Covid: Why is coronavirus such a threat?

We have faced viral threats before, including pandemics, yet the world does not shut down for every new infection or flu season. So what is it about this coronavirus? What are the quirks of its biology that pose a unique threat to our bodies and our lives?

Fake naked photos of thousands of women shared online

image copyrightGetty ImagesFaked nude images of more than 100,000 women have been created from social media pictures and shared online, according to a new report Clothes are digitally removed from pictures of women by Artificial Technology (AI), and spread on the messaging app Telegram.

It's the end of the world, and the BBC feels fine

Earlier this month we covered the revelation that Ted Turner, founder of the news channel CNN, ordered a sign-off video ready to air in case the apocalypse were nigh. His pick? Rather pedestrian footage of a US Army band playing Nearer My God to Thee.

Battle of Waterloo

The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in Belgium, part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands at the time.

Battle of Waterloo reenactment

The Battle of Waterloo reenactment is an annual modern recreation of the 19th century Battle of Waterloo on the original battlefield in Waterloo, Belgium. It is held every June on the weekend nearest to the historic date of the Battle of Waterloo (18 June 1815).

The grim fate that could be ‘worse than extinction’

What would totalitarian governments of the past have looked like if they were never defeated? The Nazis operated with 20th Century technology and it still took a world war to stop them.

PMI-80

The PMI-80 was a single-board microcomputer produced by Tesla Piešťany, Czechoslovakia, since 1982. It was based on the MHB 8080A CPU (a Tesla clone of the Intel 8080), clocked at 1.111 MHz.

PMD 85

The PMD 85 was an 8-bit personal computer produced from 1985 by the companies Tesla Piešťany and Bratislava in the former Czechoslovakia. They were deployed en masse in schools throughout Slovakia, while the IQ 151 performed a similar role in Czech part of the country.

ZX Spectrum

The ZX Spectrum (UK: /zɛd ɛks ˈspɛktrəm/) is an 8-bit personal home computer released in the United Kingdom in 1982 by Sinclair Research. The Spectrum was among the first mainstream-audience home computers in the UK, similar in significance to the Commodore 64 in the US.

Rosetta: Battery will limit life of Philae comet lander

After a historic but awkward comet landing, the robot probe Philae is now stable and sending pictures - but there are concerns about its battery life. The lander bounced twice, initially about 1km back out into space, before settling in the shadow of a cliff, 1km from its intended target site.

Rosetta mission: Philae comet lander pictures its target

The Philae robot, soon to try to land on Comet 67P, has taken another dramatic image of its quarry. The picture is very similar to the one it acquired in mid-September - only this one is much closer, snapped from a distance of just 16km.

Philae: Lost comet lander is found

Europe's comet lander Philae has been found. The little robot is visible in new images downloaded from the Rosetta probe in orbit around the icy dirt-ball 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

Philae comet landing 'all a blur'

An image has been released that shows the hairy moment that the Philae comet lander bounced back into space. The robot touched down on 4km-wide 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in November, but not before rebounding twice.

Philae comet lander: The plucky robot is back

When Philae first sent back images of its landing location on Comet 67P, researchers could see it was in a dark ditch. The Sun was obscured by a high wall, limiting the amount of light that could reach the robot's solar panels.

Philae comet lander: Sleep well little probe

European Space Agency controllers will not give up on Philae. They will continue to listen for the little probe in the days ahead, hopeful that it will somehow become active again.

Philae comet lander wakes up, says European Space Agency

The European Space Agency (Esa) says its comet lander, Philae, has woken up and contacted Earth. Philae, the first spacecraft to land on a comet, was dropped on to the surface of Comet 67P by its mothership, Rosetta, last November.

Philae comet lander sends more data before losing power

The Philae lander on the distant comet 67P has sent another stream of data back to Earth before losing power. The little probe delivered everything expected from it, just as its failing battery dropped it into standby mode.

Philae comet lander falls silent

The Philae comet lander has fallen silent, according to scientists working on the European Rosetta mission. The fridge-sized spacecraft, which landed on Comet 67P in November, last made contact on 9 July.

Philae (spacecraft)

Philae (/ˈfaɪliː/[6] or /ˈfiːleɪ/[7]) is a robotic European Space Agency lander that accompanied the Rosetta spacecraft[8][9] until it separated to land on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko, ten years and eight months after departing Earth.

Egyptian Philae obelisk revealed anew

Fresh information is being obtained on the Philae obelisk, the stone monument that played such a key role in helping to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs. Today, the pink granite shaft stands on the UK National Trust's Kingston Lacy estate in Dorset, where it was brought from the Nile in the 1820s.

Controllers wait on Philae link

No new signals have been picked up from the Philae comet lander since a brief radio contact on Sunday. European Space Agency (Esa) controllers listened again on Tuesday night but heard nothing.

Controllers now banking on Philae wake-up call

The European Space Agency (Esa) says it will conduct no more dedicated searches for its lost comet lander. The Philae probe made its historic touchdown on the 4km-wide "icy dirtball" 67P in November, but rapidly went silent when its battery ran flat.

Comet robot Philae phones home again

Europe's comet lander has again been in touch with Earth. The Philae probe made three short contacts of about 10 seconds each at roughly 2130 GMT on Sunday.

Comet landing: Where next for Philae mission?

The big day has been and gone. Little Philae bounced to a stop on the surface of an ancient wanderer and fell into a slumber.

Comet landing: UK team's data bonanza from Philae

UK Researchers received "rich" data from the Philae lander just before its power died. Scientists say they detected what might be complex carbon compounds on the surface of the comet the craft landed on two weeks ago.

Comet landing: Organic molecules detected by Philae

The Philae lander has detected organic molecules on the surface of its comet, scientists have confirmed. Carbon-containing "organics" are the basis of life on Earth and may give clues to chemical ingredients delivered to our planet early in its history.

Comet lander: Future of Philae probe 'uncertain'

The Philae lander has attempted to drill into the surface of Comet 67P, amid fears that its battery may die within hours. The European Space Agency (Esa) says the instrument is being deployed to its maximum extent, despite the risk of toppling the lander.

Comet lander: First pictures of Philae 'bounce' released

Images of the Philae probe moments after its initial touchdown have been published by the European Space Agency. There was a nerve-wracking wait after the 100kg lander re-bounded 1km back into space following its first contact with Comet 67P.

Comet lander Philae renews contact

Europe's Philae comet lander has been back in touch with Earth - its first contact since Sunday night (GMT). The communication was relayed by its mothership Rosetta, which is in orbit around the 4km-wide icy dirt-ball known as 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

'Best candidates' for lost Philae comet lander

The European Space Agency (Esa) has released some pictures that may include its lost comet lander, Philae. Whether that really is the case is far from certain, however.

Philae comet lander eludes discovery

Efforts to find Europe's lost comet lander, Philae, have come up blank. The most recent imaging search by the overflying Rosetta "mothership" can find no trace of the probe.

Comet lander: Camera sees Philae's hairy landing

High-resolution pictures have now been released of the Philae probe in the act of landing on Comet 67P last Wednesday. They were acquired by the Narrow Angle Camera on the Rosetta satellite, which had dropped the little robot towards the surface of the "ice mountain".

Tomáš Fülöpp

Philae Lander awakening from slumber on comet 67P as Sun's rays finally reach into the hole it fell in? @Philae2014 http://t.co/8vLppEv9xa

Tomáš Fülöpp

Philae Lander sits in a shadow on comet 67P with an empty battery. How feasible is it be to recharge @Philae2014 using a laser from Earth?

'Super' material raises hope of energy revolution

Scientists have found the first material that displays a much sought-after property at room temperature. It is superconducting, which means electrical current flows through it with perfect efficiency - with no energy wasted as heat.

Heineken fined for forcing pubs to stock too many of its beers

Heineken's pubs business has been fined £2m by the industry watchdog after forcing tenants to sell "unreasonable levels" of its own beers and ciders. The Pubs Code Adjudicator penalised Star Pubs and Bars after finding it "seriously and repeatedly" breached rules over nearly three years.

The subtle ways language shapes us

Every Wednesday evening for the last year, I have been relearning Hindi, my third language after Bengali and English. Although it’s been wonderful to feel more connected to my culture, I’ve been surprised and somewhat disappointed to discover the gendered structure of my mother tongue.

Buried lakes of liquid water discovered on Mars

Three new underground lakes have been detected near the south pole of Mars. Scientists also confirmed the existence of a fourth lake - the presence of which was hinted at in 2018.

The case for crying in public

When Theresa May announced in Downing Street that she would be standing down as British Prime Minister, it was her visible struggle to hold back tears that most captured the world’s headlines.

How to be more efficient: stop ‘precrastinating’

Putting off important jobs until the last moment, procrastination, is a well-known behaviour, but ‘precrastination’ can be just as dangerous.

What the future of conferences could look like

In mid-March, the 2020 PROMAX Europe conference was due to take place in Madrid, right as Spain locked down its entire country. As virus cases climbed, the annual entertainment-marketing conference - with its 500 attendees, 300 hotel rooms and £400,000 ($524,000) cost - was put on hold.

M87*: History-making supermassive black hole seen to do a shimmy

When scientists presented the first ever picture of a black hole last year, it was hailed as an extraordinary breakthrough. Well, now they've reassessed some of the image data that was acquired in the years running up to that historic snapshot.

20 km of Brussels

The 20 km of Brussels (French: 20 km de Bruxelles, Dutch: 20 km door Brussel) is a 20.1 km running race that has been held each year in Brussels since 1980, usually in May.

Six African heritage sites under threat from climate change

image copyrightGetty ImagesFrom rock art in southern Africa to pyramids along the River Nile, humans have been leaving their mark across the continent for millennia.

Expo 2000

Expo 2000 was a World's Fair held in Hanover, Germany from Thursday 1 June to Tuesday 31 October 2000. It was located on the Hanover fairground (Messegelände Hannover), which is the largest exhibition ground in the world.

John Lennon killer says sorry for 'despicable act'

Mark Chapman, the man who killed John Lennon, has apologised to the late Beatle's widow, Yoko Ono, 40 years after his death. Chapman shot Lennon four times outside his New York Manhattan apartment as Ono looked on, in 1980.

Emil Venkov, sculptor of Fremont’s Vladimir Lenin statue, dies in Slovakia

Emil Venkov, the Bulgarian sculptor who created the statue of Vladimir Lenin that presides over Fremont, died on June 9 at the age of 79, according to his son Ivan.

Statue of Lenin (Seattle)

The Statue of Lenin in Seattle is a 16 ft (5 m) bronze sculpture of Communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, by Bulgarian sculptor Emil Venkov. It was completed and put on display in Communist Czechoslovakia in 1988, the year before the Velvet Revolution of 1989.

Five Lenin statues in unexpected places

The smashing of a statue of Lenin in Kiev by protesters leaves the city without a monument to the leader of the 1917 Revolution - but there are plenty left elsewhere. Here are five.

Why you should read this out loud

For much of history, reading was a fairly noisy activity. On clay tablets written in ancient Iraq and Syria some 4,000 years ago, the commonly used words for “to read” literally meant “to cry out” or “to listen”. “I am sending a very urgent message,” says one letter from this period.

The fine line between art and pornography

At the time the Black Lives Matter campaign in the UK was drawing the national spotlight to the statues of slave traders, another activist was highlighting the way women are represented in civic statuary.

The rise of the Swedish cyborgs

Darkness had fallen over Stockholm as a group of eight people entered Swahili Bobs, a tattoo parlour in the dark alleys of Sodermalm. By day there were tech entrepreneurs, students, web designers and IT consultants - but that night they were going to be transformed into cyborgs.

The Cold War spy technology which we all use

Moscow, 4 August, 1945. The European chapter of World War Two was over, and the US and the USSR were pondering their future relationship.

How Covid-19 can damage the brain

For Julie Helms, it started with a handful of patients admitted to her intensive care unit at Strasbourg University Hospital in northeast France in early March 2020. Within days, every single patient in the ICU had Covid-19 – and it was not just their breathing difficulties that alarmed her.

Why ‘flight shame’ is making people swap planes for trains

The flight shame movement is about feeling accountable for your carbon footprint - but it is also about rediscovering the joy of slow travel, writes Jocelyn Timperley.* This story is featured in BBC Future’s “Best of 2019” collection. Discover more of our picks.

What’s left of New York’s Dutch past?

When his children were at preschool in Hackensack, New Jersey, building restorer and historian Tim Adriance taught them a simple nursery rhyme.

US meteorite adds to origins mystery

In January 2018, a falling meteorite created a bright fireball that arced over the outskirts of Detroit, Michigan, followed by loud sonic booms. The visitor not only dropped a slew of meteorites over the snow-covered ground, it also provided information about its extra-terrestrial source.

The origin of the world’s first travel blog

Outside Havana’s Hotel Nacional, the city is jubilant: this Spanish-founded port is in the midst of celebrating its 500th anniversary. Vintage Bel-Airs and Buick convertibles ply the roads, painted in gumdrop colours.

How game theory can help to give your love life a boost

How do you go about finding “the one” – or, at least, the “next one” – in today’s dating world? And once you’ve met someone interesting, how do you decide whether you should commit to a monogamous partnership… or keep your options open?

Gadhimai: Nepal's animal sacrifice festival goes ahead despite 'ban'

Less than five years ago, animal charities heralded the end of animal sacrifice at a religious festival dubbed "the world's bloodiest". But on Tuesday, the Gadhimai festival began with the killing of a goat, rat, chicken, pig and pigeon.

Israel's borders explained in maps

More than 70 years after Israel declared statehood, its borders are yet to be entirely settled. Wars, treaties and occupation mean the shape of the Jewish state has changed over time, and in parts is still undefined.Here is a series of maps explaining why.

Maids Moreton: Ben Field thought he would 'get away with it'

As Ben Field sat in the back of a police van after his arrest, he said: "I think I will get away with most of it." He had seduced two lonely neighbours - murdering one and defrauding the other - but now faces life in prison.

Do apostrophes still matter?

A man who led the war on improper use of apostrophes now admits defeat, saying his grammar vigilante campaign has been brought to an end by a culture of carelessness. So what now? The battle is over, bad grammar (as in the sign above) has won.

Japan ninja student gets top marks for writing essay in invisible ink

Eimi Haga followed the ninja technique of "aburidashi", spending hours soaking and crushing soybeans to make the ink. The words appeared when her professor heated the paper over his gas stove.

Could relatives of measles virus jump from animals to us?

We've seen recent spikes in measles infections. Some European countries, including the UK, lost their measles-free status and many developing countries, especially parts of Africa, Asia and Oceania are seeing frequent outbreaks.

Can drinking red wine ever be good for us?

We’ve been led to believe that an occasional glass of wine might be better than abstaining from alcohol altogether, but that might not be the case.Even though alcohol kills millions of people every year, humans have been imbibing for millennia.

Climate change hope for hydrogen fuel

Hydrogen fuel is a relatively green alternative to alternatives that produce greenhouse gases. The natural gas supply at Keele University is being blended with 20% hydrogen in a trial that's of national significance.

This dad took his son to Mongolia just to get him off his phone

How do you get a teen to put down their phone and talk to you? Jamie Clarke went all the way to Mongolia to find out. Riding through a remote valley in Mongolia on the back of his motorbike, adventurer Jamie Clarke let the hum of the engine and the wind echo in his mind while his thoughts wandered.

The 'psychedelics coach' with drug-fuelled career advice

Paul Austin and Matt Gillespie are trying to retrace their steps along a path shrouded by redwood trees.

Audiobooks: The rise and rise of the books you don’t read

Back in 1878, shortly after he had invented the phonograph, Thomas Edison hit upon an idea. Leaning over his new machine one day he recited the words: “Mary had a little lamb. Its fleece was white as snow.

The 106-year history of the dreaded economy airline seat

As millions of travellers take to the skies each year, economy seats continue to shrink. Trace the dreaded airplane seat from its wicker inception to its carbon fibre future.

The 'sorcerer' keeping Mali's marionette tradition alive

The people behind Mali's marionette tradition, which has been used to pass on the folklore and culture of a community, are struggling to survive as the recent insecurity has stopped the vital income that came from visitors, as Clair MacDougall reports from Bamako.

Are authentic accents important in film and TV?

At the ripe old age of 100, Dr Dolittle has been reincarnated in the form of Robert Downey Jr. In the latest screen version of the children’s literature classic, Dolittle, released in the US today, he is also Welsh… or at least Wales-adjacent.

What the earliest life on Earth looked like

When complex life emerged on the ancient Earth, it looked like nothing we would recognise today.At the south-eastern tip of Newfoundland, rugged cliffs rise imposingly above the sea.

Human impact on nature 'dates back millions of years'

The impact of humans on nature has been far greater and longer-lasting than we could ever imagine, according to scientists. Early human ancestors living millions of years ago may have triggered extinctions, even before our species evolved, a study suggests.

Research on postmen's testicle warmth wins Ig Nobel

Research measuring if there is a difference in temperature between the left and right testicles is one of the winners of this year's spoof Nobel prizes. Fertility experts Roger Mieusset and Bourras Bengoudifa measured the temperature of French postmen's testicles, both naked and clothed.

Why do animals like to play?

Say you're walking your dog in the park, when he comes face to snout with another dog. An intricate dance begins, as if each movement was precisely choreographed. The dogs visually inspect each other, sniff each other, walk circles around each other. And then the fight begins.

The weird space that lies outside our Solar System

To mark the end of a turbulent year, we are bringing back some of our favourite stories for BBC Future’s “Best of 2020” collection. Discover more of our picks here. Far from the protective embrace of the Sun, the edge of our Solar System would seem to be a cold, empty, and dark place.

How dating app algorithms predict romantic desire

In one night, Matt Taylor finished Tinder. He ran a script on his computer that automatically swiped right on every profile that fell within his preferences. By the morning, he had swiped through 25,000 people’s profiles.

Exorcism: Vatican course opens doors to 250 priests

The Vatican has opened its doors for its annual exorcism course amid increasing demand among some of the world's Catholic communities.

Panama: Seven people found dead after suspected exorcism

The bodies of seven people have been found in a mass grave in an indigenous area of Panama controlled by a religious sect. The deceased include a pregnant woman and five of her children.

Chinese birth rate falls to lowest since PRC was formed

China's birth rate has fallen to its lowest since the formation of the People's Republic of China 70 years ago - despite the easing of the "one-child policy". The birth rate was 10.48 per thousand in 2019 - the lowest since 1949, the National Bureau of Statistics said.

Russia’s mysterious ‘City of the Dead’

Just outside the remote Russian village of Dargavs lies a medieval necropolis fittingly called the “City of the Dead”.

US presidents and the fuzzy legality of war

President Donald Trump's action and words directed at Iran have led his critics to accuse him of breaking international law. But he's not the first US president to endure this criticism in the theatre of war.

The truth about eating eggs

As many countries urge populations to stay at home, many of us are paying more attention to our diets and how the food we eat can support our health. To help sort out the fact from the fiction, BBC Future is updating some of our most popular nutrition stories from our archive.

The violent attack that turned a man into a maths genius

BBC Future has brought you in-depth and rigorous stories to help you navigate the current pandemic, but we know that’s not all you want to read. So now we’re dedicating a series to help you escape.

Val d'Isere: The doctor who hid a Jewish girl - and the resort that wants to forget

A Jewish teenager avoided death in occupied France thanks to the kindness and bravery of a doctor in a small Alpine resort. But it's a story local people seem reluctant to remember, Rosie Whitehouse discovers.

How to travel by train - and ditch the plane

Many have chosen to reduce their carbon footprint by flying less, or cutting out planes completely. Flygskam - the Swedish word for "flight-shame" - has become commonplace.

Why Google Stadia is a 'leap forward' for gaming, according to its boss

We don't buy DVDs any more and CDs are probably something your parents have on a shelf somewhere. It's also easier to buy video games online than physical copies now, through consoles or PC services like Steam.

Pointless work meetings 'really a form of therapy'

Meetings at work should be seen as a form of "therapy" rather than about decision-making, say researchers. Academics from the University of Malmo in Sweden say meetings provide an outlet for people at work to show off their status or to express frustration.

Cancer immunotherapy drug 'less toxic and prolongs life'

An immunotherapy drug that could save some cancer patients from the ordeal of extreme chemotherapy may also help them live longer, researchers say. In a trial, pembrolizumab kept head and neck cancers at bay for an average of two years - five times longer than under chemotherapy.

From The MIT Press Reader

One of the key findings over the past decades is that our number faculty is deeply rooted in our biological ancestry, and not based on our ability to use language. Considering the multitude of situations in which we humans use numerical information, life without numbers is inconceivable.

The Search for the World’s Simplest Animal

For centuries, scientists have obsessed over a primordial blob that can shape-shift, clone itself, and live indefinitely.

Get ready for the 'holy grail' of computer graphics

Ray tracing has always been the "holy grail" of computer graphics, says Jason Ronald, head of program management for the gaming console Xbox.

German boy, 11, calls police over housework

Police say the boy from Aachen, who has not been identified, spoke to an officer via the 110 number. They say he complained: "I have to work all day long. I haven't any free time."

Coronavirus: How to work from home, the right way

Google, Microsoft, Twitter. Hitachi, Apple, Amazon. Chevron, Salesforce, Spotify. From the UK to the US, Japan to South Korea, these are all global companies that have, in the last few days, rolled out mandatory work-from-home policies amid the spread of Covid-19.

The surprising perks of isolated work

For millions of people worldwide, widespread lockdown has cast isolation as a negative – a loss of group engagement and communal hubbub.

Chang'e-4: Can anyone 'own' the Moon?

Companies are looking at mining the surface of the Moon for precious materials. So what rules are there on humans exploiting and claiming ownership? It's almost 50 years since Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the Moon.

The people solving mysteries during lockdown

For almost half a century, Benedictine monks in Herefordshire dutifully logged the readings of a rain gauge on the grounds of Belmont Abbey, recording the quantity of rain that had fallen each month without fail.

First measurements of 'interstellar comet'

Astronomers are gathering measurements on a presumed interstellar comet, providing clues about its chemical composition. The object, C/2019 Q4 (Borisov), is only the second interstellar object ever identified, after 'Oumuamua, which was spotted in 2017.

John Cage musical work changes chord for first time in seven years

Fans have flocked to a church in Germany to hear a chord change in a musical composition that lasts for 639 years.It is the first change in the piece, As Slow As Possible, in seven years.The work is by the avant-garde American composer, John Cage.

Why can’t some people remember their dreams?

Many of us struggle to remember the details of our dreams. The reasons lie in the complicated cycles of our sleep.I am standing outside my childhood primary school, near the front gates and the teachers’ car park. It is a bright sunny day and I am surrounded by my classmates.

Tales from the far-flung Faroes

When it comes to remote, the Faroe Islands has it all. Tucked between Norway and Iceland, in the dark waters of the North Atlantic, the 18 tiny islands are home to a population of just over 50,000.

Is this the secret of smart leadership?

It’s more than two millennia since the philosopher Socrates argued that humility is the greatest of all virtues. His timeless observation was that the wisest people are the first to admit how little they really know.

