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Scientists have used a supercomputer to simulate what the Universe was like as the first galaxies were forming. The model maps how matter is thought to have been distributed a few hundred million years after the Big Bang. The work should help astronomers hunt down ancient galaxies using the latest telescope technologies - they will know what to look for.


 universe Big Bang simulation supercomputer
A detailed simulation of a small region of a brain built molecule by molecule has been constructed and has recreated experimental results from real brains. The "Blue Brain" has been put in a virtual body, and observing it gives the first indications of the molecular and neural basis of thought and memory. Scaling the simulation to the human brain is only a matter of money, says the project's head...


 simulation brain neuroscience thought memory virtual
Much as meteorologists predict the path and intensity of hurricanes, Indiana University's Alessandro Vespignani believes we will one day predict with unprecedented foresight, specificity and scale such things as the economic and social effects of billions of new Internet users in China and India, or the exact location and number of airline flights to cancel around the world in order to halt the spread of a pandemic...


 future simulation complexity foresight
When you get a computer as large as a petaflop, you can start to think of simulations that might complement the physical world.


 computer supercomputer reality simulation
The DOD is developing a parallel to Planet Earth, with billions of individual "nodes" to reflect every man, woman, and child this side of the dividing line between reality and AR. Called the Sentient World Simulation (SWS), it will be a "synthetic mirror of the real world with automated continuous calibration with respect to current real-world information", according to a concept paper for the project. "SWS...


 future simulation military virtual reality war politics game emergence complexity
Digital 3D models of the workings of genes are helping unpick the process of aging and how toxins poison the body.


 genetics toxin 3D simulation ageing toread
Researchers in Japan have shown that a slime mold can design a network that is as efficient as one developed by humans over many years: the Tokyo rail system. Furthermore, the slime mold can build its network in a day. A slime mold is what scientists refer to as a single-celled amoeboid organism. When foraging for food, it spreads out as an amorphous mass and then builds tubular connections between the food sources.


 single-celled organism network simulation efficiency mathematics complexity railway
A Belgian, two Frenchmen and a Colombian-Italian have agreed to be locked away in steel containers for 18 months to simulate a mission to Mars.


 Mars human space travel simulation
A test explosion on a Boeing 747 has shown that a US Christmas Day flight would have landed safely even if a bomb on board was detonated successfully. The plane's fuselage did not break in the controlled blast, which used the same explosives that were on Flight 253 from Amsterdam to Detroit...


 airplane bomb simulation toread
The 'Living Earth Simulator' will mine economic, environmental and health data to create a model of the entire planet in real time...


 crowdsourcing simulation planet real time data global brain
Scientists are planning to use the largest supercomputers to simulate life on Earth, including the financial system, economies and whole societies. The project is called "Living Earth Simulator" and part of a huge EU research initiative named FuturIcT...


 simulation planet social prediction European Union supercomputer pattern statistics sentience complexity virtual reality real time
We cannot derive the brain from the protein sequences underlying it; the sequences are insufficient, as well, because the nature of their expression is dependent on the environment and the history of a few hundred billion cells, each plugging along interdependently. We haven't even solved the sequence-to-protein-folding problem, which is an essential first step to executing Kurzweil's clueless algorithm. And we have absolutely no...


 brain Ray Kurzweil singularity simulation mind neuroscience genetics programming protein DNA artificial intelligence