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A two-year-old girl has made an almost complete recovery after spending nearly 20 minutes at the bottom of a pool. Scans showed Oluchi Nwaubani had been starved of oxygen for some 18 minutes - three times longer than the brain can usually survive - in Bromley, London. Despite being warned that even if she were to live she may never walk or talk again, her parents say she can run around and say "what she wants".


 water drowning oxygen breathing survival cold
The Moon has the coldest place in the Solar System measured by a spacecraft.


 Moon cold season
The Gulf Stream does not appear to be slowing down, say US scientists who have used satellites to monitor tell-tale changes in the height of the sea.


 climate change ocean current Gulf Stream warmth heat hot cold water ice age
They identified a link between fewer sunspots and atmospheric conditions that "block" warm, westerly winds reaching Europe during winter months. But they added that the phenomenon only affected a limited region and would not alter the overall global warming trend.


 winter Europe cold climate change global warming sunspot Sun
The researchers sequenced haemoglobin genes from the DNA of three Siberian mammoths, tens of thousands of years old, which were preserved in the permafrost. The mammoth DNA sequences were converted into RNA (a molecule similar to DNA which is central to the production of proteins) and inserted into E. coli bacteria. The bacteria faithfully manufactured the mammoth protein. The resulting haemoglobin molecules are no different than '...


 mammoth DNA cloning haemoglobin blood climate cold oxygen
A 29-year-old skier survived an accident despite her heart stopping and not being revived for three hours. Her body temperature dropped to 13.7C (56.7F) making it the longest and coldest cardiac arrest on record.


 heart attack cold skiing accident
In Siberia, the winter temperature can drop to -60C, making it one of the coldest places to live in the world. In the first of our series on extremes, Adam Mynott finds out how the people of Oymyakon district cope with everyday life under such extraordinary conditions.


 Siberia Russia Oymyakon hot cold
A Kenyan long-distance runner who spent more than two days lost in snow storms in the US state of Alaska has had his feet amputated just above the ankles.


 Kenya frostbite Alaska cold feet running marathon
A Japanese man has survived for 24 days in cold weather and without food and water by falling into a state of "hibernation".


 Japan survival hibernation cold freeze