A mysterious US desert civilisation

In the heart of the San Juan Basin, in the arid north-western corner of New Mexico, stands one of the greatest ancient treasures in the US: the remarkably preserved remains of a vast building complex believed to have been constructed between 850 and 1250AD that may have housed as many as 5,000 peopl

Is democracy having a mid-life crisis?

Democracy isn't dying, but it is having a very unpredictable mid-life crisis.

Dissatisfaction with democracy 'at record high'

Dissatisfaction with democracy within developed countries is at its highest level in almost 25 years, according to University of Cambridge researchers. Academics have analysed what they say is the biggest global dataset on attitudes towards democracy, based on four million people in 3,500 surveys.

How Richard Feynman went from stirring jelly to a Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize-winning and eccentric physicist Richard Feynman has been called a buffoon and a magician, but is lauded as a man who could make science accessible and interesting for all. When I was a child I desperately wanted to be a scientist, but then it all went wrong.

Epic 7,500-mile cuckoo migration wows scientists

One of the longest migrations recorded by any land bird is about to be completed. Using a satellite tag, scientists have monitored a cuckoo that has just flown more than 7,500 miles (12,000km) from southern Africa to its breeding ground in Mongolia.

Eliud Kipchoge: The man, the methods & controversies behind 'moon-landing moment'

The greatest male distance runner of all time would soon be launching his second attempt at making history - at becoming the first person to run a marathon in under two hours. All his preparations had gone to plan.

New engine tech that could get us to Mars faster

If we're ever to make regular journeys from Earth to Mars and other far-off destinations, we might need new kinds of engines. Engineers are exploring revolutionary new technologies that could help us traverse the Solar System in much less time.

The maths problem that could bring the world to a halt

It’s not easy to accurately predict what humans want and when they will want it. We’re demanding creatures, expecting the world to deliver speedy solutions to our increasingly complex and diverse modern-day problems.

Boy who predicted 2020 world reveals what he got right

In August 1991, an 11-year-old Canadian penned a brief note to his future self. Mitch Brogan got the idea from his late grandfather Charles - to answer a list of 11 predictions and seal them up in an envelope until 1 January, 2020.

Met Office forecasters set for 'billion pound' supercomputer

Ever wondered why your village was suddenly flooded by a thunderstorm the weather forecasters hadn't mentioned? Or why they failed to warn you about the dense fog shrouding your home in the morning?

Google launches hieroglyphics translator powered by AI

Google has launched a hieroglyphics translator that uses machine learning to decode ancient Egyptian language. The feature has been added to its Arts & Culture app. It also allows users to translate their own words and emojis into shareable hieroglyphs.

The strategy that turns daydreams into reality

25th August 2020 Psychologists have found a single habit that sabotages most goals – and the way to correct it.

The challenges of positive parenting

Having a good relationship with our children is important. Research on attachment, for example, shows that the way parents connect to their children has wide-ranging consequences for their mental health, self-control and ability to create meaningful relationships with others.

The people who imagine disasters

It was a gigantic explosion. The blast tore through buildings and machinery, lighting up a huge refinery complex in Denver, Colorado. Gasoline production at the facility shut down for weeks as a result, leading to fuel reserves in Colorado quickly being used up.

Evidence found of epic prehistoric Pacific voyages

New evidence has been found for epic prehistoric voyages between the Americas and eastern Polynesia. DNA analysis suggests there was mixing between Native Americans and Polynesians around AD 1200.

When sexual abuse was called seduction: France confronts its past

An 83-year-old French writer once feted by the Paris intellectual set now finds himself ostracised because of his writings about sex with teenage boys and girls. From the 1960s onwards, Gabriel Matzneff made no secret of his passion for seducing adolescents.

EU-US Privacy Shield for data struck down by court

image copyrightEPAA major agreement governing the transfer of EU citizens' data to the United States has been struck down by the European Court of Justice (ECJ).The EU-US Privacy Shield let companies sign up to higher privacy standards, before transferring data to the US.

New solar power source and storage developed

It couples thin, flexible, lighter solar sheets with energy storage to power buildings or charge vehicles off-grid. The company behind it, Solivus, plans to cover the roofs of large industrial buildings with the solar fabric.

How apps are transforming the way we travel

When does your plane journey begin? When you check in? Once you’ve passed security? After you’ve settled in to your seat and the aircraft doors have closed? For today’s travellers, “expectations are now set by their non-travel experiences.

Breathtaking new map of the X-ray Universe

Behold the hot, energetic Universe. The image records a lot of the violent action in the cosmos - instances where matter is being accelerated, heated and shredded.

Gravitational waves: Numbers don't do them justice

The veteran gravitational wave hunter from Glasgow University has come to the National Press Club in Washington DC to witness the announcement of the first direct detection of ripples in the fabric of space-time caused by the merger of two "intermediate-sized" black holes.

Black holes: Cosmic signal rattles Earth after 7 billion years

Imagine the energy of eight Suns released in an instant. This is the gravitational "shockwave" that spread out from the biggest merger yet observed between two black holes.

Alexei Navalny: Russia opposition leader poisoned with Novichok - Germany

image copyrightReutersThere is "unequivocal proof" that Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny was poisoned with a Novichok nerve agent, Germany has said.Chancellor Angela Merkel said he was a victim of attempted murder and the world would look to Russia for answers.

The nudists spreading coronavirus in a French resort

For many of Europe's naturists, and the tens of thousands of swingers among them, Cap d'Agde has become a traditional summer destination, but a coronavirus outbreak here has shone an uncomfortable light on their alternative lifestyle.

Architect of CIA's 'enhanced interrogation' testifies at Guantánamo tribunal

James Mitchell said he had only agreed to testify there because families of the 9/11 victims were present. Dr Mitchell and fellow psychologist Bruce Jessen developed the controversial interrogation methods, which included waterboarding.

Earth's oldest asteroid impact 'may have ended ice age'

Scientists have identified the world's oldest asteroid crater in Australia, adding it may explain how the planet was lifted from an ice age. The asteroid hit Yarrabubba in Western Australia about 2.2 billion years ago - making the crater about half the age of Earth, researchers say.

Rare rallies in China over Mongolian language curb

Ethnic Mongolians in northern China have staged rare rallies against measures to reduce teaching in the Mongolian language in favour of Chinese. As schools began a new term on Tuesday some parents held children back in protest at the policy.

An atomic marker hidden in plain sight

In the courtyard of a gift shop decorated with colourful ceramic frogs and dragonflies, it’s easy to overlook the historic marker. Perhaps that’s fitting for a secret site.

Will you need an 'immunity passport’ to travel?

The global economy has been severely disrupted by Covid-19, with the virus wreaking particular devastation on the travel industry.

Spain’s mysterious mummies

The Canary Islands’ subtropical climate, aquamarine waters and otherworldly volcanic and desert landscapes led more than 15 million people to visit the archipelago last year.

Auschwitz: How death camp became centre of Nazi Holocaust

On 27 January 1945, Soviet troops cautiously entered Auschwitz. Primo Levi - one of the most famous survivors - was lying in a camp hospital with scarlet fever when the liberators arrived.

The surprising benefits of being blinded by love

As a child of the 1990s, my mind turned to Chandler Bing several times while writing this article. His inability to be annoyed by Janice’s laugh in Friends is, I think, a very good analogy for the idea that we can be blinded by love.

Europe pushes ahead with 'dune buggy' Mars rover

The European Space Agency is moving rapidly to develop its next Mars rover. It already has one vehicle set to go to the Red Planet in 2022, but is now pushing ahead with a second robot, which will depart in 2026.

Coronavirus: 'I run lockdown marathons in the dead of night'

Lockdown guidance on exercising for people in England will loosen on Wednesday. But Colin Johnstone is among those runners who have not allowed their strict exercise regimes to slip, even if it means going out in the middle of the night.

Gedhun Choekyi Niyima: Tibetan Buddhism's 'reincarnated' leader who disappeared aged six

There is only one photograph in circulation of the Tibetan Gedhun Choekyi Niyima, one of the world's most famous "disappeared" persons. It is little more than a snapshot, taken when he was just six years old. It shows a boy with rosy cheeks and an impassive look on his face.

Is the future of travel underwater?

Despite being a reasonably experienced scuba diver, I had never seen a “bommie”, something Heron Island in the Great Barrier Reef is famous for. A couple of years ago, the chance to see one of these shaggy column-like mounds of coral finally took me there.

Betelgeuse: Nearby 'supernova' star's dimming explained

Astronomers say big cool patches on a "supergiant" star close to Earth were behind its surprise dimming last year. Red giant stars like Betelgeuse frequently undergo changes in brightness, but the drop to 40% of its normal value between October 2019 and April 2020 surprised astronomers.

Has humanity reached ‘peak intelligence’?

You may not have noticed, but we are living in an intellectual golden age. Since the intelligence test was invented more than 100 years ago, our IQ scores have been steadily increasing.

The mystery of why some people become sudden geniuses

This story is featured in BBC Future’s “Best of 2018” collection. Discover more of our picks.  It was the summer of 1860 and Eadweard Muybridge was running low on books. This was somewhat problematic, since he was a bookseller.

Why we have a love-hate relationship with electric scooters

You might have started seeing more of them on streets and in parks, gliding past you with a faint electric hum. As lockdowns lift and people avoid public transport, e-scooters – stand-up, electrically powered scooters – are becoming more popular.

Robotic scientists will 'speed up discovery'

Scientists at the University of Liverpool have unveiled a robotic colleague that has been working non-stop in their lab throughout lockdown. The £100,000 programmable researcher learns from its results to refine its experiments.

Chess Olympiad: India and Russia both get gold after controversial final

India and Russia have been declared joint winners of a major international chess tournament after two Indian players lost their internet connection during the final round. Chess Olympiad is being held online for the first time this year because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Woman arrested for naked video on India's Lakshman Jhula bridge

image copyrightGetty Imagesimage captionThe Lakshman Jhula bridge is a popular site for touristsA French woman has been arrested in India for making a video of herself naked on a sacred bridge in the northern city of Rishikesh.The video, shot on the Lakshman Jhula bridge, was posted on social media.

Nude model's Western Wall photo shoot sparks anger

Marisa Papen posted the image of herself reclining naked on a rooftop overlooking the Western Wall in Jerusalem. The rabbi of the site described the incident as "grave and lamentable".

Solar Orbiter: Closest ever pictures taken of the Sun

New pictures of the Sun taken just 77 million km (48 million miles) from its surface are the closest ever acquired by cameras. They come from the European Space Agency's Solar Orbiter (SolO) probe, which was launched earlier this year.

'My Nigerian great-grandfather sold slaves'

Amid the global debate about race relations, colonialism and slavery, some of the Europeans and Americans who made their fortunes in trading human beings have seen their legacies reassessed, their statues toppled and their names removed from public buildings.

Do more people believe in God in Trump's America?

US Vice-President Mike Pence has said "faith in America is rising once again" - thanks to President Donald Trump. America's religious climate has shifted in recent years, but has it been in the direction Mr Pence suggests?

The preachers getting rich from poor Americans

Televangelist Todd Coontz has a well-worn routine: he dresses in a suit, pulls out a Bible and urges viewers to pledge a very specific amount of money. "Don't delay, don't delay," he urges, calmly but emphatically. It sounds simple, absurdly so, but Coontz knows his audience extremely well.

From The Conversation

This article originally appeared on The Conversation, and is republished under a Creative Commons licence. “I’m sorry, Dave. I’m afraid I can’t do that.

Mummy returns: Voice of 3,000-year-old Egyptian priest brought to life

Scientists have fulfilled a mummified Egyptian priest's wish for life after death - by replicating his voice with artificial vocal cords.Nesyamun's voice has been reproduced as a vowel-like sound that is reminiscent of a sheep's bleat.

Calls for new inquiry into Belgian police custody tragedy

The wife of a Slovak man who died in Belgian police custody has called for a fresh inquiry after shocking new images of his detention have emerged. Jozef Chovancova was arrested at Charleroi airport in 2018 after causing a disturbance on his flight.

Stonehenge: Neolithic monument found near sacred site

Tests carried out on the pits suggest they were excavated by Neolithic people more than 4,500 years ago. Experts believe the 20 or more shafts may have served as a boundary to a sacred area connected to the henge.

China's Tianwen-1 Mars rover rockets away from Earth

China has launched its first rover mission to Mars. The six-wheeled robot, encapsulated in a protective probe, was lifted off Earth by a Long March 5 rocket from the Wenchang spaceport on Hainan Island at 12:40 local time (04:40 GMT).

Genetic impact of African slave trade revealed in DNA study

image copyrightReutersA major DNA study has shed new light on the fate of millions of Africans who were traded as slaves to the Americas between the 16th and 19th centuries.

The nuclear mistakes that could have ended civilisation

It was the middle of the night on 25 October 1962 and a truck was racing down a runway in Wisconsin. It had just moments to stop a flight. Mere minutes earlier, a guard at Duluth Sector Direction Center had glimpsed a shadowy form attempting to climb the facility’s perimeter fence.

Obesity not defined by weight, says new Canada guideline

Obesity should be defined by a person's health - not just their weight, says a new Canadian clinical guideline. It also advises doctors to go beyond simply recommending diet and exercise.

Katie Mack: 'Knowing how the universe will end is freeing'

Terms like "heat death", "big rip" and "vacuum decay" don't sound all that inviting. And they aren't. They describe a few of the theories scientists have about how our universe will one day die.

Is the US about to split the internet?

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says he wants a "clean" internet. What he means by that is he wants to remove Chinese influence, and Chinese companies, from the internet in the US.

SpaceX: Musk's 'Mars ship' prototype aces 150m test flight

The uncrewed test vehicle rose up on a plume of exhaust before deploying its landing legs and touching down softly. The flight was carried out at SpaceX's test site near the village of Boca Chica in south Texas on Tuesday evening.

Nuclear blast sends star hurtling across galaxy

Instead, it sent the star hurtling through space at 900,000 km/hr. Astronomers think the object, known as a white dwarf, was originally circling another star, which would have been sent flying in the opposite direction.

Beirut blast: Dozens dead and thousands injured, health minister says

A large blast in the Lebanese capital, Beirut, has killed at least 70 people and injured more than 4,000 others, the health minister says.Videos show smoke billowing from a fire, then a mushroom cloud following the blast at the city's port.

Airbus to build 'first interplanetary cargo ship'

Airbus-France will build the huge satellite that brings the first Martian rock samples back to Earth. This material will be drilled on the Red Planet by the US space agency's next rover, Perseverance, before being blasted into orbit by a rocket.

Coronavirus lockdown: Ditching conventional living for a van

When Jennifer McKechnie, a personal trainer from Belfast, was furloughed on 21 March, she decided to use her time in lockdown to fulfil a lifelong goal. Jennifer, an avid skier, had dreamed of one day converting a van or minibus and travelling to the French Alps with her two huskies, Zack and Jake.

The wells bringing hope in the desert

Water has long been at the centre of conflict in the northern regions of Mali, in West Africa. This vast water-scarce area spans 827,000 square kilometres (320,000 square miles) between the Sahara in the north and the Sahel in the south – in total, about two-thirds of the national territory.

The Fosse Dionne: France’s mysterious underground spring

In the heart of France’s idyllic Burgundy region, surrounded by manicured vineyards, fortified Renaissance chateaux and medieval hill towns, sits one of the bucolic area’s most mysterious attractions: a seemingly bottomless spring-fed pit in the small town of Tonnarre known as the Fosse Dionne.

Iter: World's largest nuclear fusion project begins assembly

The world's biggest nuclear fusion project has entered its five-year assembly phase. After this is finished, the facility will be able to start generating the super-hot "plasma" required for fusion power.

Van Gogh: Postcard helps experts 'find location of final masterpiece'

The likely location for Tree Roots was found by Wouter van der Veen, the scientific director of the Institut Van Gogh. He recognised similarities between the painting and a postcard dating from 1900 to 1910.

Missing part of Stonehenge returned 60 years on

No-one knew where it was until Robert Phillips, 89, who was involved in those works, decided to return part of it. English Heritage, which looks after Stonehenge, hopes the sample might now help establish where the stones originally came from.

Stonehenge: Sarsen stones origin mystery solved

The origin of the giant sarsen stones at Stonehenge has finally been discovered with the help of a missing piece of the site which was returned after 60 years. Archaeologists pinpointed the source of the stones to an area 15 miles (25km) north of the site near Marlborough.

Black Lives Matter: Arkansas senator describes slavery as 'necessary evil'

In a local newspaper interview, Republican Tom Cotton said he rejected the idea that the US was a systemically racist country to its core. He is introducing legislation to ban federal funds for a project by the New York Times newspaper, aimed at revising the historical view of slavery.

What the heroin industry can teach us about solar power

If you have ever doubted whether solar power can be a transformative technology, read on. This is a story about how it has proved its worth in the toughest environment possible.

Nasa Mars rover: Meteorite to head home to Red Planet

Nasa's Perseverance robot will carry with it a meteorite that originated on the Red Planet and which, until now, has been lodged in the collection of London's Natural History Museum (NHM). The rock's known properties will act as a calibration target to benchmark the workings of a rover instrument.

By bike, boat and horseback: Epic coronavirus journeys home

With flights grounded and borders closed, some people have embarked on epic voyages to get home during the coronavirus pandemic. Here, we take a look at four such journeys - and the distances travelled just get longer and longer.

Hope probe: UAE launches historic first mission to Mars

The United Arab Emirates' historic first mission to Mars is under way, after a successful lift-off in Japan. The Hope probe launched on an H2-A rocket from Tanegashima spaceport, and is now on a 500-million-km journey to study the planet's weather and climate.

Welcome to Jáchymov: the Czech town that invented the dollar

The US dollar is the most widely used currency in the world. It is both the primary de facto global tender and the world’s unofficial gold standard.

Desert telescope takes aim at ageing our Universe

Another telescope has entered the debate about the age and expansion rate of the Universe. This topic has recently become the subject of an energetic to and fro among scientists using different astronomical facilities and techniques.

Stromboli: Volcano erupts on small Italian island

Fires were seen on Stromboli but no injuries have been reported. "We saw the explosion from the hotel. There was a loud roar," Michela Favorito, who works in a hotel on the island, told Reuters news agency.

Coronavirus: Why surviving the virus may be just the beginning

The first thing Simon Farrell can remember, after being woken from a medically induced coma, is trying to tear off his oxygen mask. He had been in intensive care for 10 days, reliant on a ventilator just to breathe.

Hagia Sophia: Pope 'pained' as Istanbul museum reverts to mosque

Pope Francis has said he's "pained" by Turkey's decision to convert Istanbul's Hagia Sophia back into a mosque. Speaking at a service in the Vatican, the Roman Catholic leader added that his "thoughts go to Istanbul".

What’s so different about DDEV-Local?

In 2020, users from designers to developers to testers and open source contributors have a wide variety of local development environments to chose from.

The birthplace of traditional Thai massage

Among the towering spires and ceramic inlaid stupas of Bangkok’s Wat Pho temple are a group of inscriptions from the 19th Century.

Why human touch is so hard to replace

“I can't do any sort of work without touching someone. It is part of my profession,” says Jo Adenuga, a London-based makeup artist.

Dinosaur ancestors 'may have been tiny'

Dinosaurs are often thought of as giant creatures, but new research adds to evidence they started out small. The evidence comes from a newly described fossil relative found on Madagascar that lived some 237 million years ago and stood just 10cm tall.

The Oxford English Dictionary and its chief word detective

Oxford English Dictionary Chief Editor John Simpson is to retire after 37 years at the famous reference work. Here he writes of a life hunting for the evidence behind the birth of words. Historical dictionaries are not just about definitions.

Tomorrow’s Gods: What is the future of religion?

Before Mohammed, before Jesus, before Buddha, there was Zoroaster. Some 3,500 years ago, in Bronze Age Iran, he had a vision of the one supreme God.

The truth about the US’ most iconic food

(We have updated this story since it was first published last year to include new information, including where to eat Feltman's during the coronavirus pandemic.

Does the US have a problem with topless women?

Women fed up with being forced to cover up their breasts and nipples are challenging American laws about nudity and sparking a debate about the country's attitude to the naked female form.

What it’s like to survive a shipwreck

The wind had dropped the night before, but the sea was still running pretty heavy, especially for a boat like the Lucette. The waves were about head height and in a small boat there was a real risk of going over the side. In the distance a shape in the sea moved towards the yacht.

Tips for longevity from the oldest people on Earth

Okinawa is known as a ‘blue zone’ - a home to some of the oldest people on the planet. The secret isn’t medication or specific foods, but a connection with their loved ones.

Is this the most powerful word in the English language?

‘The’. It’s omnipresent; we can’t imagine English without it. But it’s not much to look at. It isn’t descriptive, evocative or inspiring. Technically, it’s meaningless. And yet this bland and innocuous-seeming word could be one of the most potent in the English language.

Secrets of '1,000-year-old trees' unlocked

Scientists have discovered the secret of how the ginkgo tree can live for more than 1,000 years. And, unlike many other plants, its genes are not programmed to trigger inexorable decline when its youth is over.

Australia fires: Aboriginal planners say the bush 'needs to burn'

For thousands of years, the Indigenous people of Australia set fire to the land. Long before Australia was invaded and colonised by Europeans, fire management techniques - known as "cultural burns" - were being practised.

Why vegan junk food may be even worse for your health

No British train station or high street would be complete without a Greggs bakery. The merchants of mass-produced pastries are as quintessential as they come. And last year they won plaudits for turning vegan. On the back of their success, other fast food brands shortly followed suit.

Is it okay to tell a dirty joke at work?

On her first day in a new job in the City, Kate (not her real name) didn't know what to expect. Now a successful executive, she remembers being ready to roll with the punches, anything in order to get ahead. What she didn't expect was unrelenting sexual innuendo.

'My silent retreat obsession changed my life'

Then a friend recommended a book on meditation. The 26-year-old started meditating at home in Nottinghamshire, before deciding she wanted to take things up a level.

Why food memories are so powerful

I was only three years old when my parents, sister and I emigrated from Leningrad in the USSR to the United States in 1980 as “traitors”, losing our Soviet citizenship and turning our backs on Communism for the “evil capitalist West”.

How to escape the tyranny of the clock

Time rules and regiments our lives from the moment we wake up until the end of the day – there’s no escaping our need to keep a close eye on the clock.

Wasp-76b: The exotic inferno planet where it 'rains iron'

Astronomers have observed a distant planet where it probably rains iron. It sounds like a science fiction movie, but this is the nature of some of the extreme worlds we're now discovering.

How to argue with a racist: Five myths debunked

Stereotypes and myths about race abound, but this does not make them true. Often, these are not even expressed by overt racists. For many well-intentioned people, experience and cultural history has steered them towards views that aren't supported by human genetics.

Coronavirus: What can we learn from the Spanish flu?

One hundred years ago, a world recovering from a global war that had killed some 20 million people suddenly had to contend with something even more deadly: a flu outbreak.

Coronavirus: How can we stay in virtual touch with older relatives?

