Czechia & Slovakia

Czechoslovakia ( Czech and Československo, Česko-Slovensko) was a landlocked state in Central Europe, created in 1918, when it declared its independence from Austria-Hungary. In 1938, after the Munich Agreement, the Sudetenland became part of Nazi Germany, while the country lost further territories to Hungary and Poland. Between 1939 and 1945, the state ceased to exist, as Slovakia proclaimed its independence and the remaining territories in the east became part of Hungary, while in the remainder of the Czech Lands, the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was proclaimed. In 1939, after the outbreak of World War II, former Czechoslovak President Edvard Beneš formed a government-in-exile and sought recognition from the Allies.

After World War II, the pre-1938 Czechoslovakia was reestablished, with the exception of Carpathian Ruthenia, which became part of the Ukrainian SSR (a republic of the Soviet Union). From 1948 to 1989, Czechoslovakia was part of the Eastern Bloc with a planned economy. Its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949 and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of 1955. A period of political liberalization in 1968, the Prague Spring, ended violently when the Soviet Union, assisted by other Warsaw Pact countries, invaded Czechoslovakia. In 1989, as Marxist–Leninist governments and communism were ending all over Central and Eastern Europe, Czechoslovaks peacefully deposed their communist government during the Velvet Revolution, which began on 17 November 1989 and ended 11 days later on 28 November when all of the top Communist leaders and Communist party itself resigned. On 31 December 1992, Czechoslovakia peacefully split into the two sovereign states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia as the result of national tensions of the Slovaks.

Source: Czechoslovakia (

Soviet invasions of Hungary and Czechoslovakia were wrong, Putin says

Russian President Vladimir Putin has said the Soviet invasions of Hungary and Czechoslovakia were wrong. Speaking at a forum in eastern Russia, he said it is not right to do anything in foreign policy that harms the interests of other people.

Milan Kundera, author of The Unbearable Lightness of Being, dies aged 94

Milan Kundera, one of the biggest names in European literature in recent decades, has died in Paris aged 94. His best-known work was his 1984 novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being.

Kundera rejects Czech 'informer' tag

The Czech Republic's best-known author, Milan Kundera, has spoken to the media for the first time in 25 years to deny claims he informed on a suspected Western agent in 1950.

Milan Kundera

Milan Kundera (* 1. dubna 1929 Brno) je česko-francouzský spisovatel.[4] Od roku 1975 žije ve Francii, v roce 1979 byl zbaven československého státního občanství, roku 1981 získal občanství francouzské, v roce 2019 mu bylo vráceno občanství české.

Czechoslovakia: Czechs and Slovaks mark 30 years since Velvet Divorce

31 December marked the 30th anniversary of the break-up of Czechoslovakia; one of the few cases in history when a state has been divided up without a single life being lost.

Ukraine war: Putin has redrawn the world - but not the way he wanted

Vladimir's Putin's invasion of Ukraine has changed the world. We are living in new and more dangerous times - the post-Cold War era that began with the fall of the Berlin Wall is over.


Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia[2] (/ˌtʃɛkoʊsloʊˈvækiə, -kə-, -slə-, -ˈvɑː-/;[3][4]Czech and Slovak: Československo, Česko-Slovensko),[5][6] was a sovereign state in Central Europe,[7] created in October 1918, when it declared its independence from Austria-Hungary.

Welcome to Jáchymov: the Czech town that invented the dollar

The US dollar is the most widely used currency in the world. It is both the primary de facto global tender and the world’s unofficial gold standard.

100+1 zahraniční zajímavost

Atlas světa Ruiny prastarých mayských pyramid ozvláštňují jinak jednotvárnou a téměř plochou krajinu mexického státu Yukatán na severu stejnojmenného poloostrova.

1968: Caught in an international emergency

1968: Caught in an international emergency Soviet tanks rolled into the Czech capital on 21 August 1968. The government of the USSR was responding to a democratic movement led by Prime Minister Alexander Dubcek, which it felt threatened Communism's grip on Eastern Europe.


Copyright 2005-2018 © Jaromír Nohavica. Určeno jen pro osobní využití. Publikování nebo jakékoliv jiné formy dalšího šíření obsahu serveru (vyjma informací v rubrikách „Novinky“ a „Koncerty“) jsou bez písemného souhlasu Jaromíra Nohavici zakázány.

Vaclav Havel, Czech leader and playwright, dies at 75

Vaclav Havel, the Czech Republic's first president after the Velvet Revolution against communist rule, has died at the age of 75. The former dissident playwright, who suffered from prolonged ill-health, died on Sunday morning, his secretary Sabina Tancecova said.

Milos Zeman: The Czech leader proud to be politically incorrect

The Czech Republic's colourful and provocative President Milos Zeman was rushed to intensive care just hours after a centre-right alliance narrowly won the country's parliamentary election. Mr Zeman, 77, is supposed to oversee the formation of a new government - a duty now thrown into doubt.

Amnesty says Czech schools still fail Roma Gypsies

Czech schools are still riddled with "systematic discrimination" that ensures Roma children get an inferior education, Amnesty International says. The human rights group has called on the Czech Republic to end what it calls racial segregation in schools.

Calls for new inquiry into Belgian police custody death

The wife of a Slovak man who died in Belgian police custody has called for a fresh inquiry after shocking images of his detention emerged. Jozef Chovanec was arrested at Charleroi airport in 2018 after causing a disturbance on his flight.

Slovakia: Deadly knife attack at primary school in Vrutky

The attacker, a 22-year-old man, was a former pupil who had broken into the school in the town of Vrutky. Police said they had later shot dead the attacker and the situation was under control.

Slovenský raj - Turistika, mapy, fotografie, ubytovanie, ... - Slovenský raj

Ak si chcete uložiť túto stránku medzi obľúbené, stlačte prosím nasledujúce dve klávesy naraz CTRL+D.

Pavol Hudák

Pavol Hudák (7 October 1959 in Vranov nad Toplou, Czechoslovakia – 18 January 2011 in Poprad, Slovakia) was a Slovak poet, journalist and publicist. He grew up and studied grammar school in Vyšný Žipov.

Medzinárodný festival horských filmov

Aj tohto roku môžete podporiť svojimi dvomi percentami Horský film Poprad, n.f., ktorý tohto roku pripravuje už XXII. Medzinárodný festival horských filmov v Poprade. Bude sa konať v dňoch 8. – 12. 10. 2014. Ďakujeme.

One dead at Slovak music festival

One person has died after a giant tent collapsed on a crowd of concert goers at Slovakia's biggest music festival, reports say. Another 40 were injured - 15 seriously - when a gust of wind lifted and then brought down the tent during a rain storm in the western town of Trencin.

Slovakia angered by horror film

Slovakian officials have expressed concerns that hit film Hostel tarnishes the reputation of their country. The horror movie, which topped the US box office charts, shows backpackers falling prey to a brutal torture ring at the hands of Slovakian women. "I am offended by this film.

Pavol Hudák - básnik

Medailón o básnikovi Pavlovi Hudákovi. SPIŠSKOSOBOTSKÝ CINTORÍN V Sobote je rušno, Jakubisko natáča Tisícročnú včelu, dlhovlasí štatisti v c.k. uniformách si šúchajú ruky, začína byť zima, večer je diskotéka vo Veľkej a ráno futbal, len túto scénu nie a nie skončiť, p

Czechoslovakia Czechia Slovakia Czech Republic