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Scientists studying the DNA of Neanderthals say they can find no evidence that this ancient species ever interbred with modern humans. But our closest ancestors may well have been able to speak as well as us.


 evolution Neanderthal interbreeding genetics speech homo sapiens
Recent research has suggested that climate change may have been the killer blow that finished off our closest evolutionary cousins. For about 400,000 years, the Neanderthals dominated Europe, hunting big game such as mammoth and bison. These hardy cavemen and cavewomen survived one Ice Age after another. But eventually, their luck ran out. For reasons which remain unclear, Neanderthal populations went into terminal decline.


 global warming Neanderthal climate change
... suggests that the playing of music was common as far back as 40,000 years ago when modern humans spread across Europe.
 music flute Neanderthal evolution human archaeology
Super článok, resp. téma. Stále premýšľam - nebolo by úžasné, keby sa raz zistilo, že nejakí neandertálci prežili až do historických čias a sú to obri a lesní ľudia, ktorých poznáme z rozprávok a povestí? Ale vlastne už 24 tisíc rokov dozadu nie je tak veľa, že. Tomáš J. Fülöpp


 human evolution Neanderthal climate extinction
Scientists claim to have the first persuasive evidence that Neanderthals wore "body paint" 50,000 years ago.
 paint body Neanderthal toread
One of science's most puzzling mysteries - the disappearance of the Neanderthals - may have been solved. Modern humans ate them, says a leading fossil expert.


 Neanderthal cannibal extinction
But many archaeologists still talk of cultural revolutions associated with our kin (and not the others) and many palaeoanthropologists have continued to insist that we are a different species (Homo sapiens) from them (Homo neanderthalensis).


 Neanderthal mating human evolution species
Archaeologists have found what they say is the earliest evidence of Neanderthals living in Britain.


 archaeology Neanderthal UK
Mating with Neanderthals and another ancient group called Denisovans introduced genes that help us cope with viruses to this day. Previous research had indicated that prehistoric interbreeding led to up to 4% of the modern human genome. The new work identifies stretches of DNA derived from our distant relatives.


 Neanderthal Denisovan human evolution immunity interbreeding genetics cloning
New investigations at an iconic cave site on the Channel Island of Jersey have led archaeologists to believe the Neanderthals have been widely under-estimated. Neanderthals survived in Europe through a number of ice ages and died out only about 30,000 years ago.


 Neanderthal Jersey island extinction human evolution
Neanderthals were already on the verge of extinction in Europe by the time modern humans arrived on the scene, a study suggests. DNA analysis suggests most Neanderthals in western Europe died out as early as 50,000 years ago - thousands of years before our own species appeared. A small group of Neanderthals then recolonised parts of Europe, surviving for 10,000 years before vanishing.


 Neanderthal evolution human extinction species Homo sapiens