As the government encourages "social distancing" in the fight against coronavirus, older people are facing the prospect of being told to stay at home for weeks. But what if a parent or older person in your life, doesn't already have access to video calling tech?

Tips for how to stay happy in troubling times

By dwelling less on stress and reflecting on the positives, BBC Future’s guide to happiness will help you to feel less overwhelmed by world events.

No, drinking water doesn't kill coronavirus

First there was the bizarre suggestion that it can be cured with cocaine. After the erroneous idea circulated widely on social media, the French government had to quickly issue a statement saying that it’s definitely pas vrai.

Uganda's Kanungu cult massacre that killed 700 followers

Judith Ariho does not shed any tears as she recalls the church massacre in which her mother, two siblings and four other relatives were among at least 700 people who died.

Covid-19: The ways viruses can spread in offices

If even a single surface is compromised, a virus can infect the majority of a workplace in a matter of hours.

Coronavirus: How Covid-19 is denying dignity to the dead in Italy

Italy has banned funerals because of the coronavirus crisis. For many, the virus is now robbing families of the chance to say a final goodbye. In Italy, many victims of Covid-19 are dying in hospital isolation without any family or friends.

Coronavirus: Why some countries wear face masks and others don't

Step outside your door without a face mask in Hong Kong, Seoul or Tokyo, and you may well get a disapproving look.

Why social distancing might last for some time

Near the end of World War One, a nasty flu started spreading around the world. The virus responsible for the disease, which became known as Spanish flu, infected over a quarter of the world’s population.

Covid-19: The history of pandemics

The novel coronavirus pandemic, known as Covid-19, could not have been more predictable. From my own reporting, I knew this first-hand.

Coronavirus and sex: What you need to know

If I have sex can I catch coronavirus? You might have thought about it but been too embarrassed to ask. To separate the facts from myths, we've put your questions to health experts.

Blood test 'can check for more than 50 types of cancer'

It could help diagnose tumours sooner, when they are easier to treat and, ideally, cure, experts hope. More than 99% of positive results are accurate, the team says, but it will be crucial to check it does not miss cases and provide false assurance.

Why do we think cats are unfriendly?

BBC Future has brought you in-depth and rigorous stories to help you navigate the current crisis, but we know that’s not all you want to read. So, now we’re dedicating a series to help you escape.

Will the world be quieter after the pandemic?

Or, at least, it wasn’t. With the advent of the Covid-19 lockdown – and the concomitant reduction in crowds, road and air traffic – many places are now bathed in an unusual quiet.

Facial recognition to 'predict criminals' sparks row over AI bias

Harrisburg University researchers said their software "can predict if someone is a criminal, based solely on a picture of their face". The software "is intended to help law enforcement prevent crime", it said.

Tattoos: 'The more I have, the more confident I feel'

You probably know Post Malone for two things: massive hit singles and having loads of tattoos - some on his face. He's been chatting about his body art in a new interview, saying his tattoos come from "a place of insecurity".

'The closest thing on Earth to interplanetary travel'

Finding out how fast Antarctic ice is melting is critical to understanding the scale of the climate crisis. The BBC's chief environmental correspondent, Justin Rowlatt, is therefore joining scientists as they check the health of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet.

Coronavirus: Why Singapore turned to wearable contact-tracing tech

Singapore's TraceTogether Tokens are the latest effort to tackle Covid-19 with tech. But they have also reignited a privacy debate.

How to keep your delicate brain safe

Our brains are delicate and precious assets. Encased within the thick, bony shell of our craniums, they are largely protected from the damage that our everyday lives might inflict.

Supermarkets snub coconut goods picked by monkeys

The monkeys are snatched from the wild and trained to pick up to 1,000 coconuts a day, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta) said. The animal rights group said pigtailed macaques in Thailand were treated like "coconut-picking machines".

Read more from The Conversation

This article originally appeared on The Conversation, and is republished under a Creative Commons licence. In June 1348, people in England began reporting mysterious symptoms. They started off as mild and vague: headaches, aches, and nausea.

Mystery over monster star's vanishing act

Astronomers have been baffled by the disappearance of a massive star they had been observing. They now wonder whether the distant object collapsed to form a black hole without exploding in a supernova.

The Covid-19 changes that could last long-term

Like the Black Death spreading along the trade-routes strung along the spine of 14th-Century Eurasia, Covid-19 emerged in China and spread extremely quickly along the modern-day Silk Roads: intercontinental flight paths.

World 'losing battle against deforestation'

An assessment of the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF) says it has failed to deliver on key pledges. Launched at the 2014 UN climate summit, it aimed to half deforestation by 2020, and halt it by 2030.

Belgian king expresses 'deepest regrets' for DR Congo colonial abuses

Belgium's King Philippe has expressed his "deepest regrets" to the Democratic Republic of Congo for his country's colonial abuses. The reigning monarch made the comments in a letter to President Felix Tshisekedi on the 60th anniversary of DR Congo's independence.

Mastectomy: I got rid of my boobs aged 27 to save my life

When Hayley Minn was 23, she found out she was 85% more likely to get breast cancer than the average person in the UK. That's because she has a gene mutation called BRCA1, which affects around one in every 300-400 people. This is her story in her own words.

First Viking ship excavation in a century begins in Norway

Archaeologists in Norway have begun the first excavation of a Viking ship in more than a century. The vessel was discovered in a burial site in Gjellestad in the south-east of the country two years ago.

The astonishing vision and focus of Namibia’s nomads

BBC Future has brought you in-depth and rigorous stories to help you navigate the current pandemic, but we know that’s not all you want to read. So now we’re dedicating a series to help you escape.

Imran Khan criticised after calling Osama Bin Laden a 'martyr'

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan has come under fire from opposition MPs after telling parliament that the US "martyred" Osama Bin Laden. Bin Laden, the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks, was killed in 2011 when US special forces raided his hideout in the Pakistani city of Abbottabad.

From the archives: How do you decide when a statue must fall?

We name buildings after people, or put up statues to them, because we respect them. But what if we then discover they did wrong? In what cases should the building be renamed, or the statue be removed, asks the BBC's in-house philosopher, David Edmonds.

The SS Yongala: How a mysterious wreck became a destination

On 15 March 1911, Michel Santoro met Euphemia Gordon outside a motion-picture theatre in Sydney, a seemingly random encounter that gave me a chance at life.

A 13th-Century Persian poet’s lessons for today

In the 13th Century AD, during one of the most turbulent periods in Iranian history, the poet Sa’di left his native Shiraz to study in Baghdad.

Israel annexation plans for West Bank leave Palestinians in despair

Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu could annex parts of the occupied West Bank this summer. He says the move, stemming from US President Donald Trump's peace plan, will write another "glorious chapter in the history of Zionism". The Palestinians are defiant.

Coronavirus: Warning thousands could be left with lung damage

Tens of thousands of people will need to be recalled to hospital after a serious Covid-19 infection to check if they have been left with permanent lung damage, doctors have told the BBC. Experts are concerned a significant proportion could be left with lung scarring, known as pulmonary fibrosis.

Order of Nine Angles: What is this obscure Nazi Satanist group?

A US soldier has been accused of plotting an attack on his own unit by sending information to an obscure Nazi Satanist organisation called the Order of Nine Angles (ONA). But who are they?

India’s original “turmeric latte”

The first time I came across the beverage at a chic London coffeeshop a few years ago, I goggled in disbelief.

Olympus quits camera business after 84 years

Olympus, once one of the world's biggest camera brands, is selling off that part of its business after 84 years. The firm said that despite its best efforts, the "extremely severe digital camera market" was no longer profitable.

Will the 'War on Terror' ever end?

Last weekend's deadly knife attack in Reading, west of London, has been an uncomfortable reminder that the threat of terrorism has not gone away.

Aboriginal Stonehenge: Stargazing in ancient Australia

An egg-shaped ring of standing stones in Australia could prove to be older than Britain's Stonehenge - and it may show that ancient Aboriginal cultures had a deep understanding of the movements of the stars.

Archaeologists make new Stonehenge 'sun worship' find

Two previously undiscovered pits have been found at Stonehenge which point to it once being used as a place of sun worship before the stones were erected.

Archaeologists unearth Neolithic henge at Stonehenge

Archaeologists have discovered a second henge at Stonehenge, described as the most exciting find there in 50 years. The circular ditch surrounding a smaller circle of deep pits about a metre (3ft) wide has been unearthed at the world-famous site in Wiltshire.

How significant is the 'new henge'?

This is a three-year project, so by 2013 there could be quite a list of new discoveries. Is this real? Do we know as little about the famous world heritage site as this seems to imply? Or is it another hyped science story that will vanish with the dawn?

Just what is Manhattanhenge?

New Yorkers have witnessed an urban solar phenomenon, with the Sun setting in alignment with the city's skyscrapers and giving an effect fans say is reminiscent of Wiltshire's Stonehenge. Welcome to Manhattanhenge.

Stonehenge boy 'was from the Med'

Chemical tests on teeth from an ancient burial near Stonehenge indicate that the person in the grave grew up around the Mediterranean Sea. The bones belong to a teenager who died 3,550 years ago and was buried with a distinctive amber necklace.

Stonehenge builders' houses found

Excavations at Durrington Walls, near the legendary Salisbury Plain monument, uncovered remains of ancient houses. People seem to have occupied the sites seasonally, using them for ritual feasting and funeral ceremonies.

Stonehenge design was 'inspired by sounds'

Music could have been an inspiration for the design of Stonehenge, according to an American researcher. Steven Waller's intriguing idea is that ancient Britons could have based the layout of the great monument, in part, on the way they perceived sound.

Stonehenge secrets revealed by underground map

Archaeologists have unveiled the most detailed map ever produced of the earth beneath Stonehenge and its surrounds. They combined different instruments to scan the area to a depth of three metres, with unprecedented resolution.

Tomb found at Stonehenge quarry site

The tomb for the original builders of Stonehenge could have been unearthed by an excavation at a site in Wales. The Carn Menyn site in the Preseli Hills is where the bluestones used to construct the first stone phase of the henge were quarried in 2300BC.

Stonehenge

Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, two miles (3 km) west of Amesbury. It consists of a ring of standing stones, each around 13 feet (4.0 m) high, seven feet (2.1 m) wide, and weighing around 25 tons.

Mandelbrot set

The Mandelbrot set (/ˈmændəlbrɒt/) is the set of complex numbers c {\displaystyle c} for which the function f c ( z ) = z 2 + c {\displaystyle f_{c}(z)=z^{2}+c} does not diverge when iterated from z = 0 {\displaystyle z=0} , i.e.

GFA BASIC

GFA BASIC is a dialect of the BASIC programming language, by Frank Ostrowski. The name is derived from the company ("GFA Systemtechnik GmbH"), which distributed the software.

Is Belgium the world's deadliest COVID-19 country or just the most honest?

London: If honesty really is the best policy, Belgium should probably be lauded as an international leader in the coronavirus pandemic. Instead, the kingdom's unorthodox approach has earned it an unwelcome and unfair title: world's deadliest country. For weeks now the nation of 11.

The actor who was really stabbed on stage

When he was cast as Hamlet at age 24, Conor Madden thought his stage career was about to take off - but then an accident during a sword-fighting scene left him with serious injuries. No-one knew whether he would ever act again.

The silent epidemic of America’s problem with guns

Mass shootings dominate the national conversation on gun control, but two thirds of gun deaths are suicides. How do you solve a problem hardly anyone talks about? The night Brayden died was a cold, clear night in Helena, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in Montana.

What the world can learn from Japan’s robots

Japan is rolling out robots in nursing homes, offices and schools as its population ages and workforce shrinks. What can it teach other countries facing the same problems?Japan is changing: a rapidly ageing society, a record-breaking influx of visitors from overseas, and more robots than ever.

Can you learn to navigate uncertainty?

Our newspapers, TV screens and social media feeds are full of pundits who claim to be able to see the future. Often they’re right; many times, they’re wrong.

Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential is published by the Union of International Associations (UIA). It is available online since 2000,[1] and was previously available as a CD-ROM and as a three-volume book.[2] The online Encyclopedia is currently in a redevelopment phase.[3]

Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential Online: Re-design Project

The initial focus of the re-design project is on the World Problems database. The other databases such as Global Strategies, as well as the complementary databases Human Values, Human Development, Patterns and Metaphors, Bibliography, Integrative Concepts, etc, may be added at a later date.

Feedback Loop Analysis in the Encyclopedia Project

Extract from the final report on Information Context for Biodiversity Conservation (2000). See also Vicious cycles and loops (1995) and Strategic ecosystem: Feedback loops and dependent co-arising (1995)

Yearbook of International Organizations

The Yearbook of International Organizations is a reference work on non-profit international organizations, published by the Union of International Associations. It was first published in 1908 under the title Annuaire de la vie internationale, and has been known under its current title since 1950.

'Cashpoint aid' and Africa: Who benefits?

Across Africa the news that a former colonial power, the UK, is to take a more strategic, political, hard-nosed approach to the way it spends its overseas aid budget, has been greeted with a mixture of frustration and cynicism.

One-fifth of Earth's ocean floor is now mapped

We've just become a little less ignorant about Planet Earth. The initiative that seeks to galvanise the creation of a full map of the ocean floor says one-fifth of this task has now been completed.

Gelsenkirchen: Controversial Lenin statue erected in German city

The tiny Marxist-Leninist Party of Germany (MLPD) installed the statue in front of its headquarters in the western city of Gelsenkirchen. City authorities had attempted to stop the statue being installed and launched an online hashtag saying there was "no place for Lenin".

Terorista v Kábule: Ten, čo sa potí a mrmle si Korán

Rozhodnutie o zvýšení múru padlo potom, ako sme zistili, že aj dieťa by s trochou šťastia mohlo z ulice dohodiť granátom až ku stolu vedúcej afganskej misie slovenskej organizácie Človek v ohrození Kataríny Macejákovej.

Ukrajina 2000

UKRAJINA (25.8. - 3.9. 2000) 3:39 Poprad - Michalovce vláčik. Hodinový beh cez celé mesto na autobusovú stanicu. Lístok do Užhorodu stojí 80 Sk. Cestuje s nami ešte zopár Ukrajincov.

RUMUNSKO / BULHARSKO / TURECKO 2000

Vyrážame na cestu a nenechávame sa odradiť ani prvými neúspechmi na samotnom počiatku. Potom, čo nám zlyhal autobus do Burgasu, sa bezváhania, ale ležérne balíme, nakupujeme životne dôležité suroviny ( rum..

Why Japan is so successful at returning lost property

For most, losing a wallet or purse is more than an inconvenience. While smartphones now let us make contactless payments, hold our travel cards and help us to find our way home, there’s still something reassuringly secure about carrying physical ID and bank cards.

Why the vegan diet is not always green

It has all the makings of a delicious smoothie – a dollop of almond butter, an avocado, a few slices of mango, a handful of blueberries, a sprinkle of cocoa powder and perhaps a glug of soya milk.

The strange science inside your sourdough

In a room of refrigerators in Belgium live more than 110 jars of flour, water, and magic.

Why hasn’t AI changed the world yet?

When Kursat Ceylan, who is blind, was trying to find his way to a hotel, he used an app on his phone for directions, but also had to hold his cane and pull his luggage. He ended up walking into a pole, cutting his forehead.

How the humble potato changed the world

In his 1957 essay collection Mythologies, the French philosopher and literary critic Roland Barthes called chips (la frite), a food that comes from a crop native to the Americas, “patriotic” and “the alimentary sign of Frenchness”.

Vatican opens archives of Holocaust-era Pope Pius XII

The Vatican has opened its archives on the wartime papacy of Pius XII, kept secret for decades amid accusations that he turned a blind eye to the Holocaust. Critics say Pius XII, sometimes labelled "Hitler's Pope", knew Nazi Germany was murdering Jews but failed to act.

Has another interstellar visitor been found?

An amateur astronomer has discovered a comet that could come from outside our Solar System. If so, it would be the second interstellar object after the elongated body known as 'Oumuamua was identified in 2017.

Bizarre shape of interstellar asteroid

An asteroid that visited us from interstellar space is one of the most elongated cosmic objects known to science, a study has shown. Discovered on 19 October, the object's speed and trajectory strongly suggested it originated in a planetary system around another star.

Bill Clinton claims Monica Lewinsky affair was to 'help anxieities'

Former President Bill Clinton says his affair with Monica Lewinsky was a way of managing his anxieties. He made the remarks as part of a documentary series titled "Hillary" which looks at the public life of 2016 presidential candidate Hillary Clinton.

The healthiest countries to live in

The fight at the frontlines of Covid-19 is being waged in clinics and hospitals around the world. But the success of that fight has, in large part, depended on the effectiveness of the healthcare systems in each country.

A city with too much history to handle

Naples has a history problem: there’s just too much of it. Greek cemeteries, Roman ruins, medieval castles, Renaissance churches… it’s more than one city can maintain, and some sites will inevitably crumble – unless passionate locals take matters into their own hands.

High microplastic concentration found on ocean floor

Scientists have identified the highest levels of microplastics ever recorded on the seafloor. The contamination was found in sediments pulled from the bottom of the Mediterranean, near Italy.

The indigenous communities that predicted Covid-19

Inside the world’s tropical forests, there are the agents of disease that have the power to bring our way of life to a halt. How we learn to live with these forests will determine our fate, hastening or slowing the onset of future pandemics and the climate crisis.

Coronavirus: Will we ever shake hands again?

Around the world, humans are struggling to ignore thousands of years of bio-social convention and avoid touching another. Shaking hands might be one of the hardest customs to lose in the post-pandemic world but there are alternatives, writes James Jeffrey.

Climate change: Could the coronavirus crisis spur a green recovery?

The Covid-19 lockdown has cut climate change emissions - for now. But some governments want to go further by harnessing their economic recovery plans to boost low-carbon industries. Their slogan is "Build Back Better", but can they succeed? I've just had a light bulb moment.

Longer overlap for modern humans and Neanderthals

Modern humans began to edge out the Neanderthals in Europe earlier than previously thought, a new study shows. Tests on remains from a cave in northern Bulgaria suggest Homo sapiens was there as early as 46,000 years ago.

'Into The Wild' bus removed from Alaska wilderness

An abandoned bus in Alaska featured in the film Into The Wild has been removed after increasing numbers of tourists got into difficulties visiting it. A US army helicopter lifted it from a trail outside Denali National Park. The local mayor said it was "a big relief".

Diego, the Galápagos tortoise with a species-saving sex drive, retires

Diego and 14 other male tortoises have returned to their native Española, one of Ecuador's Galápagos islands. The tortoises were put out to pasture on Monday after decades of breeding in captivity on Santa Cruz Island.

A Bee C: Scientists translate honeybee queen duets

Scientists using highly sensitive vibration detectors have decoded honeybee queens' "tooting and quacking" duets in the hive. Worker bees make new queens by sealing eggs inside special cells with wax and feeding them royal jelly.

A frozen graveyard: The sad tales of Antarctica’s deaths

BBC Future has brought you in-depth and rigorous stories to help you navigate the current pandemic, but we know that’s not all you want to read. So now we’re dedicating a series to help you escape.

Dark matter hunt yields unexplained signal

An experiment searching for signs of elusive dark matter has detected an unexplained signal. Scientists working on the Xenon1T experiment have detected more activity within their detector than they would otherwise expect.

Why overcoming racism is essential for humanity’s survival

Is bigotry in our DNA, a remnant of our fear of “the other” way back when that was necessary? If so, why do some battle with their instincts while others embrace them? Peter, 71, Darlington Humans are the most cooperative species on the planet – all part of a huge interconnected ecosystem.

Afghanistan: The detention centre for teenage Taliban members

In a dusty courtyard, behind a tall mesh fence, a group of teenagers are playing a frenetic game of football, while others stand around watching from the sidelines. These are some of Afghanistan's most vulnerable and most troubled children. Inmates of Kabul's Juvenile Rehabilitation Centre.

How the fake Beatles conned South America

Early in 1964, as Beatlemania swept the world, newspaper headlines announced that The Beatles would be travelling to South America later that year.

Mt Etna: The most active volcano on Earth

In the largest city in Sicily, Catania, an alarm went off inside the scientific research centre, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV).

How gaming became a form of meditation

Outside my window the streets are quiet, the world is weird, the future uncertain. Conspiracy theorists are bombarding my social media feed, and everyone is an armchair expert on the pandemic. But for now I am okay, because I am a moose. The game called Everything has been out for a while now.

Antarctic meteorites yield global bombardment rate

It's in excess of 16,000kg. This is for meteorite material above 50g in mass. It doesn't take account of the dust that's continuously settling on the planet, and of course just occasionally we'll be hit by a real whopper of an asteroid that will skew the numbers.

The Swiss city where even fun is serious

Until 18:00, Basel is all business. It’s not somewhere you can waltz into a meeting five minutes late – not in this Swiss city whose major industries, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, are all about precision and control.

The khipu code: the knotty mystery of the Inkas’ 3D records

The Inka empire (1400-1532 CE) is one of few ancient civilisations that speaks to us in multiple dimensions. Instead of words or pictograms, the Inkas used khipus – knotted string devices – to communicate extraordinarily complex mathematical and narrative information.

From The Conversation

Nestled among Kansas cornfields in a landscape devoid of any noticeable natural topography, a verdant mound can be seen from a dirt road. Surrounded by a military-grade chain fence and in the shadow of a large wind turbine, a security guard in camouflage paces the fence line with an assault rifle.

Appalachian Trail: US hiker 'lost for 26 days before dying'

Geraldine Largay, 66, went missing in 2013. Text messages to her husband were not sent because there was no signal. She left a final note asking whoever found her body to call her husband and daughter to let them know she had died.

The performance-enhancing trick to being a better athlete

The Pico Simón Bolívar is one of the highest mountains in Colombia. Near the top, there is only half as much oxygen as at sea level, a dizzying 5,500m (18,000 feet) below.

Blowing bubbles: Soapy spheres pop pollen on fruit trees

Japanese researchers have succeeded in fertilising pear trees using pollen carried on the thin film of a soap bubble. They've been searching for alternative approaches to pollination, because of the decline in the number of bees worldwide.

Endangered cheetahs snapped in award-winning photos

Charity picture book series Remembering Wildlife has announced the 10 winners of its cheetah photography competition. The winners were picked from more than 2,400 entrants, with the winning images showing cheetahs in Kenya, Namibia, Tanzania and South Africa.

How Elon Musk aims to revolutionise battery technology

Elon Musk has perhaps the most exciting portfolio of businesses on the planet. There's SpaceX with its mission to Mars, and Tesla with its super-fast hi-tech electric cars.

Aunt Jemima to change branding based on 'racial stereotype'

US company Quaker Oats has announced it will rename its Aunt Jemima line of syrups and foods, acknowledging the brand was based on a racial stereotype.

Van Gogh and Gauguin letter about brothel visit sells for 210,000 euros

The letter was bought by the Vincent Van Gogh Foundation at the Drouot auction house in Paris on Tuesday. The artists wrote the letter to their friend, French painter Emile Bernard, in late 1888.

