Goalkeepers trying to stop penalty shots tend to dive to the right, research suggests - but only when their team is behind. A study of penalty shoot-outs in World Cup matches from 1982 to 2010 showed keepers usually had an even chance of going left or right to defend the goal. But the higher pressure of a losing position pushed them more to the right. The study, to be published in Psychological Science, suggests humans' "right-oriented" brains are to blame. They point out that many studies across the animal kingdom show a preference for the right in what would seem to be "50/50" situations, from dogs' tail wags to the side from which frogs strike their prey.
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