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Pope Benedict was in charge of Roman Catholic doctrine in 1990 when, as Cardinal Ratzinger, he commented on the 17th-Century Galileo trial. In the speech, he quoted Austrian-born philosopher Paul Feyerabend as saying the Church's verdict against Galileo had been "rational and just". Galileo's inquisitors maintained the scriptures indicated the Earth was stationary. Galileo, a devout Catholic, was forced to renounce his...


 religion Pope Catholic Galileo Galilei
In 1992, Pope John Paul said the church's denunciation of Galileo's work had been a tragic error. ... Pope Benedict XVI said an understanding of the laws of nature could stimulate appreciation of God's work. ... Why not simply appreciating nature's work? Tomáš J. Fülöpp


 Galileo Galilei pope nature science Vatican
It was not until 1992 that Pope John Paul II declared that the Church's ruling was an error and that Catholics were not hostile to science.


 Galileo Galilei Catholic Church religion astronomy
Probing a more universal measure of knowledge, Gallup also asked the following basic science question, which has been used to indicate the level of public knowledge in two European countries in recent years: "As far as you know, does the earth revolve around the sun or does the sun revolve around the earth?" In the new poll, about four out of five Americans (79%) correctly respond that the earth revolves around the sun, while 18...


 Sun Earth planet Solar System Galileo Galilei science religion physics astronomy education