Mars: Green glow detected on the Red Planet

Scientists have identified a green light in the atmosphere of Mars. The glow comes from oxygen atoms when they're excited by sunlight.

How your smart home devices can be turned against you

For billions of people around the world, life at home has taken on a new significance this year. Flats and houses have become workplaces, gyms, schools and living spaces all rolled into one by national lockdowns.

The myth of being 'bad' at maths

Are you a parent who dreads having to help with maths homework? In a restaurant, do you hate having to calculate the tip on a bill? Does understanding your mortgage interest payments seem like an unsurmountable task? If so, you’re definitely not alone.

Why we've been saying 'sorry' all wrong

Academics are sorry that apology research is floundering. New discoveries on apologies rarely appear because the studies are challenging to design, not unlike determining whether woodpeckers get headaches, or boiling the ocean.

The ingredients for a longer life

One is a town surrounded by tropical forest and beaches popular with surfers, two are craggy islands in the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean, the fourth is at the tail of the Japanese archipelago, while the last is a small city in California whose name means “beautiful hill”.

Why time seems to be going faster while we are in lockdown

As parts of the world begin to ease their lockdowns, some people are looking back and finding the time in isolation seems to have gone surprisingly fast.

Coronavirus: Dexamethasone proves first life-saving drug

The low-dose steroid treatment dexamethasone is a major breakthrough in the fight against the deadly virus, UK experts say. The drug is part of the world's biggest trial testing existing treatments to see if they also work for coronavirus.

Solar Orbiter: Europe's Sun mission makes first close pass

Europe's Solar Orbiter (SolO) probe makes its first close pass of the Sun on Monday, tracking by at a distance of just over 77 million km. SolO was launched in February and is on a mission to understand what drives our star's dynamic behaviour.

Holy water

Holy water is water that has been blessed by a member of the clergy or a religious figure. The use for cleansing prior to a baptism and spiritual cleansing is common in several religions, from Christianity to Sikhism.

Leopold II: Belgium 'wakes up' to its bloody colonial past

Inside the palatial walls of Belgium's Africa Museum stand statues of Leopold II - each one a monument to the king whose rule killed as many as 10 million Africans. Standing close by, one visitor said, "I didn't know anything about Leopold II until I heard about the statues defaced down town".

Boltzmann brain

The Boltzmann brain argument suggests that it is more likely for a single brain to spontaneously and briefly form in a void (complete with a false memory of having existed in our universe) than it is for the universe to have come about in the way modern science thinks it actually did.

Fawlty Towers: John Cleese attacks 'cowardly' BBC over episode's removal

John Cleese has laid into the "cowardly and gutless" BBC after an episode of Fawlty Towers was temporarily removed from a BBC-owned streaming platform. In it, the Major uses highly offensive language, and Cleese's Basil Fawlty declares "don't mention the war".

How can limbo just be abolished?

WHO, WHAT, WHY? The Magazine answers... The Pope may be about to abolish the notion of limbo, the halfway house between heaven and hell, inhabited by unbaptised infants.

Fawlty Towers 'Don't mention the war' episode removed from UKTV

An episode of Fawlty Towers famous for coining the phrase “Don’t mention the war!” has become the latest classic British TV programme to be taken down from a BBC-owned streaming service, as broadcasters continue to conduct a reappraisal of old content.

Children can 'recall early memories', Canadian study suggests

Children can remember memories from their earliest years, but forget most of them later, according to research. Events from well before the age of two can be recalled, suggests a Canadian study of around 100 young children aged 4 to 13.

'Conservation successes' bring hope for mountain gorilla

Conservation efforts appear to be paying off for some of the world's most charismatic animals, according to new assessments for the extinction Red List. Prospects look better for the mountain gorilla, after years of conservation measures, including anti-poaching and veterinary patrols.

Rafiki, Uganda's rare silverback mountain gorilla, killed by hunters

One of Uganda's best known mountain gorillas, Rafiki, has been killed. Four men have been arrested, who face a life sentence or a fine of $5.4m (£4.3m) if found guilty of killing an endangered species.

Slovakia: Deadly knife attack at primary school in Vrutky

The attacker, a 22-year-old man, was a former pupil who had broken into the school in the town of Vrutky. Police said they had later shot dead the attacker and the situation was under control.

Confederate and Columbus statues toppled by US protesters

Statues of Confederate leaders and the explorer Christopher Columbus have been torn down in the US, as pressure grows on authorities to remove monuments connected to slavery and colonialism.

Fergus Walsh: Was Covid here earlier than we thought?

My experience of testing positive for coronavirus antibodies clearly struck a nerve. Two weeks ago I wrote that I'd had no recent symptoms but dismissed a bout of pneumonia in January because it was weeks before the first confirmed cases of Covid-19 in the UK.

The photographers changing the way we see animals

Savage and snarling, the giant gorilla of the King Kong films is a fearsome monster that needs to be appeased with a human sacrifice. Size aside, it’s a strange depiction of an animal that, as anyone who’s stood near a gorilla knows, exudes a sense of peace and gentleness.

Do we need more than two genders?

image copyrightiStockA growing number of people refuse to be put into male or female categories, either because they do not identify as male or female, or because they are going through transition to the opposite gender.

Message in bottle saves family stranded on waterfall

Curtis Whitson, his girlfriend, and his 13-year-old son were on a backtracking trip in central California in June. Their plan was to follow the Arroyo Seco River through a canyon until they reached the waterfall.

Why is it so hard to forgive an ex?

Tears streamed down her face, as Yannes told George their relationship was no longer working out. Along the promenade, the 28-year-old from Hong Kong heaved a sigh of relief and slowly walked back home, with her heart broken.

The Family: 'Raised in a doomsday cult, I entered the real world at 15'

For the first 15 years of his life, Ben Shenton lived in a doomsday cult that thought the world would soon end. Instead the police arrived one day and plunged him into a new and unfamiliar world… the real one.

UAE Mars mission: Hope project a 'real step forward for exploration'

The first Arab space mission to Mars is preparing to lift off within weeks. Fuelling is due to begin next week. It will take seven months to travel the 493 million km (308 million miles) to reach Mars and begin its orbit, sending back ground-breaking new data about its climate and atmosphere.

Understanding the Gatsby lifecycle

At Narative, we’ve been fans of Gatsby from day one, using it to build performant and flexible products for both clients and ourselves. With the growing community interest in Gatsby, we hope to create more resources that make it easier for anyone to grasp the power of this incredible tool.

Mostly Harmless - an Elite: Dangerous novel (working title)

N.B. SEE BOTTOM OF PAGE FOR FURTHER DETAILS ON TERMS OF STRETCH GOALS... I am a huge fan of Elite and I want to see it funded. Check out my author's interview with The Cult of Me for more about how this bid came about.

'Fukushima radiation' found in UK

Low levels of radioactive iodine believed to be from the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan have been detected in Glasgow and Oxfordshire. Health protection officials said the concentration of iodine 131 detected in air samples was "minuscule" and there was "no public health risk in the UK".

Why astronauts get nervous on the launchpad

It is 26 June 1984. Mission Specialist Mike Mullane lies in his couch in the cockpit of Space Shuttle Discovery. This will be the 12th flight in the Space Shuttle programme but Discovery’s and Mullane’s first.

Coronavirus: Caution urged over Madagascar's 'herbal cure'

The World Health Organization (WHO) says there is no proof of a cure for Covid-19 after Madagascar's president launched a herbal coronavirus "cure". The country's national medical academy (Anamem) has also cast doubt on the efficacy of Andry Rajoelina's touted prevention and remedy.

What do our dreams mean?

Dreams have fascinated philosophers and artists for centuries. They have been seen as divine messages, a way of unleashing creativity and, since the advent of psychoanalysis in the 19th Century, the key to understanding our unconscious.

The revival of a second Greek language

On a warm June evening, I was making my way to Alsos Papagou park in the northern Athens suburb of Cholargos. The humid air hung heavy with the scent of pine trees, and families and groups of laughing teenagers were wandering across the grass or fetching coffee from the lakeside cafe.

German finger wresting pulls a crowd in Bavaria

Men in traditional Bavarian costume squared off across tables for one of the world's more unusual competitions - German finger wrestling (Fingerhakeln). Competitors, who are matched in weight and age, sit opposite each other and pull on a small leather loop using just one finger.

The women who tasted Hitler’s food

Imagine knowing every plate of food you eat could be your last. That breakfast, lunch and dinner are potentially deadly. And you have to eat them anyway.

Oman’s ancient biblical scent

Wisps of frankincense smoke wafted through the bazaar as I plunged through the crowded, labyrinthine passageways of Muscat’s Mutrah Souq. This alluringly musky scent permeates Omani cities and culture, and I was never far from the distinct, earthen aroma floating through the air.

What's wrong with buying a dinosaur?

Fossils are in fashion, with private buyers snapping up prehistoric remains online and at auction, but the trend is raising concerns within the scientific community.

Italy’s city that revolutionised pasta

As a sea breeze blew in from the Gulf of Naples, small, gold-coloured dust-devils slowly sprouted along the factory rooftop, spiralling their way east toward Mount Vesuvius with the precision of ballerinas pirouetting across a stage floor.

'I've spent 22 years searching for silver in a ghost town'

Robert Louis Desmarais is the only inhabitant of a Californian ghost town, Cerro Gordo, where he has been searching for a lost vein of silver for 22 years. A 70-year-old former high school teacher, Desmarais used to visit the remote spot in the school holidays to search for ore.

'Ground-breaking' galaxy collision detected

Scientists have detected a cosmic "pileup" of galaxies in the early Universe. Imaged almost at the boundary of the observable Universe, the 14 unusually bright objects are on a collision course, set to form one massive galaxy.

Milky Way galaxy is warped and twisted, not flat

Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is "warped and twisted" and not flat as previously thought, new research shows. Analysis of the brightest stars in the galaxy shows that they do not lie on a flat plane as shown in academic texts and popular science books.

The invention of ‘heterosexuality’

Whenever I tell this to people, they respond with dramatic incredulity. That can’t be right! Well, it certainly doesn’t feel right. It feels as if heterosexuality has always “just been there.”

The unique way the Dutch treat mentally ill prisoners

In the Netherlands, criminals with mental illness are treated completely differently from many other countries. Melissa Hogenboom visits a Dutch prison to find out how.

Read more from Mosaic

Some people suffering psychoactive disorders such as schizophrenia have no idea they are ill – and refuse to seek treatment. But if they are not harming others, is it right to force them to seek treatment?On 3 July 2014, Misty Mayo boarded a Greyhound bus bound for Los Angeles.

The transformational power of how you talk about your life

Imagine that, when you were 12 years old, your family moved to the other side of the country. In your new school, you were bullied for the first time.

Compassionate conservation is 'seriously flawed'

The idea that you cannot kill any animal is "fatally flawed" as a conservation concept, scientists argue. Conservation measures should concentrate on species or habitats rather than individual animals, they observe.

Wood wide web: Trees' social networks are mapped

Research has shown that beneath every forest and wood there is a complex underground web of roots, fungi and bacteria helping to connect trees and plants to one another. This subterranean social network, nearly 500 million years old, has become known as the "wood wide web".

The Future of World Religions: Population Growth Projections, 2010-2050

The religious profile of the world is rapidly changing, driven primarily by differences in fertility rates and the size of youth populations among the world’s major religions, as well as by people switching faiths.

The perils of short-termism: Civilisation’s greatest threat

Not long after my daughter was born in early 2013, I had a sobering thought about the life that lay ahead for her. With health and luck, she will live long enough to see the dawn of the 22nd Century. She may be frail or tired.

Why we need to reinvent democracy for the long-term

 “The origin of civil government,” wrote David Hume in 1739, is that “men are not able radically to cure, either in themselves or others, that narrowness of soul, which makes them prefer the present to the remote.

How to build something that lasts 10,000 years

When I visited Japan recently, I witnessed the 66th cycle of a ritual that began more than 13 centuries ago. I watched as Crown Princess Masako led a procession of Shinto priests carrying treasures from the old temple to the new.

What makes Germans so orderly?

On the high-speed train gliding smoothly from Berlin to Düsseldorf, a young man started chatting to me. He eventually asked, “What are some of the cultural differences you’ve noticed between Germans and Americans?”

The secret to a long and healthy life? Eat less

BBC Future has brought you in-depth and rigorous stories to help you navigate the current pandemic, but we know that’s not all you want to read. So now we’re dedicating a series to help you escape.

Porn star Nacho Vidal held in Spain after man dies in toad-venom ritual

Nacho Vidal, 46, and two others were briefly detained last Friday over the death. Spanish police said the photographer died after inhaling the poison of an endangered North American toad.

Witch-doctors reveal extent of child sacrifice in Uganda

Watch Tim Whewell's film investigating the rise in child sacrifice in Uganda A BBC investigation into human sacrifice in Uganda has heard first-hand accounts which suggest ritual killings of children may be more common than authorities have acknowledged.

Witch doctor

A witch doctor was originally a type of healer who treated ailments believed to be caused by witchcraft.[1] The term witch doctor is sometimes used to refer to healers, particularly in third world regions, who use traditional healing rather than contemporary medicine.

Why are placebos getting more effective?

When new drugs are put on the market, clinical trials determine whether they perform better than inactive pills known as "placebos". Research shows that over the last 25 years the difference in effectiveness between real drugs and these fake ones has narrowed - but more in the US than elsewhere.

The magic cure

You’re not likely to hear about this from your doctor, but fake medical treatment can work amazingly well.

Placebos Are Getting More Effective. Drugmakers Are Desperate to Know Why.

* Photo: Nick Veasey * Merck was in trouble. In 2002, the pharmaceutical giant was falling behind its rivals in sales. Even worse, patents on five blockbuster drugs were about to expire, which would allow cheaper generics to flood the market.

Placebo

Any measurable placebo effect is termed either objective (e.g. lowered blood pressure) or subjective (e.g. a lowered perception of pain).[1]

Petition · WHO: End the suffering of the Ebola crisis. Test and distribute homeopathy as quickly as possible to contain the outbreaks. · Change.org

Over 3,000 idiots and counting. This is the intersection of Hanlon’s Razor with Clarke’s third law: any sufficiently advanced incompetence is indistinguishable from malice.

Let the credulous kiss their relics. It's no weirder than idolising Beckham

The bizarre Home Office decision to send the relics of St Thérèse of Lisieux to Wormwood Scrubs marks a new departure in penal policy.

Homoeopathy's benefit questioned

The Lancet says the time for more studies is over and doctors should be bold and honest with patients about homoeopathy's "lack of benefit". Advocates of homoeopathy maintained the therapy, which works on the principle of treating like with like, does work.

Homeopathy 'no cancer care harm'

Some homeopathic medicines may ease the side-effects of cancer treatments without interfering in how they work, a scientific review has concluded.

Homeopathy

Homeopathy or homœopathy is a system of alternative medicine created in 1796 by Samuel Hahnemann, based on his doctrine of like cures like (similia similibus curentur), a claim that a substance that causes the symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar symptoms in sick people.

Gambians 'taken by witch doctors'

Up to 1,000 Gambian villagers have been abducted by "witch doctors" to secret detention centres and forced to drink potions, a human rights group says. Amnesty International said some forced to drink the concoctions developed kidney problems, and two had died.

Don’t laugh too loudly at Homeopathy

The EU Commissioners are ‘mandating’ farmers to use herbal homeopathic methods for treating sick animals. We can reliably say that, because homeopathy requires diluting ‘remedies’ a million or a billion times, it simply does not work.

Buying organic 'gives you boost'

New research suggests that buying organic food can make people feel better, even before they eat any of it. Supermarket chain Sainsbury's says simply making the choice to buy organic can induce a sense of well-being.

Burundi albino boy 'dismembered'

The dismembered body of a young albino boy has been found in a river on the Burundi-Tanzania border, reports say. The boy, aged nine, was taken from Makamba province in Burundi by a gang that crossed the border, the head of Burundi's albino association said.

WHO: End the suffering of the Ebola crisis. Test and distribute homeopathy as quickly as possible to contain the outbreaks.

Homeopathy has a proven track record of treating and preventing serious epidemic diseases. It’s used by governments for dengue fever, leptospirosis, epidemic fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis epidemics, and, historically, for other serious contagious diseases.

Crystal healing

Crystal healing is a pseudoscientific alternative medicine technique that employs stones and crystals. Adherents of the technique claim that these have healing powers, although there is no scientific basis for this claim.[1][2][3]

List of cognitive biases

Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm and/or rationality in judgment. They are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.[1]

Cognitive bias

A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.[1] Individuals create their own "subjective reality" from their perception of the input. An individual's construction of reality, not the objective input, may dictate their behavior in the world.

Confirmation bias

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms or supports one's prior beliefs or values.

Aspirin

Aspirin, also known as acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), is a medication used to reduce pain, fever, or inflammation.[5] Specific inflammatory conditions which aspirin is used to treat include Kawasaki disease, pericarditis, and rheumatic fever.

Go Figure: Watching out for Wimbledon-washing machine links

What's the link between tennis on TV and washing machines? If you suspect a weird connection, ask a statistician, says Michael Blastland in his regular column. "Indeed we do. Wimbledon is it?

Spurious correlations: Margarine linked to divorce?

A website set up by a student at Harvard teaches us to look carefully at statistics. And it's fun at the same time. What if you read a little further and found a compelling graph showing the rates of divorce and margarine consumption tracking each other closely over almost 10 years.

Six ads that changed the way you think

Advertisers have always sought to influence and persuade - no more so than at this time of year. But since the advent of mass communications, there has been only a handful of ads that monumentally changed the way people think about a product.

Water memory

Water memory is the purported ability of water to retain a memory of substances previously dissolved in it even after an arbitrary number of serial dilutions.

Coronavirus: Sex workers fear for their future

With social distancing rules in place and strip clubs and brothels closed, sex workers around the world have seen their incomes disappear almost overnight as a result of the coronavirus pandemic.

In praise of aphorisms

A typical university course in the history of philosophy surveys the great thinkers of Western civilisation as a stately procession from Plato to Aristotle to Descartes to Kant to Hegel to Nietzsche.

Belgian man has been receiving pizzas he never ordered for years

A 65-year-old man in Flanders says he is “losing sleep” because he has been receiving pizzas he never ordered for nearly a decade, sometimes several times a day.

Google in $5bn lawsuit for tracking in 'private' mode

Google has been sued in the US over claims it illegally invades the privacy of users by tracking people even when they are browsing in "private mode". The class action wants at least $5bn (£4bn) from Google and owner Alphabet.

The personalities that benefit most from remote work

Many workers around the globe have been forced to embrace the promise and challenges of virtual teamwork – almost overnight. Of course, many companies, especially in IT, have been distributed for years.

rozhovor s Pavlom Hudákom

Pavol Hudák sa narodil 7. októbra 1959 vo Vranove nad Topľou.

Microsoft 'to replace journalists with robots'

Microsoft is to replace dozens of contract journalists on its MSN website and use automated systems to select news stories, US and UK media report. The curating of stories from news organisations and selection of headlines and pictures for the MSN site is currently done by journalists.

'Cannabis burned during worship' by ancient Israelites - study

Ancient Israelites burned cannabis as part of their religious rituals, an archaeological study has found. Researchers concluded that cannabis may have been burned in order to induce a high among worshippers.

Sokal affair

The Sokal affair, also called the Sokal hoax,[1] was a demonstrative scholarly hoax performed by Alan Sokal, a physics professor at New York University and University College London. In 1996, Sokal submitted an article to Social Text, an academic journal of postmodern cultural studies.

List of scholarly publishing stings

This is a list of scholarly publishing "sting operations" such as the Sokal affair. These are nonsense papers that were accepted by an academic journal or academic conference; the list does not include cases of scientific misconduct.

'Nearest black hole to Earth discovered'

Astronomers have a new candidate in their search for the nearest black hole to Earth. It's about 1,000 light-years away, or roughly 9.5 thousand, million, million km, in the Constellation Telescopium.

Alien life 'may exist among us'

Could "shadow life" be lurking in the deep ocean? Never mind Mars, alien life may be thriving right here on Earth, a major science conference has heard.

Ancient life thrives in the deep

Our planet's murky deep sea sediments are a buzzing hotbed of life, according to a report in Nature magazine. Scientists suggest between 60 to 70% of all bacteria live deep beneath the surface of the Earth, far from the Sun's life-giving rays.

Fossils may be 'earliest animals'

Tiny, irregularly shaped fossils from South Australia could be the oldest remains of simple animal life found to date. The collection of circles, anvils, wishbones and rings discovered in the Flinders Ranges are most probably sponges, a Princeton team claims.

Is this the meaning of life?

It is often assumed that the science-based worldview implies that life on this planet is a meaningless accident in a universe that is indifferent to our existence.

Life may have survived 'Snowball Earth' in ocean pockets

Life may have survived a cataclysmic global freeze some 700 million years ago in pockets of open ocean. Researchers claim to have found evidence in Australia that turbulent seas still raged during the period, where micro-organisms may have clung on for life.

Scottish rocks record ancient oxygen clues

Oxygen levels on Earth reached a critical threshold to enable the evolution of complex life much earlier than thought, say scientists. The evidence is found in 1.2-billion-year-old rocks from Scotland.

Team finds Earth's 'oldest rocks'

Earth's most ancient rocks, with an age of 4.28 billion years, have been found on the shore of Hudson Bay, Canada. Writing in Science journal, a team reports finding that a sample of Nuvvuagittuq greenstone is 250 million years older than any rocks known.

Tiny tubes point to ancient life

Tiny tubes thought to have been etched into South African rocks by microbes are at least 3.34 billion years old, scientists can confirm. The tubules could therefore represent the earliest "trace" evidence of activity by life on Earth.

Tiny fossils reveal inner secrets

The exact moment when a 550-million-year-old cell began to divide has been captured in an exquisite 3D image. The picture is one of a series taken by researchers examining ancient fossil embryos from Guizhou Province, China.

Wikileaks releases CIA 'exporter of terrorism' report

Whistle-blowing website Wikileaks has published a CIA memo examining the implications of the US being perceived as an "exporter of terrorism". The three-page report from February 2010 says the participation of US-based individuals in terrorism is "not a recent phenomenon".

Warning over war on terror

The "war on terror" has made the world a more dangerous place and created divisions which make conflict more likely, says Amnesty International. The campaign group used its annual report on Wednesday to accuse governments of trampling over human rights in the name of fighting terrorism.

War: who is it good for?

President Bush will soon make a decision on whether to declare war on Iraq and attempt to topple Saddam Hussein. The markets are left asking whether the stuttering US economy is playing any part in the decision.

War on terror 'hurts poor'

The world stands accused of double standards in its thirst to end the scourge of international terrorism. Aid donors and relief agencies, a report says, are concentrating increasingly on politically strategic countries like Afghanistan and Iraq.

War of billions: How has Afghanistan changed?

Afghanistan has undergone momentous change in the decade which followed the US-led operation to remove the Taliban from power in October 2001. Billions of dollars in foreign assistance have poured into the country, most of it spent on military operations.

