Slavery (

Slavery is the ownership of a person as property, especially in regards to their labor. Slavery typically involves compulsory work with the slave's location of work and residence dictated by the party that holds them in bondage. Enslavement is the placement of a person into slavery.

Many historical cases of enslavement occurred as a result of breaking the law, becoming indebted, suffering a military defeat, or exploitation for cheaper labor; other forms of slavery were instituted along demographic lines such as race or sex. Slaves may be kept in bondage for life, or for a fixed period of time after which they would be granted freedom. Although slavery is usually involuntary and involves coercion, there are also cases where people voluntarily enter into slavery to pay a debt or earn money due to poverty. In the course of human history, slavery was a typical feature of civilization, and was legal in most societies, but it is now outlawed in most countries of the world, except as a punishment for a crime.

In chattel slavery, the slave is legally rendered the personal property (chattel) of the slave owner. In economics, the term de facto slavery describes the conditions of unfree labour and forced labour that most slaves endure.

The Islamic Republic of Mauritania was the last internationally recognized country in the world to officially ban slavery, however the actual effects of the ban are disputed. The Islamic State enslaved hundreds of thousands of people in the Middle East during its brief conquests in mid 2010-s. In 2007, "under international pressure", its government passed a law allowing slaveholders to be prosecuted. However, in 2019, approximately 40 million people, of whom 26% were children, were still enslaved throughout the world despite slavery being illegal. In the modern world, more than 50% of slaves provide forced labour, usually in the factories and sweatshops of the private sector of a country's economy. In industrialised countries, human trafficking is a modern variety of slavery; in non-industrialised countries, enslavement by debt bondage is a common form of enslaving a person, such as captive domestic servants, people in forced marriages, and child soldiers.

Source: Slavery (

Andrew Tate: Chats in 'War Room' suggest dozens of women groomed

Evidence that dozens of women were groomed into online sex work by members of influencer Andrew Tate's "War Room" group has been uncovered by the BBC. Leaked internal chat logs identify 45 potential victims between March 2019 and April 2020 but the total number is likely to be higher.

China: Dalai Lama furore reignites Tibet 'slave' controversy

An online backlash to the Dalai Lama has rejuvenated a long-running controversy over Tibetan history and boosted a Chinese government narrative. The Tibetan Buddhist leader has faced widespread criticism after a video surfaced showing him kissing a young boy and asking him to suck his tongue.

New Rule: A Unified Theory of Wokeness | Real Time with Bill Maher (HBO)

Subscribe to the Real Time YouTube: It's time to stop judging everyone in the past by the standards of the present. Connect with Real Time Online: Find Real Time on Facebook: Find Real Time on Twitter: Find Real T

The family secrets kept for generations

Last year, my friend Alex came to visit me in London from the US. We met over 10 years ago in New York City: I am a Black British Londoner, and Alex is originally from Michigan. During her visit, we talked about our careers, our families – and family secrets.

King Charles supports study into royal family slavery links

The King has expressed his support for the first time for research into the Royal Family's historical links to the slave trade.

Netherlands slavery: Saying sorry leaves Dutch divided

The Netherlands is expected to apologise for slavery, with a speech on Monday by the prime minister and ministerial visits to the Caribbean and Suriname.

The Most Brutal Ant: The Slaver Ant Polyergus

Offset your carbon footprint on Wren: ​ For the first 200 people who sign up, Kurzgesagt will pay for the first month of your subscription! This video was sponsored by Wren, thanks a lot for the support! Sources & further reading:

The Kenyans lured to become unwitting 'love' fraudsters

In our series of letters from African journalists, Waihiga Mwaura from Kenya's Citizen TV looks at how Kenyans are being scammed by trafficking cartels posing as job recruitment agents. If something looks too good to be true, it probably is.

Why slave descendants want the Benin Bronzes to stay in US

In our series of letters from African journalists, Nigerian writer Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani looks at how descendants of slaves in the US have entered the tug of war over some of Africa's most famous artefacts that were stolen during the colonial era and ended up mainly in Western museums.

'There's power in names': Antigua unearths lost ancestors

At precisely 47.5 years old, house carpenter "Polydore" - surname absent - is cited as a "good workman" and the property of His Majesty King George. So reads a 1785 register of enslaved Africans in Antigua in which Polydore appears among hundreds of others.

Earl and Countess of Wessex: Why Grenada wanted to talk to royals about slavery

Negative headlines followed the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge's tour of the Caribbean, while hours before they they landed for their own tour, the Earl and Countess of Wessex cancelled a visit to Grenada. So what did Grenadians want to tell the royals about Britain's past?

The last known ship of the US slave trade

"It's crazy to think they would have sailed right past here," Darron Patterson said, pulling his car onto a scrap of grass overlooking the murky Mobile River.

Dutch King Willem-Alexander retires coach amid slavery row

The Netherlands' King Willem-Alexander has announced that Dutch royals will cease using a historic golden carriage amid a debate over slavery links. Critics say that one side of the horse-drawn carriage, called De Gouden Koets, is decorated with an image that glorifies the country's colonial past.

'I'll be at front of queue to change my slave name'

Descendants of African slaves have told the BBC they will change their surnames, after a Dutch city decided to make the procedure free of charge.

Amsterdam mayor apologises for city's role in slave trade

The mayor of Amsterdam in the Netherlands has formally apologised for the city's role in slavery, as the country reckons with its colonial past. Femke Halsema said it was "time to engrave the great injustice of colonial slavery into our city's identity".

