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Top scientists demonstrate through their empirical findings that 1) free will is an illusion which can be principally manipulated and 2) people perform quite a lot of higher mental processes and behavior automatically, that is without their awareness and conscious attention. They demand a redefinition of the term "consciousness" and suggest deconstructing the question of "what is consciousness for?"...
 consciousness freedom free will psychology philosophy
The free will that humans enjoy is similar to that exercised by animals as simple as flies, a scientist has said. The idea may simply require "free will" to be redefined, but tests show that animal behaviour is neither completely constrained nor completely free. The paper, in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests animals always have a range of options available to them. "Choices" actually fit a complex...


 free will freedom thinking philosophy brain consciousness determinism biology fruit fly perception probability complexity random decision evolution survival animal animal intelligence
We're not driven only by emotions, of course—we also reason, deliberate. But reasoning comes later, works slower—and even then, it doesn't take place in an emotional vacuum. Rather, our quick-fire emotions can set us on a course of thinking that's highly biased, especially on topics we care a great deal about. ... Given the power of our prior beliefs to skew how we respond to new information, one thing is becoming clear: If...


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