US 9/11 air defence was 'chaotic'

Could better co-ordination have prevented the Pentagon crash? US air defence was disastrously unprepared for the 11 September 2001 attacks, a special commission has said.

Bush rejects Saddam 9/11 link

US President George Bush has said there is no evidence that Saddam Hussein was involved in the 11 September attacks.

Afghanistan and Iraq wars cost $1.6trillion

The assessment, by the joint economic committee, factors in knock-on effects including long-term healthcare for the wounded, interest on money borrowed for the war chest and oil market disruptions.

'War on terror' loses clear direction

In the five years since 9/11, a clear-cut and well-supported "war on terror" declared by President Bush has become confused and divisive.

'This is just a scene from hell'

The BBC's world affairs editor John Simpson was accompanying a convoy of US special forces and Kurdish fighters when it came under attack from an American warplane. At least 10 people were killed, including a Kurdish translator working with the BBC team, Kamaran Abdurazaq Muhamed.

Saddam 'had no link to al-Qaeda'

There is no evidence of formal links between Iraqi ex-leader Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda leaders prior to the 2003 war, a US Senate report says. The finding is contained in a 2005 CIA report released by the Senate's Intelligence Committee on Friday.

'Islamist terrorism' in 9/11 focus

The report of the US commission investigating the 11 September 2001 attacks calls for a new global strategy to defeat the extremist ideology of al-Qaeda and promote a culture of openness and opportunity in the Muslim world.

1968: Caught in an international emergency

1968: Caught in an international emergency Soviet tanks rolled into the Czech capital on 21 August 1968. The government of the USSR was responding to a democratic movement led by Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek, which it felt threatened Communism's grip on Eastern Europe.

Pavol Hudák

Pavol Hudák (7 October 1959 in Vranov nad Toplou, Czechoslovakia – 18 January 2011 in Poprad, Slovakia) was a Slovak poet, journalist and publicist. He grew up and studied grammar school in Vyšný Žipov.

One dead at Slovak music festival

One person has died after a giant tent collapsed on a crowd of concert goers at Slovakia's biggest music festival, reports say. Another 40 were injured - 15 seriously - when a gust of wind lifted and then brought down the tent during a rain storm in the western town of Trencin.

Slovakia angered by horror film

Slovakian officials have expressed concerns that hit film Hostel tarnishes the reputation of their country. The horror movie, which topped the US box office charts, shows backpackers falling prey to a brutal torture ring at the hands of Slovakian women. "I am offended by this film.

Vaclav Havel, Czech leader and playwright, dies at 75

Vaclav Havel, the Czech Republic's first president after the Velvet Revolution against communist rule, has died at the age of 75. The former dissident playwright, who suffered from prolonged ill-health, died on Sunday morning, his secretary Sabina Tancecova said.

US plans 'robot troops' for Iraq

The US military is planning to deploy robots armed with machine-guns to wage war against insurgents in Iraq. Eighteen of the 1m-high robots, equipped with cameras and operated by remote control, are going to Iraq this spring, the Associated Press reports.

Viewpoint: AI will change our relationship with tech

In 1984, Canadian movie director James Cameron imagined a world in which computers achieved self-awareness and set about systematically destroying humankind. Skynet, the Terminator series computer network, was to go live in 2011 and bring the world to an end.

Brain works more like internet than 'top down' company

The brain appears to be a vastly interconnected network much like the Internet, according to new research. That runs counter to the 19th-Century "top-down" view of brain structure.

Can computers have true artificial intelligence?

Is it possible to create true artificial intelligence and, if so, how close are we to doing so, asks mathematician Professor Marcus du Sautoy. It was while I was making my last BBC TV series, The Code, that I bumped into a neuroscientist I knew.

Car or computer? How transport is becoming more connected

While few would blink any more at the sight of a Mini Cooper alongside their own vehicle, some may have noticed a few of their models out and about at the moment that are strangely quiet. And their silence masks some heavy-duty engineering under the bonnet.

Conway's Game of Life

The game is a zero-player game, meaning that its evolution is determined by its initial state, requiring no further input. One interacts with the Game of Life by creating an initial configuration and observing how it evolves.

Hitachi unveils 'fastest robot'

Japanese electronics firm Hitachi has unveiled its first humanoid robot, called Emiew, to challenge Honda's Asimo and Sony's Qrio robots. Hitachi said the 1.3m (4.2ft) Emiew was the world's quickest-moving robot yet at 6km/h (3.7 miles per hour).

Swiss citizenship system 'racist'

An official report into the process of naturalisation in Switzerland says the current system is discriminatory and in many respects racist. The report, from Switzerland's Federal Commission on Racial Discrimination, recommends far-reaching changes.

Geert Wilders cleared of hate charges by Dutch court

Dutch far-right politician Geert Wilders, who described Islam as "fascist", has been acquitted of inciting hatred against Muslims. Amsterdam judge Marcel van Oosten accepted the Freedom Party leader's statements were directed at Islam and not at Muslim believers.

German fans single out 'racist'

A football spectator who fellow fans alleged shouted racist insults at a black player during a German first division match faces a life ban. Fans of home team Energie Cottbus told police a man was insulting their Cameroon striker Francis Kioyo in Saturday's match against Bochum.

Racial slur banned in New York

The city council of New York has voted to ban the use of the word "nigger". The resolution to ban the so-called "N-word" is largely symbolic as it carries no weight in law and those who use the word would face no punishment.

Europe: Nationalist resurgence

The eurosceptic and anti-immigration True Finns have taken nearly a fifth of votes in Finland's general election, reflecting a trend across Nordic and Western European countries.

Amnesty says Czech schools still fail Roma Gypsies

Czech schools are still riddled with "systematic discrimination" that ensures Roma children get an inferior education, Amnesty International says. The human rights group has called on the Czech Republic to end what it calls racial segregation in schools.

Afghan poets tackle scars of war

The violence in Afghanistan and the Pashtun-inhabited parts of Pakistan is making itself felt on the cultural and social life of the Pashtuns.

How to change a plug... in verse

THE BORING TEXT Important: Wires in the mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Green/Yellow - Earth Blue - Neutral Brown- Live If you change the plug, the colour of wires in the mains lead may not correspond with the colour of the markings identifying terminals in the plug TH

Memory and method: In praise of learning by rote

Pupils across much of the UK are in the last week of revision for GCSEs, but is learning off by heart still a practised and valued skill, asks Neil Hallows. The Dickens character Thomas Gradgrind ensured his pupils had "imperial gallons of facts poured into them until they were full to the brim".

Why Are Spy Researchers Building a 'Metaphor Program'?

That's right, metaphors, like Shakespeare's famous line, "All the world's a stage," or more subtly, "The darkness pressed in on all sides.

Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam (/kaɪˈjɑːm/; Persian: عمر خیّام‎ [oˈmæɾ xæjˈjɒːm]; 18 May 1048 – 4 December 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet.

Classical Chinese poetry

Classical Chinese poetry is traditional Chinese poetry written in Classical Chinese and typified by certain traditional forms, or modes; traditional genres; and connections with particular historical periods, such as the poetry of the Tang Dynasty.

Map tracks Antarctica on the move

A team of scientists has created the most complete map of ice motion over the entire continent of Antarctica. Built from images acquired by radar satellites, the visualisation details all the great glaciers and the smaller ice streams that feed them.

Volcanic eruptions score melodies

The low-frequency, seismic rumblings of volcanoes are being transformed into delicate musical scores in an effort to predict when they will erupt. Researchers in Italy have already created a concerto from the underground movements of Mount Etna on Sicily.

2010 gears up for explosion of 3D

If 2009 was dominated by touch technology then 2010 looks set to be the year of 3D. TV manufacturer LG wants to sell nearly half a million 3D-ready TV sets next year as the World Cup kicks off in the format.

Data visualization

Data visualization is the graphic representation of data. It involves producing images that communicate relationships among the represented data to viewers of the images.

Futures studies

Futures studies, futures research or futurology is the systematic, interdisciplinary and holistic study of social and technological advancement, and other environmental trends, often for the purpose of exploring how people will live and work in the future.

'Doomsday' vault design unveiled

The final design for a "doomsday" vault that will house seeds from all known varieties of food crops has been unveiled by the Norwegian government. The Svalbard International Seed Vault will be built into a mountainside on a remote island near the North Pole.

'Psychic' octopus predicts Spain to win World Cup

An octopus credited with psychic powers has predicted that Spain will defeat the Netherlands in the World Cup final. The German zoo animal also predicted a win for Germany against Uruguay in the third place match. He has so far correctly forecast every World Cup game involving the national team.

Blade Runner: Which predictions have come true?

It's been 30 years since the release of Blade Runner and 10 years since Minority Report. Both are rich sources of predictions about the future. But what has actually come to pass?

Scan shows how brains plot future

Brain scans have given US scientists a clue about how we create a mental image of our own future. The Washington University team say that specific areas of the brain are active when thinking about upcoming events.

US first lady 'slave roots' found

Research into the family of US First Lady Michelle Obama has revealed that her great-great-great-grandmother was a slave given away at the age of six. According to genealogist Megan Smolenyak, the girl was described in papers only as "negro girl Melvinia".

DNA study deals blow to theory of European origins

The findings challenge previous research showing that the genetic signature of the farmers displaced that of Europe's indigenous hunters. The latest research leans towards the idea that most of Europe's males trace a line of descent to stone-age hunters.

DNA 'could predict your surname'

Forensic scientists could use DNA retrieved from a crime scene to predict the surname of the suspect, according to a new British study. It is not perfect, but could be an important investigative tool when combined with other intelligence.

Adoptees use DNA to find surname

Male adoptees are using consumer DNA tests to predict the surnames carried by their biological fathers, the BBC has learned. They are using the fact that men who share a surname sometimes have genetic likenesses too.

Confucian family tree 'triples'

Two million people are now recognised as being descendants of the Chinese philosopher Confucius, more than tripling the number in the last count. The announcement was made as the fifth update to Confucius' family tree was unveiled on the 2,560th anniversary of his birth, say Chinese state media.

Wikipedia founder calls for social media strike

People are being urged to stop using social media for up to 48 hours later this week in an effort to pressure the networks into restoring control of personal data to users. The call to strike has been issued by Dr Larry Sanger - a co-founder of the Wikipedia online encyclopaedia.

Wikipedia blocked in China in all languages

All language editions of Wikipedia have been blocked in mainland China since April, the Wikimedia foundation has confirmed. Internet censorship researchers found that Wikipedia had joined thousands of other websites which cannot be accessed in China.

'Fidelity gene' found in voles

By altering the small animal's brain hormone chemistry, scientists have made a promiscuous meadow vole faithful - just like its prairie vole cousin. The researchers think this will lead to a greater understanding of how social behaviour is controlled in humans.

Genetic study sheds light on Jewish diaspora

Scientists have shed light on Jewish history with an in-depth genetic study. The researchers analysed genetic samples from 14 Jewish communities across the world and compared them with those from 69 non-Jewish populations.

Asteroid makes near-miss fly-by

An asteroid hurtled past the Earth on Friday in something of a cosmic near-miss, making its closest approach at about 1600 GMT. The asteroid, estimated to be about 11m (36ft) in diameter, was first detected on Wednesday.

Asteroid Themis has 'frosted surface'

Scientists have detected water-ice on the surface of an asteroid. The first-time observation was made on 24 Themis, a huge rock that orbits almost 480 million km out from the Sun.

Asteroid Lutetia has thick blanket of debris

Lutetia, the giant asteroid visited by Europe's Rosetta probe in July, is covered in a thick blanket of dusty debris at least 600m (2,000ft) deep. Aeons of impacts have pulverised the space rock to produce a shattered surface that in terms of texture is much like Earth's Moon, scientists say.

A perfect view of the asteroid capsule's Earth return

Nothing can prevent it now. Japan's Hayabusa spacecraft is heading home after its seven-year round-trip to the asteroid Itokawa. I wrote earlier in the week about some of the woes Hayabusa experienced as it tried to grab dusty fragments from Itokawa's surface, and now it faces one last challenge.

'Life chemicals' may have formed around far-flung star

There is now even more evidence that life on Earth may have been seeded by material from asteroids or comets. Prior research has shown how amino acids - the building blocks of life - could form elsewhere in the cosmos.

'Crater' spied under California

Oil exploration work in California's Central Valley region has uncovered a possible space impact crater. The 5.5km-wide bowl is buried under shale sediments west of Stockton, in San Joaquin County, and is thought to be between 37 and 49 million years old.

BBC NEWS | UK | Magazine | 'A meteorite smashed through my roof'

The chances of being hit by a chunk of space rock are measured in the billions-to-one. Roy Fausset, 59, had the closest of escapes last month when what scientists now say was a meteorite crashed through his New Orleans home.

Hayabusa capsule particles may be from asteroid

Japan's space agency (Jaxa) began to open the Hayabusa craft's sample container on 24 June. It has now revealed images of tiny dust particles inside the container.

Anatomical clues to human evolution from fish

It may seem strange that humans have evolved from fish, but the evidence can be found not just in fossils but also within our own bodies. Your face is your most expressive feature; it tells the world what you are feeling, who you are and where you come from.

Teeth and jaw are from 'earliest Europeans'

Two baby teeth and a jaw fragment unearthed in Italy and the UK have something revealing to say about how modern humans conquered the globe. The finds in the Grotta del Cavallo, Apulia, and Kents Cavern, Devon, have been confirmed as the earliest known remains of Homo sapiens in Europe.

Why is there only one human species?

Not so very long ago, we shared this planet with several other species of human, all of them clever, resourceful and excellent hunters, so why did only Homo sapiens survive?

'Astonishing' skull unearthed in Africa

This is a picture of the recently unearthed human-like skull which is being described as the most important find of its type in living memory. It was found in the desert in Chad by an international team and is thought to be approximately seven million years old. "I knew I would one day find it...

'Hobbit' human 'is a new species'

The tiny skeletal remains of human "Hobbits" found on an Indonesian island belong to a completely new branch of our family tree, a study has found. The finds caused a sensation when they were announced to the world in 2004.

'Hobbit' island's deeper history

Long before a 'hobbit' species of human lived on Indonesia's Flores island, other human-like creatures colonised the area. That much was clear. The group says the finds bring a new dimension to our understanding of the history of Flores.

'Lucy's baby' found in Ethiopia

The 3.3-million-year-old fossilised remains of a human-like child have been unearthed in Ethiopia's Dikika region. The female Australopithecus afarensis bones are from the same species as an adult skeleton found in 1974 which was nicknamed "Lucy".

Age of ancient humans reassessed

Two skulls originally found in 1967 have been shown to be about 195,000 years old, making them the oldest modern human remains known to science. The age estimate comes from a re-dating of Ethiopian rock layers close to those that yielded the remarkable fossils.

African fossils put new spin on human origins story

The ancient remains of two human-like creatures found in South Africa could change the way we view our origins. The 1.9-million-year-old fossils were first described in 2010, and given the species name Australopithecus sediba.

Sir Richard Branson: Virgin Orbit rocket fails on debut flight

Sir Richard Branson's Virgin Orbit company has tried unsuccessfully to launch a rocket over the Pacific Ocean. The booster was released from under the wing of one of the UK entrepreneur's old jumbos which had been specially converted for the task.

Be more punctual, Ecuadorians are urged

Fire sirens will sound and church bells ring out at midday around Ecuador to mark the launch of the government's campaign to eradicate sloppy timekeeping - a vice which it says is hampering the country's economy.

Cells' internal clocks revealed

Scientists have found that each cell of the body has an internal "clock", which can be affected by various genes. Research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that skin cells can be used to measure the speed of a person's body clock.

Cell discovery clues to body clock and beating jet lag

New discoveries into how the body clock works could provide clues to help combat jet lag, research suggests. The cells had been thought to be inactive during the day - but their research found the opposite was true.

Changes to the world's time scale debated

Time, as we know it, could soon be in for a radical change. This week, scientists at the Royal Society are discussing whether we need to come up with a new definition of the world's time scale: Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Circadian rhythm

A circadian rhythm is a natural, internal process that regulates the sleep–wake cycle and repeats on each rotation of the Earth roughly every 24 hours.[1] It can refer to any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.

Fish living in dark caves still feel the rhythm of life

Most animals have an internal body clock, or circadian rhythm, that lasts around 24 hours and is modified by the light-dark cycle of a day.

Lunar clock to be built for 2012

Scientists and artists plan to build a 40m-wide lunar clock by the River Thames by 2012. The aim is to create a new London landmark close to the proposed Olympic stadium as a monument to a more natural way of marking time.

Why having fun makes time speed

Scientists have come up with a theory for why time flies when you are having fun - and drags when you are bored. Scans have shown that patterns of activity in the brain change depending on how we focus on a task.

as days pass by

Well, everyone’s doing Webmentions these days. So, there’s a bandwagon here to jump on. All this is really my fault. It is a good idea that, when I write a post which links elsewhere, that the elsewhere gets told that I linked to it.

'Better' DNA out of fossil bones

Improved technologies for extracting genetic material from fossils may help us find out more about our ancient ancestors. Scientists in Israel have just developed a new technique to retrieve better quality, less contaminated DNA from very old remains, including human bones.

'Ethical' stem cell crop boosted

US researchers have found a way to dramatically increase the harvest of stem cells from adult tissue. It is a practical step forward in techniques to produce large numbers of stem cells without using embryos.

Ancestor's DNA code reconstructed

Scientists have re-constructed part of the genetic code that would have existed in a common ancestor of placental mammals, including humans. The creature, thought to be a nocturnal shrew-like animal, lived alongside dinosaurs about 75 million years ago.

Clone 'would feel individuality'

Scientists drew their conclusions after interviewing identical twins about their experiences of sharing exactly the same genes with somebody else. The team said the twins believed their genes played a limited role in shaping their identity.

Cloned cattle food safe to eat, say scientists

Meat and milk from cloned cattle and their offspring are safe to consume, independent scientists have said. The Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes said it believed the food was unlikely to present any risk.

Dolly expert is to clone embryos

The creator of Dolly the sheep has been granted a licence to clone human embryos for medical research. Professor Ian Wilmut and Kings College London scientists will clone early stage embryos to study motor neurone disease (MND).

Concern over human cloning claims

A US fertility specialist is planning to implant a cloned human embryo in a woman's womb but experts say it is "unethical and irresponsible". Doctor Panos Zavos is to hold a press conference in London on Saturday to announce the latest details of his cloning research.

Extinct cave bear DNA sequenced

Scientists have extracted and decoded the DNA of a cave bear that died 40,000 years ago. They plan to unravel the DNA of other extinct species, including our closest ancient relatives, the Neanderthals.

Extinct mammoth DNA decoded

Scientists have pieced together part of the genetic recipe of the extinct woolly mammoth. The 5,000 DNA letters spell out a large chunk of the genetic code of its mitochondria, the structures in the cell that generate energy.

5 Mind-Melting Ways Your Memory Plays Tricks On You

Everybody will tell you that memory can't be trusted. When they say that, of course, what they mean is that other people's memories can't be trusted.

Beatles' tunes aid memory recall

The world's largest catalogue of Beatles-related recollections will be unveiled in Liverpool this week. The 3,000 memories, from 69 nations, could help scientists better understand how music can help humans tap into the long forgotten events of their lives.

Brain function can start declining 'as early as age 45'

The brain's ability to function can start to deteriorate as early as 45, suggests a study in the British Medical Journal. University College London researchers found a 3.6% decline in mental reasoning in women and men aged 45-49.

Brain's 'atlas' of words revealed

Scientists in the US have mapped out how the brain organises language. Their "semantic atlas" shows how, for example, one region of the brain activates in response to words about clothing and appearance.

Does your brain have a mind of its own?

How many times has this happened to you? You leave work, decide that you need to get groceries on the way home, take a cellphone call and forget all about your plan. Next thing you know, you've driven home and forgotten all about the groceries. Or this. You decide, perhaps circa Jan.

Dreaming 'eases painful memories’

Scientists have used scans to shed more light on how the brain deals with the memory of unpleasant or traumatic events during sleep. The University of California, Berkeley team showed emotional images to volunteers, then scanned them several hours later as they saw them again.

Gene therapy 'memory boost hope'

US scientists used it to increase levels of a chemical which helps brain cells signal to each other. This signalling is hindered in Alzheimer's Disease, the journal Nature reported.

Heart pill to banish bad memories

Scientists believe a common heart medicine may be able to banish fearful memories from the mind. The Dutch investigators believe beta-blocker drugs could help people suffering from the emotional after-effects of traumatic experiences.

How can musicians keep playing despite amnesia?

Scientists are trying to understand how amnesiacs can lose all memory of their past life - and yet remember music. The answer may be that musical memories are stored in a special part of the brain.

Bad memories written with lasers

Laser-controlled flies may be the latest addition to the neuroscientist's tool kit, thanks to a new technique. Researchers have devised a way to write memories onto the brains of flies, revealing which brain cells are involved in making bad memories.

Brain scans 'can distinguish memories', say scientists

Scientists say they have been able to tell which past event a person is recalling using a brain scan. The University College London researchers showed people film clips and were able to predict which ones they were subsequently thinking about.

Can you see time?

Imagine if you could see time laid out in front of you, or surrounding your body. And you could physically point to specific dates in space. Important dates might stand out - birthdays, anniversaries. And you could scan a visible timeline - to check if you were available - whenever you made plans.

Earth is too crowded for Utopia

The global population is higher than the Earth can sustain, argues the Director of the British Antarctic Survey in the first of a series of environmental opinion pieces on the BBC News website entitled The Green Room.

Earth population 'exceeds limits'

There are already too many people living on Planet Earth, according to one of most influential science advisors in the US government. Nina Fedoroff told the BBC One Planet programme that humans had exceeded the Earth's "limits of sustainability".

The world at seven billion

Over the next week the BBC News website will be looking at the issues raised by the growth in the world's population. But how are these changes affecting people's daily lives? BBC News speaks to seven people from around the world to hear their stories.

When two baboon troops go to war

Two troops of baboons have been filmed going to war, with hundreds of monkeys entering into a pitched battle. The fight, filmed by the BBC Natural History Unit, appears to be triggered by male baboons attempting to steal females from the harems of rivals.

Unlocking meerkats' alarm calls

Researchers from Switzerland and South Africa suggest "non-linearities" make the cries "unpredictable", distinguishing them from other calls. However, it is uncertain how the meerkats produce the "non-linear" vocal sounds, the team adds.

Gorillas 'ape humans' over games

Gorillas play competitive games just like humans, according to scientists at the University of St Andrews. The gorillas at San Francisco Zoo were observed over a period of five years playing with a variety of equipment.

Monkey invents new way to break into coconuts

The monkey, known as 'Pinocchio' by the scientists studying him due to his big nose, first rolls a nut down to the docks on the island of Cayo Santiago, which lies to the east of Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Sea. He then throws the nut up into the air and watches it smash onto concrete.

Chimps use cleavers and anvils as tools to chop food

For the first time, chimpanzees have been seen using tools to chop up and reduce food into smaller bite-sized portions. Chimps in the Nimba Mountains of Guinea, Africa, use both stone and wooden cleavers, as well as stone anvils, to process Treculia fruits.