German boy, 11, calls police over housework

A boy of 11 called a German police emergency line to complain of "forced labour" after his mother told him to help clean the home.Police say the boy from Aachen, who has not been identified, spoke to an officer via the 110 number.They say he complained: "I have to work all day long.

'My Nigerian great-grandfather sold slaves'

Amid the global debate about race relations, colonialism and slavery, some of the Europeans and Americans who made their fortunes in trading human beings have seen their legacies reassessed, their statues toppled and their names removed from public buildings.

Genetic impact of African slave trade revealed in DNA study

Image source, ReutersA major DNA study has shed new light on the fate of millions of Africans who were traded as slaves to the Americas between the 16th and 19th centuries.

US Senator Tom Cotton defends slavery remarks

Republican Senator Tom Cotton said US founders viewed slavery as a "necessary evil upon which the union was built". His comments were criticised as an attempt justify the slavery of black people.

Supermarkets snub coconut goods picked by monkeys

image copyrightGetty ImagesA number of supermarkets have removed some coconut water and oil from their shelves after it emerged the products were made with fruit picked by monkeys.

US first lady 'slave roots' found

Research into the family of US First Lady Michelle Obama has revealed that her great-great-great-grandmother was a slave given away at the age of six. According to genealogist Megan Smolenyak, the girl was described in papers only as "negro girl Melvinia".

Virginia 'sorry' for slavery role

Virginia's General Assembly has adopted a resolution, expressing "profound regret" for the role the US state played in slavery. The resolution was passed by a 96-0 vote in the House and also unanimously backed in the 40-member Senate.

UN opens slavery remembrance year

The United Nations has launched its International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery. A ceremony was held in the Ghanaian port of Cape Coast, once one of the most active slave trading centres.

UN calls for trafficking action

The world must do more to confront the largely unstudied and neglected phenomenon of people-trafficking, the United Nations has said in a report. So little is known about the problem, says the report, that no estimate can be given of the number affected.

The new face of slave labour

Every day millions of professionals work for free - notching up hundreds of hours of unpaid overtime. It's not written into contracts, often it's not even spoken of. It's just part of the 21st Century workplace. Are you putting in a day's work for free today? It may sound like a ridiculous notion.

Slave-making ants target the strong not the weak

Slavemaker ants prefer to target the strong over the weak when seeking new servants, researchers have found. Ants were observed actively choosing to attack larger, better defended colonies over smaller, weaker ones.

Slave descendants to sue Lloyd's

Descendants of black American slaves are to sue Lloyd's of London for insuring ships used in the trade. High-profile US lawyer Edward Fagan, who secured settlements from Swiss companies in the Nazi gold case, is taking the action for 10 plaintiffs.

Private prison

A private prison, or for-profit prison, is a place where people are imprisoned by a third party that is contracted by a government agency.

Nigerians lured to work in Italy

In just a few minutes driving along a road on the outskirts of Milan in northern Italy, we counted 20 women, almost all African, standing by the kerb. It was a cold night, but you wouldn't have guessed it from the outfits they were wearing. I used to have sex with many different men.

Millions 'live in modern slavery'

Some 12.3 million people are enslaved worldwide, according to a major report. The International Labour Organization says 2.4 million of them are victims of trafficking, and their labour generates profits of over $30bn.

Lincoln letter sets record price

A letter written by former US President Abraham Lincoln has sold for $3.4m (£1.7m) at auction in New York, setting a record for any American manuscript.

Five arrests in 'slavery' raid at Green Acres travellers' site

Twenty-four men suspected of being held against their will have been found during a raid at a travellers' site. Four men and a woman were arrested on suspicion of committing slavery offences in the raid at Green Acres travellers' site, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, on Sunday.

Egypt tombs suggest free men built pyramids, not slaves

Tombs discovered near Egypt's great pyramids reinforce the theory they were built by free workers rather than slaves. The location of the tombs, where workers who built the pyramids of Khufu (Cheops) and Khafre (Chephren) are buried, suggests they were not slaves.

Cherokees eject slave descendants

Members of the Cherokee Nation of native Americans have voted to revoke tribal citizenship for descendants of black slaves the Cherokees once owned. A total of 76.6% voted to amend the tribal constitution to limit citizenship to "blood" tribe members.

Bush deplores 'crime' of slavery

President George W Bush has described the transatlantic slave trade as "one of the greatest crimes of history". The president, speaking at the start of a five-nation tour of Africa, said: "Liberty and life were stolen and sold.

Brazil rescues farm workers from slave-like conditions

The Brazilian authorities say they have rescued 95 farm workers who were being kept in slave-like conditions in two south-eastern states, the official Agencia Brasil reports.

Born to be a slave in Niger

Slavery continues to blight the lives of many millions around the world. Although officially abolished in some countries two centuries ago, people trafficking, bonded labour and child labour still exist.

Slave Voyages

The SlaveVoyages website is a collaborative digital initiative that compiles and makes publicly accessible records of the largest slave trades in history.

Experts shed light on David Livingstone massacre diary

A diary written 140 years ago by Scots explorer David Livingstone can now be read for the first time after experts shed new light on the badly-faded text.Scientists used spectral imaging to recover the account of the massacre of 400 slaves, which had been written on old newspaper with makeshift ink.

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