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The International Journal of Unconventional Computing offers the opportunity for rapid publication of theoretical and experimental results in non-classical computing.
 computer physics mathematics chemistry quantum biology optical neuron complexity
Scientists are planning to use the largest supercomputers to simulate life on Earth, including the financial system, economies and whole societies. The project is called "Living Earth Simulator" and part of a huge EU research initiative named FuturIcT.


 simulation planet social prediction European Union supercomputer pattern statistics sentience complexity virtual reality real time
Benoit Mandelbrot, who discovered mathematical shapes known as fractals, has died of cancer at the age of 85. Mandelbrot, who had joint French and US nationality, developed fractals as a mathematical way of understanding the infinite complexity of nature.


 fractal mathematics Benoit Mandelbrot geometry complexity
Leaders of a global project to catalogue differences in human DNA say they have successfully mapped 95% of all variations.


 variation complexity genome genetics medicine DNA
The free will that humans enjoy is similar to that exercised by animals as simple as flies, a scientist has said. The idea may simply require "free will" to be redefined, but tests show that animal behaviour is neither completely constrained nor completely free. The paper, in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, suggests animals always have a range of options available to them. "Choices" actually fit a complex...


 free will freedom thinking philosophy brain consciousness determinism biology fruit fly perception probability complexity random decision evolution survival animal animal intelligence
Julia sets are fractals that were studied by the French mathematician Gaston Julia in the early 1920s. Fifty years later, Benoît Mandelbrot studied the set z2 − c and popularized it by generating the first computer visualisation. Generating these images requires heavy computation resources. Modern browsers have optimized JavaScript execution up to the point where it is now possible to render in a browser fractals like Julia sets almost...


 Mandelbrot fractal Google HTML 5 visualization mathematics complexity JavaScript