Ants work with acacia trees to prevent elephant damage

Researchers from the Universities of Wyoming and Florida, in the US, carried out a series of studies in Laikipia District in Central Kenya, and Tsavo National Park, also in Kenya. Tree cover was decreasing while elephant numbers were increasing.

Animals 'are moral beings'

Some animals can feel and think in ways not too dissimilar from us, welfare campaigners say. They say there is evidence of altruism, with some animals acting disinterestedly for the good of others.

Huge seas 'once existed on Mars'

US scientists have found further evidence that huge seas existed long ago on Mars. The 2,000 km-wide, 8km-deep Hellas basin is a giant impact crater - the largest such structure on Mars.

Puzzles of our cosmic neighbourhood

For decades, scientists have been sending robotic probes deep into the Solar System, revealing a diverse and dynamic array of worlds orbiting the Sun. Unmanned spacecraft have transformed understanding of our cosmic neighbourhood. But this avalanche of data has also thrown up many new questions.

Aliens may destroy humanity to protect other civilisations, say scientists

It may not rank as the most compelling reason to curb greenhouse gases, but reducing our emissions might just save humanity from a pre-emptive alien attack, scientists claim.

Alien thinking

Not many scientists are prepared to take tales of alien abduction seriously, but John Mack, a Harvard professor who was killed in a road accident in north London last year, did. Ten years on from a row which nearly lost him his job, hundreds of people who claim they were abducted still revere him.

Alien oceans could be detected by telescopes

The next generation of telescopes could reveal the presence of oceans on planets outside our Solar System. Detecting water on Earth-like planets offers the tantalising prospect they could sustain life.

Alien hunters 'should look for artificial intelligence'

Seti, the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, has until now sought radio signals from worlds like Earth. But Seti astronomer Seth Shostak argues that the time between aliens developing radio technology and artificial intelligence (AI) would be short.

47 year old television signals bouncing back to Earth

While searching deep space for extra-terrestrial signals, scientists at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico have stumbled across signals broadcast from Earth nearly half a century ago. Radio astronomer Dr.

'No signal' from targeted ET hunt

The hunt for other intelligent civilisations has a new technique in its arsenal, but its first use has turned up no signs of alien broadcasts. Australian astronomers used "very long baseline interferometry" to examine Gliese 581, a star known to host planets in its "habitable zone".

'No evidence' for extraterrestrials, says White House

The US government has formally denied that it has any knowledge of contact with extraterrestrial life. The announcement came as a response to submissions to the We The People website, which promises to address any petition that gains 5,000 signatories.

Welcome to the world of sci-fi science

Teleportation, time travel, antimatter and wireless electricity. It all sounds far-fetched, more fiction than fact, but it's all true. Everybody is used to science fiction featuring science that seems, well, not very scientific.

Tricking the perfect code machine

They don't often pose for goofy photographs - the members of the Quantum Hacking group at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), and the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore. But everyone wants their picture taken with Eve.

Teleportation breakthrough made

Scientists have performed successful teleportation on atoms for the first time, the journal Nature reports. The feat was achieved by two teams of researchers working independently on the problem in the US and Austria.

Team's quantum object is biggest by factor of billions

Researchers have created a "quantum state" in the largest object yet. Such states, in which an object is effectively in two places at once, have until now only been accomplished with single particles, atoms and molecules.

Quantum trick for pressure-sensitive mobile devices

Hand-held devices could soon have pressure-sensitive touch-screens and keys, thanks to a UK firm's material that exploits a quantum physics trick. The technology allows, for example, scrolling down a long list or webpage faster as more pressure is applied.

Quantum physics explanation for smell gains traction

The theory that our sense of smell has its basis in quantum physics events is gaining traction, say researchers. The idea remains controversial, but scientists reporting at the American Physical Society meeting in Dallas, US, are slowly unpicking how it could work.

Quantum mechanics rule 'bent' in classic experiment

Researchers have bent one of the most basic rules of quantum mechanics, a counterintuitive branch of physics that deals with atomic-scale interactions. Its "complementarity" rule asserts that it is impossible to observe light behaving as both a wave and a particle, though it is strictly both.

Quantum computing: Is it possible, and should you care?

What is a quantum computer and when can I have one? It makes use of all that "spooky" quantum stuff and vastly increases computing power, right? And they'll be under every desk when scientists finally tame the spooky stuff, right? And computing will undergo a revolution no less profound than the one

Quantum computing device hints at powerful future

One of the most complex efforts toward a quantum computer has been shown off at the American Physical Society meeting in Dallas in the US. It uses the strange "quantum states" of matter to perform calculations in a way that, if scaled up, could vastly outperform conventional computers.

Quantum computing could head to 'the cloud', study says

Quantum computing will use the inherent uncertainties in quantum physics to carry out fast, complex computations. This "blind quantum computing" can be carried out without a cloud computer ever knowing what the data is.

Quantum computer slips onto chips

Researchers have devised a penny-sized silicon chip that uses photons to run Shor's algorithm - a well-known quantum approach - to solve a maths problem.

Majorana particle glimpsed in lab

Scientists think they may finally have seen evidence for a famously elusive quarry in particle physics. The Majorana fermion was first predicted 75 years ago - a particle that could be its own anti-particle.

Imaginary time

Imaginary time is a mathematical representation of time which appears in some approaches to special relativity and quantum mechanics. It finds uses in connecting quantum mechanics with statistical mechanics and in certain cosmological theories.

How long is a piece of string?

Alan Davies leaves behind his role in the TV quiz show QI to explore the world of quantum mechanics for the BBC science programme Horizon. The stand-up comic admits to deliberately failing at physics so he wouldn't have to take the O-level.

Higgs boson 'hints' also seen by US lab

The Higgs boson sub-atomic particle is a missing cornerstone in the accepted theory of particle physics. Researchers have been analysing data from the Tevatron machine near Chicago.

Free Will and Quantum Clones: How Your Choices Today Affect the Universe at its Origin

The late philosopher Robert Nozick, talking about the deep question of why there is something rather than nothing, quipped: "Someone who proposes a non-strange answer shows he didn't understand the question.

Antimatter Tevatron mystery gains ground

US particle physicists are inching closer to determining why the Universe exists in its current form, made overwhelmingly of matter. Physics suggests equal amounts of matter and antimatter should have been made in the Big Bang.

Quantum Leap: Information Teleported between Ions at a Distance

Quantum entanglement, whereby two or more objects are linked by an unseen connection, has some famously spooky effects. As quantum researcher Anton Zeilinger has said, entanglement can be thought of as a pair of dice that always land on the same number.

Physics of life: The dawn of quantum biology

The key to practical quantum computing and high-efficiency solar cells may lie in the messy green world outside the physics lab. On the face of it, quantum effects and living organisms seem to occupy utterly different realms.

Bridging the gap to quantum world

Scientists have "entangled" the motions of pairs of atoms for the first time. Entanglement is an effect in quantum mechanics, a relatively new branch of physics that is based more in probability than in classical laws.

'Multiverse' theory suggested by microwave background

The idea that other universes - as well as our own - lie within "bubbles" of space and time has received a boost. Studies of the low-temperature glow left from the Big Bang suggest that several of these "bubble universes" may have left marks on our own.

'Space blob' baffles astronomers

It might not look like much, but this image represents one of the most distant objects astronomers have ever seen, 12.9 billion light years away. It is a "Lyman-alpha blob" and is 55,000 light years across - as large as present-day galaxies.

Alma telescope begins study of cosmic dawn

One of the 21st Century's grand scientific undertakings has begun its quest to view the "Cosmic Dawn". The Atacama large milllimetre/submillimetre array (Alma) in Chile is the largest, most complex telescope ever built.

Antihydrogen undergoes its first-ever measurement

The antimatter version of the hydrogen atom - antihydrogen - could soon finally give up its secrets. Scientists expect that antihydrogen will have exactly the same properties as hydrogen; but after 80 years, the test is only just becoming possible.

Cosmic distance record 'broken'

Scientists believe the blast, which was detected by Nasa's Swift space observatory, occurred a mere 520 million years after the Big Bang. This means its light has taken a staggering 13.14 billion years to reach Earth.

Cosmos may show echoes of events before Big Bang

Evidence of events that happened before the Big Bang can be seen in the glow of microwave radiation that fills the Universe, scientists have asserted. Renowned cosmologist Roger Penrose said that analysis of this cosmic microwave background showed echoes of previous Big Bang-like events.

Dark discussion ahead for Europe and US

It couldn't have been planned better.

Dark energy and flat Universe exposed by simple method

Researchers have developed a simple technique that adds evidence to the theory that the Universe is flat. Moreover, the method - developed by revisiting a 30-year-old idea - confirms that "dark energy" makes up nearly three-quarters of the Universe.

Dark matter hunt eyes deeper home

Scientists are looking to relocate an underground experiment searching for dark matter to an even deeper site. Cosmic rays striking the Earth could completely mask the rare dark matter events sought by the experiment.

Dark matter may solve 'radio filaments' mystery

Unexplained "filaments" of radio-wave emission close to our galaxy's centre may hold proof of the existence of dark matter, researchers have said. Dark matter is believed to make up most of the mass of our Universe, but it has yet to be definitively spotted.

Dark matter theory challenged by gassy galaxies result

Instead of invoking dark matter, the Modified Newtonian Dynamics theory says that the effects of gravity change in places where its pull is very low. The new paper suggests that Mond better predicts the relationship between gassy galaxies' rotation speeds and masses.

Dark matter tracks could give earliest view of Universe

Researchers have come up with a way to glimpse the infant Universe by decoding the earliest ripples in its light. They say this can be achieved by capturing the specific radio wavelength of 21cm from the heavens.

Dwarf galaxies suggest dark matter theory may be wrong

Scientists' predictions about the mysterious dark matter purported to make up most of the mass of the Universe may have to be revised. Research on dwarf galaxies suggests they cannot form in the way they do if dark matter exists in the form that the most common model requires it to.

Fermi gamma-ray image updates 'extreme Universe' view

The Fermi space telescope has yielded the most detailed gamma ray map of the sky - representing the Universe's most violent and extreme processes. The telescope's newest results, as well as the map, were described at the Third Fermi Symposium in Rome this week.

Ghana text hoax predicting earthquake prompts panic

False rumours of an impending earthquake caused fear and panic in Ghana overnight, prompting many people to sleep outside. The rumour began on Sunday night with a text message quoting US space agency Nasa and the BBC as saying that "cosmic rays" were to hit the Earth.

Hints of 'time before Big Bang'

A team of physicists has claimed that our view of the early Universe may contain the signature of a time before the Big Bang. The discovery comes from studying the cosmic microwave background (CMB), light emitted when the Universe was just 400,000 years old.

Hubble's role in search for aliens

The powerful vision of the Hubble Telescope - which turns 20 this week - has expanded our cosmic horizons and brought into sharper focus a new set of mysteries about the universe that is our home. To those whose science is gleaned from the media, astronomy may seem to be on a roll. And it is.

LHC researchers 'set to create a mini-Big Bang'

Researchers at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) are getting set to create the Big Bang on a miniature scale. Since 2009, the world's highest-energy particle accelerator has been smashing together protons, in a bid to shed light on the fundamental nature of matter.

Meteorites 'could have carried nitrogen to Earth'

Chemical analysis of the meteorite shows it to be rich in the gas ammonia. It contains the element nitrogen, found in the proteins and DNA that form the basis of life as we know it.

Neutrino 'ghost particle' sized up by astronomers

Scientists have made their most accurate measurement yet of the mass of a mysterious neutrino particle. Neutrinos are sometimes known as "ghost particles" because they interact so weakly with other forms of matter.

Neutrino particle 'flips to all flavours'

An important breakthrough may be imminent in the study of neutrinos. The multinational T2K project in Japan says it has seen indications in its data that these elementary particles can flip to any of their three types.

Neutrons could test Newton's gravity and string theory

The idea rests on probing any minuscule variations in gravity as it acts on slow-moving neutrons in a tiny cavity. These quantum jumps can test Newton's theory of gravity - and any variations from it - with unprecedented precision.

New clue to anti-matter mystery

Anti-matter is rare today; it can be produced in "atom smashers", in nuclear reactions or by cosmic rays. But physicists think the Big Bang should have produced equal amounts of matter and its opposite.

New twist in antimatter mystery

Physicists have taken a step forward in their efforts to understand why the Universe is dominated by matter, and not its shadowy opposite antimatter. The results show that certain matter particles decay differently from their antimatter counterparts.

Nobel physics prize honours accelerating Universe find

Three researchers behind the discovery that our Universe's expansion is accelerating have been awarded this year's Nobel prize for physics. Saul Perlmutter and Adam Riess of the US and Brian Schmidt of Australia will divide the prize.

Planck telescope reveals ancient cosmic light

This is the extraordinary place where we all live - the Universe. The picture is the first full-sky image from Europe's Planck telescope which was sent into space last year to survey the "oldest light" in the cosmos.

Planck telescope's first glimpse

The European telescope sent far from Earth to study the oldest light in the Universe has returned its first images. The Planck observatory, launched in May, is surveying radiation that first swept out across space just 380,000 years after the Big Bang.

Stars reveal carbon 'spaceballs'

Scientists have detected the largest molecules ever seen in space, in a cloud of cosmic dust surrounding a distant star. The football-shaped carbon molecules are known as buckyballs, and were only discovered on Earth 25 years ago when they were made in a laboratory.

Stephen Hawking: 'There is no heaven; it's a fairy story'

The belief that heaven or an afterlife awaits us is a "fairy story" for people afraid of death, Stephen Hawking has said.

Stephen Hawking: God did not create Universe

There is no place for God in theories on the creation of the Universe, Professor Stephen Hawking has said. He had previously argued belief in a creator was not incompatible with science but in a new book, he concludes the Big Bang was an inevitable consequence of the laws of physics.

Study hints at dark matter action

Researchers in the US say they have detected two signals which could possibly indicate the presence of particles of dark matter. But the study in Science journal reports the statistical likelihood of a detection of dark matter as 23%.

The first glimpse of dark matter?

US scientists have reported the detection of signals that could indicate the presence of dark matter. The main announcement came from the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Chicago.

Why is there something rather than nothing?

People have wrestled with the mystery of why the universe exists for thousands of years. Pretty much every ancient culture came up with its own creation story - most of them leaving the matter in the hands of the gods - and philosophers have written reams on the subject.

Ultimate fate of the universe

The ultimate fate of the universe is a topic in physical cosmology, whose theoretical restrictions allow possible scenarios for the evolution and ultimate fate of the universe to be described and evaluated.

Universe 'proven flat'

The measurements were made using a very sensitive telescope suspended from a balloon 40,000 metres (131,000 feet) above Antarctica. The instrument flew around the frozen continent between 29 December 1998 and 8 January 1999. It has taken since then to process the one billion measurements.

US experiment hints at 'multiple God particles'

There may be multiple versions of the elusive "God particle" - or Higgs boson - according to a new study. Finding the Higgs is the primary aim of the £6bn ($10bn) Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiment near Geneva.

World's most daunting parking job

It must feel a little like the attendant outside a hotel who is given the keys to a supercar and is asked to go and park it. The excitement is almost overwhelming but so too is the fear of scratching the gleaming mega-motor.

Viewpoint: The roots of the battle for free speech

Historian Tom Holland was one of those who tweeted Charlie Hebdo's cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad in the wake of the deadly attack on the magazine's office. Here he explains the ramifications of defending free speech. Religions are not alone in having their martyrs.

Whiteboard girl hoax fools thousands on net

The images showed a girl called Jenny holding up a whiteboard message to her former boss Spencer saying his "breath smells" and had demotivated staff. The pictures quickly went viral with more than 360,000 "likes" on Facebook.

Viewers fooled by 'Belgium split'

Belgians reacted with widespread alarm to news that their country had been split in two - before finding out they had been spoofed. The Belgian public television station RTBF ran a bogus report saying the Dutch-speaking half of the nation had declared independence.

The Yes Men

The Yes Men are a culture jamming activist duo and network of supporters created by Jacques Servin and Igor Vamos.[1] Through actions of tactical media,[citation needed] the Yes Men primarily aim to raise awareness about problematic social and political issues.

The strange virtual world of 4chan

Coventry cat tormentor Mary Bale has become the latest victim of 4chan - a website credited with creating some of the web's biggest phenomena, whose users wreak havoc across cyberspace. Just what is it all about?

The greatest literary hoax ever?

La Rive Gauche rigole. Bernard-Henri Levy, France's loudest voice of the 1970s school of nouveaux philosophes, who rarely appears on TV with his shirt buttoned beyond the waist, has been had.

Search on for Moon landing film

The footage of the Apollo 11 crew's landing on the Moon is one of 20th Century's most important artefacts. The tapes are believed to be stored somewhere in the archive at Nasa's Goddard Space Flight Center, Maryland.

'Sick prank' leaves cat dyed pink in Swindon

The RSPCA have criticised a "sick prank" in which a cat had its fur dyed pink and was then thrown over a garden fence in Swindon. Officers are looking for the owner of the cat, which was found by a man in his garden in Wesley Street on 18 September.

Probe into Boston ad stunt chaos

Police in the US city of Boston are investigating a major American media corporation for causing a security alert that closed bridges and roads. Turner Broadcasting System placed electronic devices with blinking lights around the city as part of a campaign to market a late-night TV cartoon.

Prankster infiltrates NY museums

A British graffiti artist has managed to evade security and hang his work in four of New York's most prestigious and well-guarded museums. "Banksy", who has never disclosed his real identity, claims to have carried out the unusual smuggling operation on one day, during opening hours.

Prank fools US science conference

A collection of computer-generated gibberish in the form of an academic paper has been accepted at a scientific conference, to the delight of hoaxers. Three US boffins built a programme designed to create research papers with random text, charts and diagrams.

Piltdown Man: A hoaxer still pursued

It was a shocker, no doubt about it. The Piltdown Man scandal is arguably the greatest scientific fraud ever perpetrated in the UK. When the fake remains of our earliest ancestor were unmasked for what they really were, shame was heaped on the research establishment.

'Medical myths' exposed as untrue

Some claim drinking eight glasses of water a day leads to good health, while reading in dim light damages eyesight. Others believe we only use 10% of our brains or that shaving legs causes hair to grow back thicker.

Peer reveals 'cello scrotum' hoax

A top doctor has admitted her part in hoodwinking a leading medical journal after inventing a medical condition called "cello scrotum". Elaine Murphy - now Baroness Murphy - dreamt up the painful complaint in the 1970s, sending a report to the British Medical Journal.

Man admits posting airport bomb hoax on Twitter

A man has been warned he could face jail after admitting posting a message on Twitter threatening to blow an airport "sky high".Paul Chambers posted the message online after snow forced Robin Hood Airport in Doncaster, South Yorkshire, to close.

Lost Moon-landing tape found

The impetus to locate the tape came from Kipp Teague, who runs an online resource of data on the Apollo Moon landings. 'Bad tape' It was found in the audio library at Nasa's space centre in Houston. The recording had been labelled "bad tape" because it was in a very poor condition.

Internet Explorer story was bogus

It later emerged that the company's website was only recently set up and staff images were copied from a legitimate business in Paris. It is unclear who was behind the stunt.

Great Moon Hoax

The "Great Moon Hoax" refers to a series of six articles that were published in The Sun, a New York newspaper, beginning on August 25, 1835, about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon.

Google April Fools' Day 2009

Like last year, many Google services and local sites created their own hoaxes for the April Fools' Day. The most significant announcement is that Google has a new boss: CADIE (Cognitive Autoheuristic Distributed-Intelligence Entity), the first artificial intelligence tasked-array system.

Golden eagle snatching Canadian boy video is hoax - clipmakers

The video shows the bird briefly lifting the child in a Montreal park before dropping him unharmed. Nearly 17 million people have watched the video on YouTube in three days.

Fairy fool sparks huge response

Photographs of a mummified fairy supposedly found in Derbyshire have been revealed as an April Fool's prank. Former Derbyshire resident Dan Baines, 31, who designs illusions for magicians, made the fairy as a prank.

Doubts over Latvia 'meteor crash'

Scientists investigating a large crater in a field in northern Latvia, believed to have been caused by a meteorite, now suspect it was a hoax. Fire crews were called to the scene on Sunday outside the town of Mazsalaca by locals who said something had fallen from the sky and set the land on fire.

Death penalty over China ant scam

Wang Zhendong promised investors returns of up to 60% if they put money into the fictitious ant-breeding project, the court heard. Wang, from Liaoning province, raised 3bn yuan ($390m; £200m) in three years, prosecutors said.

Death by Twitter: Top three online celebrity hoaxes

Speeding down the slopes, a high-speed collision with a tree ends the life of comedian Eddie Murphy. Kung-fu acting legend Jackie Chan collapses and dies of a heart attack. Oh, and rapper Drake also "died" last weekend.

Copenhagen spoof shames Canada on the truth about its emissions

The Yes Men - or somebody suspiciously like them have struck again and this time the victim was Canada. And who better? The Canadians have emerged as the villain of the climate change negotiations for pumping out greenhouse gas emissions with the full-on exploitation of the Alberta tar sands.

Henchminion Sends In the Tale of "The Magna Carta Essay!"

Back in 2005 I did an evil, evil thing. Discovering the proliferation of websites where student plagiarists could copy essays, I wrote a Trojan horse paper about the Magna Carta and seeded it on a few plagiarism sites. The essay is basically wrong from beginning to end.

China paper carries Onion Kim Jong-un 'heart-throb' spoof

The online version of the Chinese Communist Party's official newspaper appears to have fallen for a spoof by the US satirical website, The Onion. The People's Daily ran a 55-page photo spread of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un after he was declared The Onion's Sexiest Man Alive for 2012.

Cave art hoax hits British Museum

Fake prehistoric rock art of a caveman with a shopping trolley has been hung on the walls of the British Museum. The rock was put there by art prankster Banksy, who has previously put works in galleries in London and New York.

Artist Banksy targets Disneyland

The hooded figure was placed inside the Big Thunder Mountain Railroad ride at the California theme park last weekend. It is understood to have remained in place for 90 minutes before the ride was closed down and the figure removed.

Art prankster sprays Israeli wall

Secretive "guerrilla" artist Banksy has decorated Israel's controversial West Bank barrier with satirical images of life on the other side. The nine paintings were created on the Palestinian side of the barrier.

Moon landing conspiracy theories

Moon landing conspiracy theories claim that some or all elements of the Apollo program and the associated Moon landings were hoaxes staged by NASA, possibly with the aid of other organizations.

Alternative 3

Alternative 3 is a television programme, broadcast once only in the United Kingdom in 1977, and later broadcast in Australia, Canada, and New Zealand, as a fictional hoax, an heir to Orson Welles' radio production of The War of the Worlds.

'Naked man' mural allowed to stay

A piece of graffiti by Bristol artist Banksy has been allowed to stay after what the city council described as "overwhelming support" from the public. The stencilled image shows a woman in her underwear standing behind a suited man leaning out of a window, and a naked man hanging onto the ledge.

Belgian girl's tattoo 'nightmare'

Police in Belgium are investigating a complaint from a teenager who says a tattooist peppered her face with stars after she asked for only three. Kimberley Vlaeminck, 18, said she fell asleep during the procedure.

Writer Arthur C Clarke dies at 90

British science fiction writer Sir Arthur C Clarke has died in his adopted home of Sri Lanka at the age of 90. The Somerset-born author achieved his greatest fame in 1968 when his short story The Sentinel was turned into the film 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Quantum computing

Quantum computing is the use of quantum-mechanical phenomena such as superposition and entanglement to perform computation. Computers that perform quantum computation are known as a quantum computers.

D-Wave Systems

D-Wave Systems, Inc. [2] is a quantum computing company, based in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. D-Wave is the world's first company to sell computers which exploit quantum effects in their operation.

Spin-based electronics gets boost

The next generation of computers may make use of the "spin" of electrons instead of their charge. Spintronics relies on manipulating these spins to make them capable of carrying data.

Ancient supernova mystery solved

In 1572, a "new star" appeared in the sky which stunned astronomers and exploded ancient theories of the universe. Now the supernova recorded by Tycho Brahe has been glimpsed again, by Max Planck Institute scientists.

Cryonics

Cryonics is regarded with skepticism within the mainstream scientific community and is not part of normal medical practice. It is not known if it will ever be possible to revive a cryopreserved human cadaver.

How Time Travel Works

From millennium-skipping Victorians to phone booth-hopping teenagers, the term time travel often summons our most fantastic visions of what it means to move through the fourth dimension. But of course you don't need a time machine or a fancy wormhole to jaunt through the years.

Phoebe is 'cosmic time capsule'

Saturn's moon Phoebe is almost certainly a primordial object similar to those that served as the building blocks of planets in our Solar System. That is one of the findings of the Cassini space probe's recent flyby of the tiny impact-battered satellite.

Russians to dive below North Pole

Russia is sending a mini-submarine to explore the ocean floor below the North Pole and find evidence to support its claims to Arctic territory. Two parliamentarians, including veteran explorer Artur Chilingarov, are part of a team planning to dive 4,200m (14,000ft) below the Arctic Ocean on Sunday.

Scientists pore over Cassini data

The Cassini spacecraft has sent back images of Saturn's moon Titan giving scientists the closest views yet of the mysterious satellite. The shots were beamed back to a Nasa antenna based in Madrid, Spain, on Wednesday, at 0225 BST.

Study creates 'time travel' illusion

Virtual reality can be used to give the illusion of going "back in time", according to an exploratory study. In this virtual world, subjects were able to reduce how many people a gunman killed, an event they had unknowingly been part of.

Taking a journey back in time

Forget Dr Who; Chris Wild is a real Time Lord. The 40-year-old ex-museum curator and entrepreneur describes himself as a retronaut - someone who goes back in time "using just his perception".

Time travel

Time travel is the concept of movement between certain points in time, analogous to movement between different points in space by an object or a person, typically with the use of a hypothetical device known as a time machine. Time travel is a widely recognized concept in philosophy and fiction.

Time travel: Light speed results cast fresh doubts

Physicists have confirmed the ultimate speed limit for the packets of light called photons - making time travel even less likely than thought. The speed of light in vacuum is the Universe's ultimate speed limit, but experiments in recent years suggested that single photons might beat it.

World's biggest radio telescope, Square Kilometre Array

Scientists from 20 countries are working on plans to create a vast network of radio telescopes, the size of a continent that could reveal the birth of planets and galaxies, the mysteries of dark energy as well as joining the search for signals from alien civilisations.

Wormhole 'no use' for time travel

For budding time travellers, the future (or should that be the past?) is starting to look bleak. Hypothetical tunnels called wormholes once looked like the best bet for constructing a real time machine.

Augmented reality goes beyond gimmicks for business

The people at Lynx cannot help but be pleased with the success of their latest deodorant. Their new fragrance has emerged as their second-best-selling variant after just a few months on the market, thanks in large part to an innovative advertising campaign.

Aurasma: Augmented reality future or forgettable fun?

JK Rowling saw all this coming, said the man who had just shown me a newspaper where the photos moved and talked, straight out of Harry Potter. And yes, the application which Autonomy's Mike Lynch had demonstrated to make that happen was magical.

Can technology help us improve upon reality?

Imagine walking on Mars and being able to examine rock formations from all angles, or collaborating on the same 3D hologram design with someone thousands of miles away.

Dual-focus contact lens prototypes ordered by Pentagon

The Pentagon has put in an order for prototype contact lenses that give users a much wider field of vision. The lenses are designed to be paired with compact head-up display (HUD) units - glasses that allow images to be projected onto their lenses.

Gaming takes on augmented reality

Augmented reality - the ability to overlay digital information on the real world - is increasingly finding its way into different aspects of our lives. Mobile phone applications are already in use to find the nearest restaurants, shops and underground stations.

Google Goggles, Mobile Visual Search

Google is working on Google Visual Search, a mobile application that lets users take a picture of a location from their Android-powered smartphone and trigger a Google search that pulls up information associated with the image.

Google patents augmented reality Project Glass design

Search giant Google has patented the design of its augmented-reality glasses, known as Project Glass. Three patents for a "wearable display device" with characteristics of the much-talked about futuristic glasses were submitted last autumn.

Google unveils Project Glass augmented reality eyewear

Google has revealed details of its research into augmented reality glasses. It posted abrief introduction to Project Glass, photos and a concept videoat its Google+ social network.

Handsets enhance the real world

Imagine seeing interesting information pop up as you stroll around. It is almost like a sixth sense, and it used to be mainly the stuff of science fiction.

Individuality drive and 3D tech make firms go bespoke

We all want to be unique. Hairstyle like no-one else's in your office, a handmade tie bought in a tiny Parisian boutique, a diamond wedding ring from that exclusive collection.

Living life in augmented reality

Augmented reality smartphone apps allow users to view the world through their phone's camera with an overlay of useful local information. But with the advent of augmented reality games, could fantasy finally become reality? A shadowy organisation is stalking a lone individual across London.

MirageTable: Microsoft presents augmented reality device

Microsoft has shown off an augmented reality system that allows users at different locations to work together on tabletop activities, sharing objects which they can both handle. Researchers said it could "fool" the eye to suggest both parties were using a "seamless 3D shared task space".

Mobile phones get cyborg vision

Zoe Kleinman tries out Acrossair's software that uses a phone's camera to tell you where the nearest London Underground station is. It's a gift that was once the preserve of fictional cyborgs.

Mobiles offer new view of reality

The organisation behind Firefox - Mozilla - has designed the Aurora project to predict how we may use the web in future. Virtual Reality has been a mainstay of sci-fi for decades but 2010 could see a pared-down version become mainstream.

Online photos can reveal our private data say experts

Face recognition technology can be used to gain access to a person's private data, according to a new study. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University combined image scanning, cloud computing and public profiles from social network sites to identify individuals in the offline world.

Project Glass: Developers' verdicts on Google's headset

Google's augmented reality headsets still remain prototypes, but it appears the firm is determined to bring them to market. It showed off the devices during one of the flashiest tech presentations to date at its I/O developers conference on Wednesday.

Real-world beaming: The risk of avatar and robot crime

First it was the telephone, then web cameras and Skype, now remote "presence" is about to take another big step forward - raising some urgent legal and ethical questions. Beaming, of a kind, is no longer pure science fiction.

Smart specs unite world and data

The headset, created by Olympus and phone-maker NTT Docomo, uses augmented reality software on an attached phone. While AR glasses are nothing new, these are among the first to add a miniature projecting display without too causing much encumbrance to the wearer.

TEDGlobal: Burns portrait comes alive at TED

An augmented reality app has brought a Robert Burns portrait to life on the TEDGlobal stage. The demonstration was part of a session at the TEDGlobal (Technology, Entertainment and Design) conference dedicated to makers and DIY-ers.

Website recreates London's West End

There's no litter on the streets, no queues for the shops and hardly any traffic. For anyone who has battled the real life Oxford Street in London on a Saturday afternoon, the virtual version seems to have a lot going for it.

Free will similar in animals, humans - but not so free

The free will that humans enjoy is similar to that exercised by animals as simple as flies, a scientist has said. The idea may simply require "free will" to be redefined, but tests show that animal behaviour is neither completely constrained nor completely free.

The Science of Why We Don’t Believe Science

“A MAN WITH A CONVICTION is a hard man to change. Tell him you disagree and he turns away. Show him facts or figures and he questions your sources. Appeal to logic and he fails to see your point.

YouTube drive to 'crowd-read' Spain classic Don Quixote

The Royal Spanish Academy has invited people around the world to record short chunks of the classic novel Don Quixote and upload them to YouTube. Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quixote is often described as Spain's most famous novel - and yet few have ever read it.

Wikipedia hosts India conference amid expansion push

Twenty-one-year-old Abishek Suryawanshi is a Wikimedian. For those who haven't read the relevant explanatory page online, that means he's an avid reader, writer and editor of the online encyclopaedia site Wikipedia.

What is Wikileaks?

Whistle-blowing website Wikileaks has dominated the news, both because of its steady drip feed of secret documents, but also because of the dealings of its enigmatic front man Julian Assange.

Website encourages crowds to keep an Eye on Earth

Green EU citizens are being encouraged to contribute their own environmental observations to a website. The Eye on Earth platform is a joint venture between the European Environment Agency (EEA) and Microsoft.

Twitter used to predict box office hits

Micro-blogging service Twitter can be used to predict the future box-office takings of blockbuster films, according to researchers at Hewlett Packard (HP). The computer scientists studied 3 million messages - known as tweets - about 25 movies, including Avatar.

Should we trust the wisdom of crowds?

A problem shared is a problem halved, goes the old saying. But what happens if you share a problem with millions of people? Are you left with a millionth of a problem? Or just lots of rubbish suggestions?

Seti Live website to crowdsource alien life

Announced at the TED (Technology, Entertainment and Design) conference in Los Angeles,the sitewill stream radio frequencies that are transmitted from the Seti (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) Allen Telescope Array. Participants will be asked to search for signs of unusual activity.

Scientists seek galaxy hunt help

A new project known as Galaxy Zoo is calling on members of the public to log on to its website and help classify one million galaxies. The hope is that about 30,000 people might take part in a project that could help reveal whether our existing models of the Universe are correct.

PC 'rebuilds Rome in a day' using pictures from Flickr

The images were analysed by a modified home PC and detailed models created in less than a day. The team behind the system think it may help preserve heritage sites, ensuring they don't end up swamped by tourists.

Oxford University wants help decoding Egyptian papyri

Oxford University is asking for help deciphering ancient Greek texts written on fragments of papyrus found in Egypt. Hundreds of thousands of images have gone on display on a website which encourages armchair archaeologists to help catalogue and translate them.

Open science: a future shaped by shared experience

Mapping the human genome showed how the internet can play a vital part in collective scientific research.

OMG. Did you just feel a quake?

Tweets are being used by the US Geological Survey (USGS) to get instant public reaction to earthquakes. The agency is trawling the messages to find out what people felt during a tremor - whether there was a lot of shaking in their area or not.

Mobile app sees science go global

A mobile phone application will help professional and "citizen" scientists collect and analyse data from "in the field", anywhere in the world.The EpiCollect software collates data from certain mobiles - on topics such as disease spread or the occurrence of rare species - in a web-based database.

Meet the Wikipedia of the mapping world

If you want to find an up-to-date map of Haiti, then there is only one place to go. It is not Google Maps or any of its competitors. It is the admirable OpenStreetMap.org (OSM), which is being updated even as I write by volunteers all over the world.

Malaysian web users team up for crowd-sourced film

Crowd-sourcing - the practice of enabling many people to help on a single task - is seen as one of the great triumphs of the world wide web. But one project in Malaysia is set to put the wisdom of crowds to the ultimate test, as it attempts to create a full-length feature film.

LHC@home allows public to help hunt for Higgs particle

The Large Hadron Collider team will be tapping into the collective computing power of the public to help it simulate particle physics experiments. Among other pursuits, the effort could help uncover the Higgs boson.

Kevin Macdonald's YouTube movie nearing completion

Many of us would be hard-pressed to remember what we were doing on 24 July this year. But for many YouTube fanatics, amateur film and documentary makers, or even just those curious of a unique movie-making experiment, that day was the chance to produce a small part of cinematic history.

Idle home PCs could raise cash for Charity Engine

Idle computers are being sought to raise cash for charities and contribute to a series of science projects. Charity Engine is a "citizen science" non-profit organisation that taps into the latent computational power of idle computers.

How to save the Earth via the World Wide Web

There are not many websites which literally give you the chance to protect the world. Yet, if you are keen on spending a few moments of your day defending the Earth from an imminent solar attack, the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London would like to hear from you.

How to explore Mars and have fun

The US space agency needs your help to explore Mars. The number of pictures returned by spacecraft since the 1960s is now so big that scientists cannot hope to study them all by themselves.

How to crowd-fund your stardom

Kim Boekbinder was not having the best of gigs. Her audience, all 18 of them, probably weren't having a great night either.

Gamification time: What if everything were just a game?

One more step, and a tiny creature will cross the bridge and get to safety. Just one more step - but letters do not match, the fragile structure blows up and the brown mole falls into a digital abyss.

Galaxy hunt draws massive traffic

An online initiative which asks members of the public to classify galaxies recorded unprecedented traffic in its first 48 hours. The venture is a follow-up to the Galaxy Zoo project launched in 2007.

Fake forum comments are 'eroding' trust in the web

Trust in information on the web is being damaged by the huge numbers of people paid by companies to post comments online, say researchers. Fake posters can "poison" debate and make people unsure about who they can trust, the study suggests.

EU could turn to 'crowd sourcing' in cyber crime fight

Millions of internet users across the EU could be encouraged to join the fight against cyber crime if a ground breaking experiment in "crowd sourcing" goes ahead. The director of Europol told peers he wants to get net users directly involved in catching cyber crime gangs.

Crowdsourcing: Turning customers into creative directors

Ning Li is Made.com's 28-year-old CEO, and we are at the company's London office, on the 11th floor of an unremarkable Notting Hill office block. Made.com is an online-only furniture retailer, so there's no danger that customers will drop by.

Click listeners test 'filter bubble'

How personalised is the web? That's the question that Click listeners all over the world have been helping us answer.

What is the Citizen Science Alliance?

The CSA is a collaboration of scientists, software developers and educators who collectively develop, manage and utilise internet-based citizen science projects in order to further science itself, and the public understanding of both science and of the scientific process.

CCTV site Internet Eyes hopes to help catch criminals

Internet Eyes will pay up to £1,000 to subscribers who regularly report suspicious activity such as shoplifting. Managing director Tony Morgan said the scheme would reduce crime and help prevent other anti-social behaviour.

Aid agencies 'must use new tools'

The "crowd-sourced" data that comes from victims of natural disasters and conflicts is now a crucial part in disaster management, says a new report. The UN Foundation/Vodafone Foundation Partnership report outlines examples of new technologies that mitigate conflicts and save lives worldwide.

Read more from Refinery 29

More and more patients are cutting out foods in an attempt to clear spots. But could this do more harm than good?This article was originally published by Refinery29. Read the original post here.

Coronavirus: Why so many people are dying in Belgium

Belgium is the world's worst affected country when it comes to the coronavirus mortality rate. That rate, unlike the total number of fatalities, is a measure of the number of deaths in relation to the size of population.

Mars: Mud flows on Red Planet behave like 'boiling toothpaste'

Scientists have made a surprising discovery about Mars by playing with muck in the laboratory. An international team of researchers wondered how volcanoes that spew mud instead of molten rock might look on the Red Planet compared with their counterparts here on Earth.

A world in crisis even without the pandemic: Five looming problems

Perhaps understandably, the Covid-19 pandemic has forced many other international stories off the news agenda.

Coronavirus may never go away, World Health Organization warns

The coronavirus "may never go away", the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned. Speaking at a briefing on Wednesday, WHO emergencies director Dr Mike Ryan warned against trying to predict when the virus would disappear.

CloudWatch Is of the Devil, but I Must Use It

Let's talk about Amazon CloudWatch.

Left-handed women anomaly over sense of smell

Scientists say they have discovered a biological anomaly that could change how we understand our sense of smell. The study in the journal Neuron shows some people can smell normally, despite missing the part of the brain that is considered to be crucial for smell - the olfactory bulbs.

TS Eliot letter sheds light on early relationship

In the letter, Eliot said he had fallen in love with drama teacher Emily Hale in 1912 but had realised, 35 years later, he did not actually love her. Eliot wrote hundreds of letters to Hale while he was married to his first wife, Vivienne Haigh-Wood.

Anna Jarvis: The woman who regretted creating Mother's Day

The woman responsible for the creation of Mother's Day, marked in many countries on the second Sunday in May, would have approved of the modest celebrations likely to take place this year. The commercialisation of the day horrified her - to the extent that she even campaigned to have it rescinded.

Coronavirus: How they tried to curb Spanish flu pandemic in 1918

It is dangerous to draw too many parallels between coronavirus and the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic, that killed at least 50 million people around the world. Covid-19 is an entirely new disease, which disproportionately affects older people.

Scientists obtain 'lucky' image of Jupiter

Astronomers have produced a remarkable new image of Jupiter, tracing the glowing regions of warmth that lurk beneath the gas giant's cloud tops.

The rape of Berlin

The USSR's role in the defeat of Nazi Germany World War Two 70 years ago is seen as the nation's most glorious moment. But there is another story - of mass rapes by Soviet soldiers of German women in the dying days of the war. Some readers may find this story disturbing.

VE Day: The fall of Nazi Berlin in pictures

After nearly four years of intense fighting, Soviet forces finally launched their assault on Berlin on 16 April 1945. Nazi Germany had invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 and killed an estimated 25 million of the country's civilians and military.

Read more from Knowable Magazine

As Covid-19 cases fill the world’s hospitals, among the sickest and most likely to die are those whose bodies react in a signature, catastrophic way. Immune cells flood into the lungs and attack them, when they should be protecting them. Blood vessels leak, and the blood itself clots.

Virginia 'sorry' for slavery role

Virginia's General Assembly has adopted a resolution, expressing "profound regret" for the role the US state played in slavery. The resolution was passed by a 96-0 vote in the House and also unanimously backed in the 40-member Senate.

UN opens slavery remembrance year

The United Nations has launched its International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery. A ceremony was held in the Ghanaian port of Cape Coast, once one of the most active slave trading centres.

UN calls for trafficking action

The world must do more to confront the largely unstudied and neglected phenomenon of people-trafficking, the United Nations has said in a report. So little is known about the problem, says the report, that no estimate can be given of the number affected.

The new face of slave labour

Every day millions of professionals work for free - notching up hundreds of hours of unpaid overtime. It's not written into contracts, often it's not even spoken of. It's just part of the 21st Century workplace. Are you putting in a day's work for free today? It may sound like a ridiculous notion.

Slave-making ants target the strong not the weak

Slavemaker ants prefer to target the strong over the weak when seeking new servants, researchers have found. Ants were observed actively choosing to attack larger, better defended colonies over smaller, weaker ones.

Slave descendants to sue Lloyd's

Descendants of black American slaves are to sue Lloyd's of London for insuring ships used in the trade. High-profile US lawyer Edward Fagan, who secured settlements from Swiss companies in the Nazi gold case, is taking the action for 10 plaintiffs.

Private prison

A private prison, or for-profit prison, is a place where people are imprisoned by a third party that is contracted by a government agency.

Nigerians lured to work in Italy

In just a few minutes driving along a road on the outskirts of Milan in northern Italy, we counted 20 women, almost all African, standing by the kerb. It was a cold night, but you wouldn't have guessed it from the outfits they were wearing. I used to have sex with many different men.

Millions 'live in modern slavery'

Some 12.3 million people are enslaved worldwide, according to a major report. The International Labour Organization says 2.4 million of them are victims of trafficking, and their labour generates profits of over $30bn.

Lincoln letter sets record price

A letter written by former US President Abraham Lincoln has sold for $3.4m (£1.7m) at auction in New York, setting a record for any American manuscript.

Five arrests in 'slavery' raid at Green Acres travellers' site

Twenty-four men suspected of being held against their will have been found during a raid at a travellers' site. Four men and a woman were arrested on suspicion of committing slavery offences in the raid at Green Acres travellers' site, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, on Sunday.

Egypt tombs suggest free men built pyramids, not slaves

Tombs discovered near Egypt's great pyramids reinforce the theory they were built by free workers rather than slaves. The location of the tombs, where workers who built the pyramids of Khufu (Cheops) and Khafre (Chephren) are buried, suggests they were not slaves.

Cherokees eject slave descendants

Members of the Cherokee Nation of native Americans have voted to revoke tribal citizenship for descendants of black slaves the Cherokees once owned. A total of 76.6% voted to amend the tribal constitution to limit citizenship to "blood" tribe members.

Bush deplores 'crime' of slavery

President George W Bush has described the transatlantic slave trade as "one of the greatest crimes of history". The president, speaking at the start of a five-nation tour of Africa, said: "Liberty and life were stolen and sold.

Brazil rescues farm workers from slave-like conditions

The Brazilian authorities say they have rescued 95 farm workers who were being kept in slave-like conditions in two south-eastern states, the official Agencia Brasil reports.

Born to be a slave in Niger

Slavery continues to blight the lives of many millions around the world. Although officially abolished in some countries two centuries ago, people trafficking, bonded labour and child labour still exist.

Experts shed light on David Livingstone massacre diary

Scientists used spectral imaging to recover the account of the massacre of 400 slaves, which had been written on old newspaper with makeshift ink. The manuscript, written in central Africa, deteriorated rapidly and is now virtually invisible to the naked eye.

[1111.6131] The Fermi Paradox, Self-Replicating Probes, and the Interstellar Transportation Bandwidth

Title: The Fermi Paradox, Self-Replicating Probes, and the Interstellar Transportation Bandwidth Authors: Keith B. Wiley Abstract: It has been widely acknowledged that self-replicating space-probes (SRPs) could explore the galaxy very quickly relative to the age of the galaxy.

Generation ship

Since such a ship might take centuries to thousands of years to reach even nearby stars, the original occupants of a generation ship would grow old and die, leaving their descendants to continue traveling.

Voyagers ride 'magnetic bubbles'

Humankind's most distant emissaries are flying through a turbulent sea of magnetism as they seek to break free of our Solar System.

Voyager: Still dancing 17 billion km from Earth

The most distant spacecraft from Earth, Voyager 1, is executing a series of roll manoeuvres, proving the 33-year-old explorer is in great shape. The extraordinary Voyager 1 spacecraft is demonstrating its nimbleness more than 30 years after leaving Earth.

Voyager-1 departs to interstellar space

When I sat down with the mission's project scientist in California in August 2012, his response was much the same as always: "My best estimate is that it will be in the next couple of years, but it may be in the next couple of days. It's unknown." Not anymore.

Stars concoct complex molecules

Chemical factories around young stars may give rise to far more complex molecules than previously thought. Relatively complex, carbon-containing molecules are found in comets and on nearby planets, thought to have been made elsewhere in our Solar System.

Project Longshot

Project Longshot was a conceptual interstellar spacecraft design. It would have been an unmanned probe, intended to fly to and enter orbit around Alpha Centauri B powered by nuclear pulse propulsion.[1]

Project Daedalus

Project Daedalus was a study conducted between 1973 and 1978 by the British Interplanetary Society to design a plausible unmanned interstellar spacecraft.

Probe may have found cosmic dust

Scientists may have identified the first specks of interstellar dust in material collected by the US space agency's Stardust spacecraft. The Nasa spacecraft was primarily sent to catch dust streaming from Comet Wild 2 and return it to Earth for analysis.

Particles point way for Nasa's Voyager

Scientists working on Voyager 1 are receiving further data suggesting the probe is close to crossing into interstellar space. The Nasa mission, which launched from Earth in 1977, could leave our Solar System at any time.

Japan unfurls Ikaros solar sail in space

Japanese scientists are celebrating the successful deployment of their solar sail, Ikaros. The 200-sq-m (2,100-sq-ft) membrane is attached to a small disc-shaped spacecraft that was put in orbit last month by an H-IIA rocket.

Hawking backs interstellar travel project

Stephen Hawking is backing a project to send tiny spacecraft to another star system within a generation. They would travel trillions of miles; far further than any previous craft.

Dead stars 'to guide spacecraft'

Spacecraft could one day navigate through the cosmos using a particular type of dead star as a kind of GPS. German scientists are developing a technique that allows for very precise positioning anywhere in space by picking up X-ray signals frompulsars.

Complex organic molecule found in interstellar space

Scientists have found the beginnings of life-bearing chemistry at the centre of the galaxy. Iso-propyl cyanide has been detected in a star-forming cloud 27,000 light-years from Earth.

Voyager near Solar System's edge

Voyager 1, the most distant spacecraft from Earth, has reached a new milestone in its quest to leave the Solar System. Now 17.4bn km (10.8bn miles) from home, the veteran probe has detected a distinct change in the flow of particles that surround it.

Former astronaut to lead starship effort

The Pentagon's premiere research agency has chosen a former astronaut to lead a foundation that is designed to take humanity to the stars. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) and Nasa are sponsoring the project, known as the 100-Year Starship.

Manchester historian deciphers hidden 'Plato Code'

A science historian in Manchester claims to have deciphered secret messages hidden in the ancient writings of the philosopher Plato.

God particle signal is simulated as sound

Scientists have simulated the sounds set to be made by sub-atomic particles such as the Higgs boson when they are produced at the Large Hadron Collider.

Choir to sing the 'code of life'

Scientists and composers have produced a new choral work in which performers sing parts of their own genetic code. Human DNA is made up of just four different chemical compounds, which gave musician Andrew Morley the idea of assigning a note to each of them.

Sonification

Sonification is the use of non-speech audio to convey information or perceptualize data.[1]Auditory perception has advantages in temporal, spatial, amplitude, and frequency resolution that open possibilities as an alternative or complement to visualization techniques.

New Banksy artwork appears at Southampton hospital

The largely monochrome painting, which is one square metre, was hung in collaboration with the hospital's managers in a foyer near the emergency department. It shows a young boy kneeling by a wastepaper basket dressed in dungarees and a T-shirt.

X Æ A-12: Elon Musk and Grimes confirm baby name

Elon Musk and singer Grimes have confirmed they have named their baby X Æ A-12. The Space X CEO announced the birth of their son on Monday. "Mom & baby all good," he said on Twitter.

Coronavirus mutations: Scientists puzzle over impact

Researchers in the US and UK have identified hundreds of mutations to the virus which causes the disease Covid-19. But none has yet established what this will mean for virus spread in the population and for how effective a vaccine might be.

Tesco mistake leads to beer rush

An error which slashed the price of beer and cider led to a stampede of customers at a number of Tesco supermarkets in Scotland. Police were called to Tesco in Greenock after heavy congestion was reported in the car park as customers rushed to get the deal.

Profit down 95% at Stella brewer

The world's biggest brewer, Anheuser-Busch InBev, has reported a 95% fall in three-month profits, blaming costs of restructuring the business Its attributable profits in the last quarter of 2008 fell to 49m euros ($62m; £43m) from 900m euros in 2007.

No deal in Belgian beer dispute

A second round of talks to end almost two weeks of blockades at the Belgian breweries of the world's largest beer-maker have ended without agreement.Staff at Anheuser-Busch (AB) InBev's plants in Leuven and Liege have now been blocking the entrances for 13 days in a row over 263 job cuts.

Molecular trap makes fresher beer

The approach works by removing riboflavin, or vitamin B2, which causes changes to beer's flavour when exposed to light passing through the bottle. Scientists at the Technical University of Dortmund designed a polymer "trap" with tiny crevices that capture the riboflavin molecules.

Making electricity from urine

Scientists have developed a way to convert urine in to a renewable energy source. But as Sally Magnusson, author of Life of Pee and presenter of Radio 4's Secret Science of Pee, writes in this viewpoint feature, there is some way to go before the idea is embraced more widely.

Iron-Age brewing evidence found in southeastern France

Archaeologists have uncovered evidence that the occupants of southeastern France were brewing beer during the Iron Age, some 2,500 years ago.

How Bronze Age man enjoyed his pint

Bronze Age Irishmen were as fond of their beer as their 21st century counterparts, it has been claimed. Two archaeologists have put forward a theory that one of the most common ancient monuments seen around Ireland may have been used for brewing ale.

Falling stout bubbles explained

Irish mathematicians may have solved the mystery of why bubbles in stout beers such as Guinness sink: it may simply be down to the glass. Simulations suggest an upward flow at the glass's centre and a downward flow at its edges in which the liquid carried the bubbles down with it.

Beer goggles 'don't disguise age'

The effect of "beer goggles" should not be used as an excuse for men getting a woman's age wrong, a study suggests. University of Leicester researchers showed 240 people, half of whom had been drinking, digitally-altered images of females meant to be 13, 17 or 20.

Brewing Up a Civilization

Did our Neolithic ancestors turn to agriculture so that they could be sure of a tipple? US Archaeologist Patrick McGovern thinks so. The expert on identifying traces of alcohol in prehistoric sites reckons the thirst for a brew was enough of an incentive to start growing crops.

'Free' Danish beer makes a splash

The Danes love their beer, but increasingly they are looking beyond the old Danish standby, Carlsberg, to quench their thirst. It is called Vores Oel, or Our Beer, and the recipe is proving to be a worldwide hit.

'Beer goggles' effect explained

Scientists believe they have worked out a formula to calculate how "beer goggles" affect a drinker's vision. The drink-fuelled phenomenon is said to transform supposedly "ugly" people into beauties - until the morning after.

Tourists hurt in Maldives blast

Twelve tourists have been wounded in a bomb blast in a park near the main mosque in the Maldives capital of Male, the UK Foreign Office has said. Two Britons, two Japanese and eight Chinese tourists were hurt by the bomb - reported to have been homemade.

Maldives: Paradise soon to be lost

To visit the Maldives is to witness the slow death of a nation. For as well as being blessed with sun-kissed paradise islands and pale, white sands, this tourist haven is cursed with mounting evidence of an environmental catastrophe.

Maldives rocked by protests against President Nasheed

Police in Maldives have used tear gas and batons to disperse a mass anti-government protest in the capital Male. Several thousand people gathered to demand President Mohamed Nasheed quit because of the worsening economy.

Maldives rises to climate challenge

Looking down from a sea plane flying above the Maldives, the coral islands are spread across the water like giant jellyfish emerging from the depths. People have lived on this archipelago for 3,000 years, and from the air it looks absolutely wonderful.

Maldives government complains of spoof atlas omission

The government of the Maldives has complained after the UK's Daily Telegraph website carried a satirical blog post saying the island nation is to be omitted from the Times Atlas of the World. The supposed omission was said to be due to impending climate change.

Maldives leader in climate change stunt

With fish darting amongst them in a blue lagoon, the Maldivian president and his top team have staged an elaborate stunt to publicise climate change.

Maldives boy 'acted on instinct'

A 16-year-old boy scout in the Maldives who has been hailed a hero for saving the president's life has said that he acted "out of instinct". Mohammed Jaisham Ibrahim injured his hand while thwarting a man who tried to knife President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom in the north of the islands on Monday.

Maldives girl's 100 lashes sentence overturned

The High Court ruled on Wednesday that the girl, whose stepfather is on trial for raping her, had been wrongly convicted by a juvenile court of having premarital sex with another man. Premarital sex is illegal in the Maldives, a popular tourist venue.

Maldives 'Rubbish Island' is 'overwhelmed' by garbage

The government of the Maldives has temporarily banned the depositing of rubbish from its hotels onto an island used almost entirely as a garbage dump. Thilafushi, an artificial island 7km (four miles) from the capital, is nicknamed Rubbish Island.

Maldives

The Maldives (/ˈmɔːldiːvs/, US: /ˈmɔːldaɪvz/ (listen); Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ Dhivehi Raajje), officially the Republic of Maldives, is a small island nation in South Asia, located in the Arabian Sea of the Indian Ocean.

Extreme makeunder in the Maldives

The BBC's Chris Morris explores the private presidential island As we headed out to sea from Male, I still had the president's words ringing in my ears: "Last time I talked to you," he said, "I ended up in jail.

Scientists explain magnetic pole's wanderings

European scientists think they can now describe with confidence what's driving the drift of the North Magnetic Pole. It's shifted in recent years away from Canada towards Siberia.

Coronavirus: The lure of mafia money during the crisis

As the Covid-19 death toll grows, Italy's organised crime gangs have been looking to make millions. Many Italians feel they have no option but to accept the lifeline the mob is offering.

'Murder hornets' land in the US for the first time

Even as the US remains under attack from the coronavirus outbreak, a new terror has arrived: "murder hornets". The 2-inch long Asian giant hornets have landed in the US for the first time, spotted on the west coast.

Coronavirus: 'Missing link' species may never be found

An "intermediate host" animal passed the coronavirus from wild bats to humans, evidence suggests. But while the World Health Organization says that the research points to the virus's "natural origin", some scientists say it might never be known how the first person was infected.

Malaria 'completely stopped' by microbe

Scientists have discovered a microbe that completely protects mosquitoes from being infected with malaria. The team in Kenya and the UK say the finding has "enormous potential" to control the disease.

Love Bug's creator tracked down to repair shop in Manila

The man behind the world's first major computer virus outbreak has admitted his guilt, 20 years after his software infected millions of machines worldwide.

Algerian singer Hamid Cheriet - Idir - dies in France at 70

Algerian singer Hamid Cheriet, better known as Idir, has died in France at the age of 70. The tireless champion of the Kabyle and Berber cultures died of pulmonary disease.

Coronavirus: What global travel may look like ahead of a vaccine

Sun loungers separated by plexiglass. Blood tests and sanitiser spray-downs before flights. These might sound extreme, but they are real measures some in the travel industry are looking at to keep holidaymakers feeling safe and comfortable in a post-lockdown world.

Coronavirus: 'Covid toe' and other rashes puzzle doctors

Five rashes, including Covid toe, are affecting some hospital patients diagnosed with Covid-19, a small study by Spanish doctors has found. The rashes tended to appear in younger people and lasted several days.

Is the world's biggest iceberg about to break up?

The world's biggest iceberg, A-68, just got a little smaller. At around 5,100 sq km, the behemoth has been the largest free-floating block of ice in Antarctica since it broke away from the continent in July 2017.

Hafthor Bjornsson: Game of Thrones actor breaks 501kg deadlift record

Game of Thrones actor Hafthor Bjornsson has set a world deadlifting record by lifting 501 kg (1,104 lbs). Bjornsson, a powerlifter who portrayed Ser Gregor "The Mountain" Clegane in the HBO series, broke the record at his gym in his native Iceland.

Coronavirus: Trump seems to undercut US spies on virus origins

US President Donald Trump has appeared to undercut his own intelligence agencies by suggesting he has seen evidence coronavirus originated in a Chinese laboratory. Earlier the US national intelligence director's office said it was still investigating how the virus began.

Jesus tomb found, says film-maker

Jesus had a son named Judah and was buried alongside Mary Magdalene, according to a new documentary by Hollywood film director James Cameron. The film examines a tomb found near Jerusalem in 1980 which producers say belonged to Jesus and his family.

Joan of Arc remains 'are fakes'

Bones thought to be the holy remains of 15th Century French heroine Joan of Arc were in fact made from an Egyptian mummy and a cat, research has revealed. In 1867, a jar was found in a Paris pharmacy attic, along with a label claiming it held relics of Joan's body.

'Crazy beast' lived among last of dinosaurs

The 66-million-year-old fossil is described in the journal Nature. Its discovery challenges previous assumptions that mammals would have had to be very small - the size of mice - to survive alongside dinosaurs.

Coronavirus 'will hasten the decline of cash'

Coronavirus will hasten the decline in the use of cash as people make a long-term switch to digital payments, experts say. The lockdown has led to a 60% fall in the number of withdrawals from cash machines, although people are taking out bigger sums.

Dancing gargantuan black holes perform on cue

Astronomers have been able to test key consequences of Einstein's theories by studying the way a couple of black holes move around each other. One of these objects is a true colossus - a hole weighing 18 billion times the mass of our Sun; the other not quite so big at "only" 150 million Sun masses.

‘I was a teacher for 17 years, but I couldn’t read or write’

John Corcoran grew up in New Mexico in the US during the 1940s and 50s. One of six siblings, he graduated from high school, went on to university, and became a teacher in the 1960s - a job he held for 17 years. But, as he explains here, he hid an extraordinary secret.

Pentagon releases UFO videos for the record

The US Department of Defense has released three declassified videos of "unexplained aerial phenomena". The Pentagon said it wanted to "clear up any misconceptions by the public on whether or not the footage that has been circulating was real".

Coronavirus immunity: Can you catch it twice?

Prime Minister Boris Johnson is self-isolating even though he has already had Covid-19. So why is he having to keep away from people - isn't he immune? Coronavirus is a completely new infection in people.

Should we give up on the dream of space elevators?

Elevators that can whisk people and cargo up from the planet’s surface into space could spell an end to polluting rockets. But making them reality is a challenge. Nic Fleming investigates.

Space elevators: Going up?

The Russians don’t do countdowns. For the final few seconds before launch those of us watching just hold our breath and stand well back. I find several thousand kilometres back at the European Space Agency’s mission control in Germany to be safest.

The Fountains of Paradise

The Fountains of Paradise is a novel by British writer Arthur C. Clarke. Set in the 22nd century, it describes the construction of a space elevator.

The boy who photographed La Belle Époque of France

Jacques Henri Lartigue, born in 1894 in Courbevoie, was given a camera as a boy by his father at the dawn of the 20th Century. He began taking photographs of his life, including snapshots of his parents; his bedroom; his nanny Dudu throwing a ball up into the air; his brother jumping off a boat.

Law of triviality

Law of triviality is C. Northcote Parkinson's 1957 argument that people within an organization commonly or typically give disproportionate weight to trivial issues.

Gruffalo artist Axel Scheffler: 'This was something I could do to help'

The illustrator is famous for his weird and wonderful pictures of animals in books like The Gruffalo, but now the coronavirus pandemic has brought him back into the real world with a bump. The 62-year-old has just helped to produce what must have been one of the fastest books in history.

Coronavirus: Belgians urged to eat more chips by lockdown-hit potato growers

Belgians are well known for loving chips (frites), often with a big dollop of mayonnaise, but hard-up farmers now want them to eat chips twice a week.

El Salvador's jails: : Where social distancing is impossible

Latin America has some of the most overcrowded jails in the world. With prisoners crammed into tiny cells by the dozen, social distancing is impossible and poor medical facilities mean any outbreak of coronavirus would spread like wildfire.

Move to new planet, says Hawking

The human race must move to a planet beyond our Solar System to protect the future of the species, physicist Professor Stephen Hawking has warned. He told the BBC that life could be wiped out by a nuclear disaster or an asteroid hitting the planet.

Early humans 'followed coast'

The first humans who left Africa to populate the world headed south along the coast of the Indian Ocean, Science magazine reports. Scientists had always thought the exodus from Africa around 70,000 years ago took place along a northern route into Europe and Asia.

DNA legacy of ancient seafarers

Scientists have used DNA to re-trace the migrations of a sea-faring civilisation which dominated the Mediterranean thousands of years ago. The Phoenicians were an enterprising maritime people from the territory of modern-day Lebanon.

Ancient humans 'followed rains'

Prehistoric humans roamed the world's largest desert for some 5,000 years, archaeologists have revealed. The Eastern Sahara of Egypt, Sudan, Libya and Chad was home to nomadic people who followed rains that turned the desert into grassland.

Ant mega-colony takes over world

Argentine ants living in vast numbers across Europe, the US and Japan belong to the same inter-related colony, and will refuse to fight one another. The colony may be the largest of its type ever known for any insect species, and could rival humans in the scale of its world domination.

Jack Ma: The billionaire trying to stop coronavirus (and fix China's reputation)

The richest man in China opened his own Twitter account last month, in the middle of the Covid-19 outbreak. So far, every one of his posts has been devoted to his unrivalled campaign to deliver medical supplies to almost every country around the world.

Embracing the IndieWeb

I’ve used Disqus comments on this site for a long time. At the time I set it up, it was ubiquitous, easy to set up, and a no-brainer. However, after converting my site to Gatsby and getting the site to load Blazing Fast™, the Disqus embed code was the slowest thing on my site.

#experiment+in+implementing+a+marginalia

I write margin notes while reading books. They help me keep my thoughts on record and within context. But how do I do that on a website or an ebook? This is an experiment in implementing a marginalia (or annotation) system using the principles of the indieweb.

gatsby-plugin-webmention

Consider setting up brid.gy to get Tweets sent as webmentions to webmention.io.

Getting started with Webmentions in Gatsby

I have been curious to learn more about webmentions and the IndieWeb for a while now. Putting together my new blog seemed like an excellent opportunity to learn more about it. So keep in mind that I’m pretty new to this stuff, and just sharing my learning process as I go along.

Webmentions: Enabling Better Communication on the Internet

Over 1 million Webmentions will have been sent across the internet since the specification was made a full Recommendation by the W3C—the standards body that guides the direction of the web—in early January 2017.

Webmention

Webmention is a simple protocol to notify any URL when a website links to it, and for web pages to request notifications when somebody links to them. Webmention was originally developed in the IndieWebCamp community[1] and published as a W3C working draft on 2016-01-12.

Woody Allen & His New Orleans Jazz Band – a musician of 'awful dreadfulness'? Not at all

Royal Albert Hall, London The film-maker is a fine amateur clarinetist, and, at the Albert Hall, he and his polished band played a set that was a warm and tender tribute to jazz’s early years Royal Albert Hall, London The film-maker is a fine amateur clarinetist, and, at the Albe

Coronavirus: Has Sweden got its science right?

Sweden's strategy to keep large parts of society open is widely backed by the public. It has been devised by scientists and backed by government, and yet not all the country's virologists are convinced. There is no lockdown here.

Coronavirus: Belgium unveils plans to lift lockdown

Belgian Prime Minister Sophie Wilmès has announced a detailed plan to gradually lift the country's coronavirus restrictions.

An ancient world concealed underground

In cities as old as Naples, residents have become used to unearthing classical Roman treasures, antiquated cisterns and other historic artefacts underneath their homes when it comes time to renovate.

Musk says SpaceX is 'fixing' brightness from satellites

SpaceX chief executive Elon Musk said the company was "fixing" the brightness of his company's satellites. Stargazers around the world and including many Britons have witnessed unusual constellations made up of the low earth orbit spacecraft.

US announces millions in aid for resource-rich Greenland

The US has announced a $12.1m (£10m) aid package for mineral-rich Greenland - a move welcomed by the Danish territory's government. This year the US will also open a consulate in the vast Arctic territory, whose population is just 56,000.

Nature crisis: 'Insect apocalypse' more complicated than thought

The global health of insect populations is far more complicated than previously thought, new data suggests. Previous research indicated an alarming decline in numbers in all parts of world, with losses of up to 25% per decade.

Will anyone ever find Shackleton's lost ship?

It's going to take a monumental effort to locate the iconic ship of Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton. This is the conclusion of scientists who tried and failed last year to find the Endurance, which sank in 3,000m of water in the Weddell Sea in 1915.

From Static to Real-time: Introducing Incremental Builds in Gatsby Cloud

Today I’m thrilled to announce the release of Incremental Builds on Gatsby Cloud. In January we announced Gatsby Builds, bringing you up to 60x faster builds for Gatsby sites compared to other solutions. Now Incremental Builds reliably brings build times on data changes to under 10 seconds.

'Oumuamua: 'space cigar's' tumble hints at violent past

The space interloper 'Oumuamua is spinning chaotically and will carry on doing so for more than a billion years. That is the conclusion of new Belfast research that has examined in detail the light bouncing off the cigar-shaped asteroid from outside our Solar System.

'Alien comet' visitor has weird composition

The first known comet to visit us from another star system has an unusual make-up, according to new research. The interstellar comet 2I/Borisov was detected in our Solar System last year.

Plant disease: UK restricts olive tree imports to halt infection

Severe restrictions will be placed on imports of some very popular trees and plants in an effort to halt a deadly infection. Xylella fastidiosa has wreaked havoc on olive plantations in parts of Italy and has also been found in France and Spain.

Coronavirus: Immigration to US to be suspended amid pandemic, Trump says

President Donald Trump has said he will sign an executive order to temporarily suspend all immigration to the US because of the coronavirus. On Twitter, he cited "the attack from the invisible enemy", as he calls the virus, and the need to protect the jobs of Americans, but did not give details.

How to make pizza like a Neapolitan master

When you think of Italy’s most memorable dishes, its beloved pizza will most likely be among your top five, if not top three, favourites. It’s an ultimate comfort food that has become an ever-growing obsession around the world.

Coronavirus: Will Covid-19 speed up the use of robots to replace human workers?

As a pandemic grips the world, a person could be forgiven if they had forgotten about another threat to humanity's way of life - the rise of robots. For better or worse the robots are going to replace many humans in their jobs, analysts say, and the coronavirus outbreak is speeding up the process.

How city life can breed smarter pests

Some thought they would be the Fort Knox of bins. Well, sort of. Resistant to marauding raccoons, or at least that was the hope. To residents of Toronto, Canada, raccoons are a familiar pest. The mammals adore rummaging through household waste, seeking out scraps of food.

The story of the fake bomb detectors

From the battle against suicide bombers in Baghdad, to the drug wars in Mexico and the campaign against poachers in Africa, the "magic wand" detectors were used to search for explosives, cocaine and smuggled ivory.

Nasa to launch first manned mission from US in decade

Nasa has announced that next month it will launch its first manned mission from US soil in almost 10 years. The rocket and the spacecraft it is carrying are due to take off from Florida’s Kennedy Space Centre on 27 May, taking two astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS).